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Emergency Procedures

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  1. Emergency Procedures

  2. Emergency Descent • Why?

  3. Emergency Descent • Uncontrollable Fire • Sudden Loss of Cabin Pressurization • Any other situation requiring immediate and rapid loss of altitude

  4. Emergency Descent • How?

  5. Emergency Descent • Reduce the throttle to idle • Roll into a bank angle of approximately 30-45 degrees • Set propeller to low pitch ( High RPM)

  6. Emergency Descent • Extend landing gear and Flaps as recommended by the manufacturer • Do not exceed VNE, VLE, VFE, or VA if turbulent

  7. Emergency Approach & Landing • Maintain your composure • Fly the airplane • Maintain your glide speed • Adhere to the checklist • Manage resources

  8. Emergency Approach & Landing • Factors to consider • Wind • Surface conditions • Gear Position

  9. Emergency Approach & Landing • Size of landing area • Obstructions • Key Position

  10. How to Crash • Very Carefully • Ground Speed • Stopping Distance • Deceleration Forces 9G • 50 mph 9.4 feet • 100 mph 37.6 feet

  11. Best Glide Speed • Gear and Flaps retracted • Propeller to low RPM (High Pitch) • Pitch • Trim

  12. Best Glide Speed • Checklist • Any deviation from the best glide speed will reduce the distance you can glide

  13. 180o Turn After Takeoff • Standard rate turn takes 1 minute • At 65 knots, radius of turn is 2100 feet. • Upon completion of the turn you are 4,200 feet to one side of the runway

  14. 180o Turn After Takeoff • An additional turn of 45o takes 15 seconds • If you descend at 1,000 fpm total altitude loss will be 1.316 feet.

  15. In-Flight Fire • Follow the POH • Types

  16. In-Flight Fire • Follow the POH • Types • Cabin, Wing, Electrical, Engine • Emergency Descent • Slip away from the fire

  17. Partial Power Loss • Best Performance Airspeed ~ Best Glide Speed • Causes

  18. Partial Power Loss • Air • Carburetor Ice • Induction Icing • Fuel • Water • Contamination affecting flow

  19. Partial Power Loss • Spark • Plugs fowled, wire disconnected • Magneto • Mechanical

  20. Door Opening in Flight • Fly the airplane • Noise does not hurt • Land the airplane • Secure the door

  21. Asymmetrical Flap Extension • One flap works the other does not • Rolling motion • Hazardous if in the traffic pattern at low altitude

  22. Asymmetrical Flap Extension • Return the flaps to the up or previous position • Go around if necessary

  23. Emergencies • ELT • Diversion • High Oil Temperature • Exhaust Leak

  24. Emergencies • Engine Failure on Takeoff • Severe Turbulence • Spatial Disorientation • Survival Equipment

  25. The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is A. 30 minutes. B. 45 minutes. C. 60 minutes.

  26. The maximum cumulative time that an emergency locator transmitter may be operated before the rechargeable battery must be recharged is A. 30 minutes. B. 45 minutes. C. 60 minutes.

  27. In small airplanes, normal recovery from spins may become difficult if the A. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the CG. B. spin is entered before the stall is fully developed. C. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the longitudinal axis.

  28. In small airplanes, normal recovery from spins may become difficult if the A. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the CG. B. spin is entered before the stall is fully developed. C. CG is too far rearward, and rotation is around the longitudinal axis.

  29. When diverting to an alternate airport because of an emergency, pilots should

  30. A. apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible. B. rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation. C. climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identify checkpoints.

  31. A. apply rule-of-thumb computations, estimates, and other appropriate shortcuts to divert to the new course as soon as possible. B. rely upon radio as the primary method of navigation. C. climb to a higher altitude because it will be easier to identify checkpoints.

  32. An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by A. a defective bearing. B. the oil level being too low. C. operating with an excessively rich mixture.

  33. An abnormally high engine oil temperature indication may be caused by A. a defective bearing. B. the oil level being too low. C. operating with an excessively rich mixture.

  34. Frequent inspections should be made of aircraft exhaust manifold-type heating systems to minimize the possibility of

  35. A. a cold-running engine due to the heat withdrawn by the heater. B. exhaust gases leaking into the cockpit. C. a power loss due to back pressure in the exhaust system.

  36. A. a cold-running engine due to the heat withdrawn by the heater. B. exhaust gases leaking into the cockpit. C. a power loss due to back pressure in the exhaust system.

  37. A pilot's most immediate and vital concern in the event of complete engine failure after becoming airborne on takeoff is

  38. A. maintaining a safe airspeed. B. landing directly into the wind. C. turning back to the takeoff field.

  39. A. maintaining a safe airspeed. B. landing directly into the wind. C. turning back to the takeoff field.

  40. If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to A. minimum control speed. B. maximum structural cruising speed. C. design-maneuvering speed.

  41. If severe turbulence is encountered during flight, the pilot should reduce the airspeed to A. minimum control speed. B. maximum structural cruising speed. C. design-maneuvering speed.

  42. To best overcome the effects of spatial disorientation, a pilot should A. increase the breathing rate. B. rely on body sensations. C. rely on aircraft instrument indications.

  43. To best overcome the effects of spatial disorientation, a pilot should A. increase the breathing rate. B. rely on body sensations. C. rely on aircraft instrument indications.

  44. Bonanza F33A • Emergency Airspeeds (3400 lbs) • Emergency Descent • Maximum Glide Range • Emergency Landing Approach

  45. Bonanza F33A • Emergency Airspeeds (3400 lbs) • Emergency Descent 154 • Maximum Glide Range 105 • Emergency Landing Approach • 83

  46. Emergency Descent • Power • Propeller • Landing Gear • Airspeed

  47. Emergency Descent • Power Idle • Propeller High RPM • Landing Gear Down • Airspeed Establish 154 KTS

  48. Engine Failure-Take Off Ground Roll • Throttle • Braking • Fuel Selector • Battery and Alternator Switches

  49. Engine Failure-Take Off Ground Roll • Throttle Closed • Braking Maximum • Fuel Selector Off • Battery and Off Alternator Switches

  50. Engine Failure - In Flight • Fuel Selector Valve • Auxiliary Fuel Pump • Mixture • Magnetos