Describing Consonants - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Describing Consonants

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  1. Describing Consonants • Aspects of Articulation • Voicing • Place of articulation • Manner of articulation

  2. Manner of Articulation • Stop [t] • Fricative [ʃ] • Affricate [ʧ] • Nasal [n] • Liquid [ɹ] • Glide [j] • Flap [ſ]

  3. Voicing • What is happening at the LARYNX? • Vocal folds spread apart = voiceless • Close together and vibrating = voiced Front Vocal folds Glottis Back

  4. voiced voiceless

  5. Voiced  Voiceless • [p][b] • [ɵ][ð] • [k][g] • [s][z]

  6. Place of Articulation • Bilabial • [p] (pit, tip, spit) • [b] (ball, globe, amble) • [m] (moose, lamb, ample) • [w] (with, mow, queen) • [w̥ ] (which, what, where, why)

  7. Labiodental • [f] (foot, laugh, coffee) • [v] (vest, dove, gravel) • Interdental • [ɵ] (through, teeth, ether) • [ð](their, mother, either)

  8. Alveolar • [t] (tag, stick, backed) • [d] (dip, card, loved) • [s] (soap, cats, descent) • [z] (zip, roads, Xerox) • [n] (know, snow, winter) • [l] (leaf, feel, alight) • [ɹ] (rabbit, here, around) • [ſ] (butter, madder, matter)

  9. Palatal • [ʃ] (shy, mission, ash) • [ʒ] (measure, vision) • [ʧ] (choke, match, feature) • [ʤ] (joke, region, judge) • [j] (you, feud, beautiful)

  10. Velar • [k] (character, exceed, pack) • [g] (guard, longer, dig) • [ŋ] (lung, finger, think) • Glottal • [ʔ] (uh-oh, hatrack, Batman) • [h] (who, hat, whole)

  11. Natural Class • Nasal consonants • [m, n, ŋ] • Affricates • [ʧ, ʤ] • Voiceless Stops • [p, t, k, ʔ] • Voiced Stops • [b, d, g, m, n, ŋ]

  12. Natural Class • Front Vowels • [i, ɪ, e, ɛ, æ] • Central Vowels • [ə, ʌ] • Back Vowels • [u, ʊ, o, ɔ, ɑ] • Tense Vowels • [i, u, o, e]