ELIZA HAYWOOD. 1693? - 1756. Biography. - Born Elizabeth Fowler -Was likely married between 1714-1719 -Had two illegitimate children -Was linked romantically to Richard Savage and William Hatchett . Why don't we know more about her life?.
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1693? - 1756
-Born Elizabeth Fowler
-Was likely married between 1714-1719
-Had two illegitimate children
-Was linked romantically to Richard Savage and William Hatchett
This is possibly the result of a request on her death bed to “a particular Person, who was well acquainted with all the Particulars of it, not to communicate to any one the least Circumstance relating to her” (Ballaster, Seductive Forms 159)
We do know that Haywood produced over 40 works of fiction, four translations, a biography, multiple plays, a history of the stage, seven periodicals, numerous poems and pamphlets and two collected editions of her works.
Alexander Pope wrote about Haywood in his poem
See in the circle next, Eliza plac'd; Two babes of love close clinging to her waste;Fair as before her works she stands confess'd, In flow'rs and pearls by bounteous Kirkall dress'd. The Goddess then: "Who best can send on high “The salient spout, far-streaming to the sky: “His be yon Juno of majestic size, “With cow like udders, and with ox-like eyes.
Pope takes the focus off of her writing and into her personal life by proclaiming her two children to be illegitimate.
Richard Savage also wrote
about Haywood in
The Authors of the Town 1725 :
“A Cast off Dame, who of intrigues can judge,
Writes Scandal in Romance --- A Printer's Drudge!
Flush'd with Success, for Stage-Renown she pants,
And melts, and swells, and pens luxurious Rants.”
Wollstonecraft went against top thinkers of her day like Rousseau, whom Wollstonecraft stated he believed “that a woman should never for a moment, feel herself independent, that she should be governed by fear to exercise her natural cunning, and made a coquetish slave in order to render her a more alluring object of desire, a sweeter companion to man…” (Wollstonecraft 179).
“…the conduct expected of women as virgins, wives, and widows rested on the assumption that sexual desire was proper to the male and unbecoming to the female” (Brophy 27).
“While a wife must be above reproach, she must tolerate, even expect, a much lower order of conduct from her husband, both in sexual promiscuity and in other masculine prerogatives such as drunkenness” (Brophy 11).
It was during this period of female suppression that Eliza Haywood wrote Fantomina
- women betrayed into prostitution by manipulative men
- servant girls seduced and ruined by the men they work for
- wronged widows, left for destitution