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An Overview to Columbus Operations Reinhold Ewald ESA Astronaut Columbus Control Centre Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich PowerPoint Presentation
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An Overview to Columbus Operations Reinhold Ewald ESA Astronaut Columbus Control Centre Oberpfaffenhofen near Munich. DLR. Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V. ESA Ministerial Conference, Rome 1985 (input). Dr. J. Kehr. DLR. Decisive Events.

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slide1
An Overview to Columbus OperationsReinhold EwaldESA AstronautColumbus Control CentreOberpfaffenhofen near Munich

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide2

DLR

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.

ESA Ministerial Conference, Rome 1985 (input)

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

Dr. J. Kehr

slide3

DLR

Decisive Events

Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt e.V.

1987 Challenger Accident

Co-orbiting Platforms cancelled (The Hague)

1988 Start of MSCC construction (advanced contribution)

1992 Hermes and MTFF cancelled (Munich)

1993 USSR dissolved and MoU with Russia

“Freedom” survives with 216:215 in US Congress

D-2 Mission, MSCC qualification

1994 Size of Columbus module reduced to half (6m) NASA approves “bulkhead” approach for partners

1995 COF and ATV officially approved for ISS (Toulouse)

1998 After 20 Ph-B studies:

Col-CC DDI contract to DLR

Launch of the first ISS module (Zarya)

2003 Columbia accident

2004 Col-CC “Inauguration””

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

Dr. J. Kehr

slide4
ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide5

1E STS 122 Mission Parameters:

  • duration 11+1+2 days, 7 crew (1up/1 down
  • 3 EVA´s,
  • Cargo: Columbus, ICC withExt. P/L SOLAR and EUTEF

View into Shuttle Cargo Bay

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide6

MSGMicrogra-vity ScienceGlovebox

SOLAR

3 Instruments

EuTEF

9 Experiments

NASA ExperimentFacilities

EuropeanDrawerRack

HRFHumanPhysiologyRackFacilities

PCDFCrystal Growth

European

Transport

Carrier

PhysiologyModules

Biology

Fluidphysics

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide7

STS 122 1E

February 2008

After successful mating and leak check

Col-CC

  • supported commanding of Columbus into Berthed Survival Mode
  • performed Columbus final activation
  • provided support to the on-board crew for Columbus and rack outfitting
  • started commissioning of system and payloads
  • supported activation of external payloads EuTEF and SOLAR

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide8
Col-CC

started operations of the Columbus module in February 2008 and performs the following tasks:

  • Controls Columbus around the clock: 24 hours per day, 7 days per week
  • Performs communications to the on-board crew for activities performed in the Columbus module
  • Controls stowage in Columbus
  • Coordinates operations with Mission Control Centre Houston and Huntsville
  • Plans all activities performed in Columbus
  • Performs payload coordination with USOCs (User Support and Operations Centres) distributed throughout Europe
  • Col-CC is supported by engineering teams at Col-CC, Bremen and Turino and by ground system operations

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide9
Col-CC
  • controls the Columbus on-board systems to provide a safe and comfortable environment for the crew and to provide necessary support for the ESA and NASA payload facilities
  • This is achieved by monitoring and configuring, by remote command, the following subsystems:
    • Power System
    • Environmental Control and Life Support System
      • Air conditioning (oxygen)
      • Temperature control for cabin
      • Humidity regulation
      • Shell heaters
    • Thermal System
      • Water loop, water pump to cool equipment and racks
    • Data Management System
    • System to Payload interfaces
  • Col-CC performs preventive system maintenance
  • Supports repair and replacement of system components

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide10
Col-CCperforms Columbus system reconfiguration to support docking / undocking of visiting vehicles
  • ATV docking 3 Apr 08, undocking 5 Sep 08
  • STS 122-128 except 125
  • Activation of the Japanese modules
  • Soyuz docking
  • Progress docking
  • HTV

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide11
Upgrade of Columbus on-board software to the next revisions (Cycle 11 in 2008, Cycle 12 in Oct 2009) in close cooperation with the crew, engineering teams, and the other MCC
  • Supported repair of ESA payloads in Columbus
  • Supported payload operations and performed payload monitoring

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide12
One year of operations resulted in
  • 36500 commands to Columbus
  • 2.2 million lines of code
  • 213 CHITs
  • 41 integrated anomalies
  • 420 Columbus anomalies
  • Col-CC Stand-alone Simulations: 25
  • European Simulations: 70
  • Simulations with NASA: 50

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide13

ESA Mission Director

Cosmo

Command

DMS/Comms

Systems

Operations Coordinator/Columbus Planner

Columbus Flight Director

Eurocom

(EAC)

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide14
ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide15

Columbus DMS Architecture

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide16
ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide17
ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide18

Computer System

Communication System

Computer & Communication Systems

DMS/Comms

ODIN

CATO

Motion Control System

Power System

Power & Thermal Systems

ADCO

PHALCON

Systems

Thermal System

Life Support System

Life Support

THOR

ECLSS

Legacy Ops Concept

Columbus

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide19

Computer System

Communication System

ODIN

CATO

CRONUS

Motion Control System

Power System

Motion Control System

Power & External Thermal Systems

ADCO

PHALCON

ADCO

SPARTAN

Thermal System

Life Support System

Life Support & Internal Thermal Systems

THOR

ECLSS

ETHOS

Legacy Ops Concept

New Ops Concept

Computer & Communication Systems

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide20

Computer & Communication Systems

DMS/Comms

CRONUS

Motion Control System

Power & External Thermal Systems

Power & Thermal Systems

ADCO

SPARTAN

Systems

Life Support

Life Support & Internal Thermal Systems

ETHOS

Columbus

New Ops Concept

Computer & Communication Systems

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide21
ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all

slide22
During Increment 20:

COLUMBUS has become the most used science module on board ISS!

ASE XXII Congress

Space – Opportunities for all