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User Consultation Meeting Ballast Water Risk

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  1. ESA Innovator II: Ballast Water Risk IndexA Tool for assessing the risk of ballast water exchange in the North SeaKerstin Stelzer, Brockmann Consult User Consultation Meeting Ballast Water Risk ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  2. Project Information Duration: 01/2009 – 06/2010 Funding: European Space Agency (ESA) Programme: ESA DUE Innovator II Testing the applicability of remote sensing satellite data in new applications Goal: Investigation of the opportunity for remote sensingsatellite data to contribute to the risk assessment of Ballast Water exchange Development and Implementation of the BallastWater Risk Index concept: Brockmann Consult End User of the service: BSH ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  3. Ballast Water Exchange Risk Index Transparency ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011 • Recommendations of the IMO Ballast Water Convention for ballast water exchange areas • Distance > 50nm • Depth > 200m • No turbid water • No outbreaks / HABs • Currents away from land • No sensitive aquatic areas • Closest to ship routes • Utilisation of remote sensing data where available and suitable • Chlorophyll concentration • Turbidity • Suspended matter • Temperature

  4. Assumptions Risk Index Model Highly turbid waters  high risk Near the coast  high risk Near protected areas  high risk Shallow waters  high risk Drift to the coast  high risk High chlorophyll concentration  high risk High suspended matter  high risk High CHL / turbidity at drift position  high risk Low difference between source and destination area (Salinity, Temperature)  high risk ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  5. Product ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011 • Product: Risk Index Map • High values indicating potential negative impact of ballast water exchange • Model Principles • Standardisation of input parameters • Tuning parameters (weighting factors) • Easy integration of additional parameters • Final Ballast Water Exchange Risk Index is composed of specific thematic risk indices

  6. Concept of multiple Risk Indices Risk Index Exchange Risk Index Drift Risk Index Eco-Region Exchange Risk Index ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011 Ballast Water Risk Index* Wilhelmshaven * 26.08.2010

  7. Distance Coast, Depth, Prot. Areas, Shipping Lines Chl, TSM Transp, Depth, Distance Currents, Circulation, Depth, Distance, Trans, Chl Temperature, Salinity (Source & Destination) Risk Index Model Ballast Water Exchange Risk Index Risk Index Ecology Risk Index Exchange Risk Index Drift Risk Index Eco-region ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011 Ballast Water Risk Index* Wilhelmshaven * 26.08.2010

  8. Input Products Satellite data Static Maps Currents ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  9. Input Data Earth Observation 30-day longterm averages Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Transparency Chlorophyll Concentration ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  10. Static Information ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  11. Forecasting model currents (demo years) ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  12. Ballast Water Risk Index Risk Index Drift Risk Index Ecoregion Risk Index Exchange Ballast Water Risk Index ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  13. Average Risk Index ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  14. Average Risk Index: Idea Detection of stable high or low risk index regions Independent of source of the ballast water Calculation of daily Risk Indices for 2006 - 2008 Exchange Risk Index Drift Risk Index  1095 daily products Averaging over certain time periods Monthly Seasonal Semi-annual Yearly Calculation of standard deviation for the assessment of the stability of certain areas ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011 Ballast Water * North Sea Exemption Group * 17.06.2010

  15. Process I: Daily Risk Index No risk index eco-region! ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  16. Process II: Averaging ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  17. ARI and Variability Winter half-year ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  18. ARI and Variability Summer half-year ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  19. Products and Use Cases Dynamic Risk Index Use Case: Ship is requesting permission for ballast water exchange from BSH Service Delivery: Generation of Risk Index via the web service Input: Date, Salinity, Temperature, Currents, Uptake/Exchange, … Output: Risk Index Map Update Frequency: on demand processing Average Risk Index Use Case: Assessment of the general risk situation and identification of potential exchange / no exchange areas Service Delivery: pre-calculated maps are available via the web service Update Frequency: static ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  20. Web Application Dynamic Risk Index ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  21. Web Application Averag Risk Index ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  22. Support for the Exemption Group ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  23. Cooperation • Close Cooperationwith BSH • Productdefinition • Model implementation • Presentation to International Bodies • OSPAR EIHA • HELCOM MARITIME • ICES/IOC/IMO Working Group on Ballast Water and other Ship Vectors • Relationship to Interreg Project Ballast Water Opportunities • Participation in different meetings • Presentation of the Risk Index Approach • Exchange and knowledge sharing with the North Sea Exchange and Exemption Group • Adaptation of products according to requirements of the North Sea Group ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  24. Summary • Development of a risk index model for ballast water exchange • Two Risk Index Products • Dynamic Risk Index • Average Risk Index • Two Use Cases • Calculation of the ship dependent risk for ballast water exchange • Demonstration of high/low risk areas • Implementation as web service • Close cooperation with BSH and the Interreg project Ballast Water Opportunities ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  25. ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  26. Processing ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  27. Processing Scheme Process I EO Data BC WAQSS Risk Index Law Risk Index Eco Ballast Water Exchange Risk Index ESA Archive Met-service Process II Currents BSH Cmod4 Process III Distances BEAM 10d running mean Chl, TSM, transp, North Sea & Baltic Sea Daily up-to-date Predicted currents North Sea & Baltic Sea config config config Process IV Indices BC WAQSS Coastline, PA, (Fishery) Proc. Param. Distance Map ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  28. Thresholds and Weighting Factors ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  29. Transformation of Parameters ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011

  30. Non-linear Transformations ESA UCM Ballast Water Risk * Hamburg * 25.01.2011