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Today’s Standard. 1.3 Use subordination, coordination, apposition, and other devices to indicate clearly the relationship between ideas. General Definitions:. subordination : below or less important. Example: In the workplace, if someone is your subordinate they are below you in rank.

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Today’s Standard

1.3 Use subordination, coordination, apposition, and other devices to indicate clearly the relationship between ideas.


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General Definitions:

  • subordination:

    below or less important.

    Example: In the workplace, if someone is your subordinate they are below you in rank.

  • coordination:

    equal in value; balanced.

    Example: When you coordinate your shoes, you match them so they are equal.


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Subordination in English:

  • subordination:

    showing that one idea has less value by its placement in a sentence

    If two simple sentences are closely related but unequal in importance, combine the sentences and turn the less important idea into a subordinate clause to show its subordinate (or inferior) position.

    Example: Many women could not cast a vote in a federal election. The Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920.

    Combined: Many women could not cast a vote in a federal election until the Nineteenth Amendment was ratified in 1920.

    The bold part is an example of subordination.


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  • Coordination in English

    coordination:

    placing ideas in a sentence so that they have equal value.

    coordination is achieved by connecting equal ideas from separate sentences, and joining them with a conjunction.

    Example: Kangaroos carry their young in pouches. Koalas carry their young in pouches.

    Combined: Kangaroos and koalas carry their young in pouches.

The red part shows coordination.


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  • apposition:

    using appositives and appositive phrases correctly.

    appositive:

    A noun or pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or describe it.

    Example: The cosmonaut, Yuri Gagrin, was the first person in space.

    appositive phrase:

    An appositive and its modifiers.

    Example: Officer Webb, one of the security guards, caught the burglar.


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Quiz

Determine whether the following show subordination, coordination, or apposition.

  • Tacos, one of the most popular Mexican dishes, are served here.

  • Crocodiles have strong tails and are excellent swimmers.

  • Miguel has the same class, American history, this afternoon.

  • Today, people around the world enjoy chili, chocolate, and tacos, which are Aztec in origin.

  • The Aztecs surrendered after Cortes launched a fierce counter-attack.

  • Alligators are classified as a threatened species and enjoy the protection of state and federal law.