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Columbus PowerPoint Presentation

Columbus

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Columbus

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  1. Images of Amerindians Cannibal Hobbes El Dorado Columbus STONE- AGE Dog-snouted warriors Hobbes archaic primitive Rousseau Green Hell Léry Garden of Eden Amazons Savage Homer

  2. Rolling Stone, 10/17/07

  3. The Handbook of South American Indians (1946-1950) state chiefdom tribe band the tropical forest tribe: i.e., you get in the past) what you see in 20th century

  4. Areas of Complex Societies in Amazonia

  5. 1 2 3 Amazonian Polychrome Tradition • Marajoara • Santarém • Central Amazon

  6. Caumtins (Marajoara) mound group Elite mounds

  7. Domestic mounds

  8. ? Elite Mounds (Camutins) Regional Ceramic Traditions

  9. CENTRAL AMAZON

  10. Southern Amazon borderlands

  11. Mound linked by causeways in domesticated landscapes of lowland Bolivia

  12. Geoglyph sites in Acre, western Brazil

  13. 1 3 2 1) Acre, Brazil; 2) lowland Bolivia; 3) Upper Xingu River

  14. Earthworks provide key: Highly visible and datable, contiguous, and precisely laid out

  15. X6 X13

  16. 5 cm

  17. Manioc, the major Amazonian staple crop (domesticated by 6,000-8,000 BC, based on genetic evidence)

  18. At least 138 crops with some degree of domestication were being cultivated or managed by native Amazonians at the time of European conquest (83 crops native to Amazonia). • 68% of these Amazonian crops are fruit or nut trees or woody perennials (not surprising in Amazon forest). Peach Palm

  19. The Arawak Diaspora

  20. Fish farming

  21. Fish-farming, Baure of eastern lowland Bolivia Raised Agricultural Fields, Bolivian lowlands

  22. B A 2 4 3 1 5 MIDDLE BERBICE STUDY AREA

  23. Kaurikreek: 2200-1750 BC Dubulay: 3320-2760 BC 3010-2870 BC

  24. 300 m