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Describing Consonants Aspects of Articulation Voicing Place of articulation Manner of articulation Manner of Articulation Stop [t] Fricative [ʃ] Affricate [ʧ] Nasal [n] Liquid [ɹ] Glide [j] Flap [ ſ ] Voicing What is happening at the LARYNX?

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describing consonants
Describing Consonants
  • Aspects of Articulation
  • Voicing
  • Place of articulation
  • Manner of articulation
manner of articulation
Manner of Articulation
  • Stop [t]
  • Fricative [ʃ]
  • Affricate [ʧ]
  • Nasal [n]
  • Liquid [ɹ]
  • Glide [j]
  • Flap [ſ]
voicing
Voicing
  • What is happening at the LARYNX?
    • Vocal folds spread apart = voiceless
    • Close together and vibrating = voiced

Front

Vocal folds Glottis

Back

voiced voiceless
Voiced  Voiceless
  • [p][b]
  • [ɵ][ð]
  • [k][g]
  • [s][z]
place of articulation
Place of Articulation
  • Bilabial
  • [p] (pit, tip, spit)
  • [b] (ball, globe, amble)
  • [m] (moose, lamb, ample)
  • [w] (with, mow, queen)
  • [w̥ ] (which, what, where, why)
labiodental
Labiodental
  • [f] (foot, laugh, coffee)
  • [v] (vest, dove, gravel)
  • Interdental
  • [ɵ] (through, teeth, ether)
  • [ð](their, mother, either)
alveolar
Alveolar
  • [t] (tag, stick, backed)
  • [d] (dip, card, loved)
  • [s] (soap, cats, descent)
  • [z] (zip, roads, Xerox)
  • [n] (know, snow, winter)
  • [l] (leaf, feel, alight)
  • [ɹ] (rabbit, here, around)
  • [ſ] (butter, madder, matter)
palatal
Palatal
  • [ʃ] (shy, mission, ash)
  • [ʒ] (measure, vision)
  • [ʧ] (choke, match, feature)
  • [ʤ] (joke, region, judge)
  • [j] (you, feud, beautiful)
velar
Velar
  • [k] (character, exceed, pack)
  • [g] (guard, longer, dig)
  • [ŋ] (lung, finger, think)
  • Glottal
  • [ʔ] (uh-oh, hatrack, Batman)
  • [h] (who, hat, whole)
natural class
Natural Class
  • Nasal consonants
  • [m, n, ŋ]
  • Affricates
  • [ʧ, ʤ]
  • Voiceless Stops
  • [p, t, k, ʔ]
  • Voiced Stops
  • [b, d, g, m, n, ŋ]
natural class13
Natural Class
  • Front Vowels
  • [i, ɪ, e, ɛ, æ]
  • Central Vowels
  • [ə, ʌ]
  • Back Vowels
  • [u, ʊ, o, ɔ, ɑ]
  • Tense Vowels
  • [i, u, o, e]