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Autism

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    1. Autism Definition Characteristics Causes Assessment Teaching Practices

    2. Definition of Autism Developmental disability evident before 3 Significantly affects verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction Adversely affects education performance Can also be called – autistic disorder, Rett’s disorder, Asperger’s syndrome, pervasive developmental disorder

    3. Autism Perspectives Identified by Leo Kanner in 1943 Originally considered an emotional disturbance mostly caused by “cold” mothering styles Categorized under “Other Health Impairments” and then for a brief time under “Communication Disorders” Now a separate category under IDEA

    4. Autism Characteristics Delayed language development Lack of social integration Inappropriate behaviors Need for environmental predictability Sensory and movement disorders

    5. Autism Characteristics Intellectual functioning 20% = normal IQ 30% = mild to moderate 42% = severe to profound Savant syndrome

    6. Autism – Causes & Prevalence Causes Abnormal brain development Neurochemistry Genetic factors Prevalence 5.5 children in 10,000 4x as many males as females

    7. Assessment Determining the presence Physician or nondiscriminatory team Follows tests for mental retardation or severe and multiple disabilities Numerous diagnostic tools including the Autism Diagnostic Interview Use of a functional analysis to determine needed services and develop IEP Served by Regional Center

    8. Teaching Practices Emphasis on cognitive development as well as life skills, and vocational preparation Strategies include: Positive behavioral support Social stories - research Picture Exchange Communication System (PEC’s) Treatment and Education of Autistic & Related Communication Handicapped Children (TEACCH) Structured routines/schedule

    9. TEACCH 8:30    Student arrival, put belongings away, greetings     8:45    Work session 1   9:30    Work session 2   10:15    Break   10:30    Leisure learning/School friends   11:00    Work session 3   11:45    Prepare for lunch   12:00    Lunch   12:30    Outside/gym   1:00    Clean cafeteria tables and floors   1:45    Work session 4   2:30    Dismissal http:www.teacch.com/teacch_e.htm

    10. Least Restrictive Environment 75% of children with autism are in separate classroom environments Usually fall under the moderate/severe credential area Emphasis on full family/community participation