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The role of technology development in greenhouse gas emission reduction Case of Finland Antti Lehtilä, Ilkka Savolainen & Sanna Syri VTT Processes Energy Systems http://www.climtech.vtt.fi The CLIMTECH Programme (1999–2003) General purposes:

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the role of technology development in greenhouse gas emission reduction case of finland
The role of technology development in greenhouse gas emission reductionCase of Finland

Antti Lehtilä, Ilkka Savolainen & Sanna SyriVTT ProcessesEnergy Systems

http://www.climtech.vtt.fi

the climtech programme 1999 2003
The CLIMTECH Programme (1999–2003)
  • General purposes:
    • Investigate the needs for technology developmentrelated to greenhouse gas emission reduction
    • Disseminate information on technology, promote communication between industry and research community
  • Main subject areas:
    • Renewable energy and distributed energy production
    • Energy efficiency in production and end-use
    • Non-CO2 greenhouse gases
    • Capture and utilization of CO2
    • Development of models and systems
    • Commercialization
  • Final phase included an integrating scenario study based on the assessments of individual projects:
    • The role of technology in GHG reduction until 2030
scenarios studied
Scenarios studied
  • Climate change is reality – emissions have to be reduced
  • Focus of the scenarios:
    • The time beyond Kyoto until 2030
    • All six greenhouse gases of the Kyoto protocol
    • Potential and cost-efficiency of advanced technologies
  • Emission reduction targets in 2030:
    • Base 20% below Kyoto target, variants 10% and 30%
    • Kyoto scenario with constant Kyoto target
  • Two technology futures:
    • Conventional technology development
    • Optimistic (or boosted) development
  • Sources for technology projections:
    • Projections of the CLIMTECH technology studies
    • VTT’s Energy Visions 2030 for Finland
projections for climate change impacts
Projections for climate change impacts
  • Based on study made under the CLIMTECH programme
    • HadCM3 general circulation model
    • IPCC emission scenarios A2 and B2
  • The impacts in 2030 were based on projected changes between periods 1961–1990 and 2021–2050
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Technology development can significantly reduceemission reduction costs
  • Early R&D investments yield largest long-term benefits
  • Bioenergy and wind technologies focal in Finland
  • Promoting the use of new technology equally important
  • Benefits from R&D can be highly multiplicative:
    • Cost savings in domestic emission reduction
    • Good prospects for increasing technology exports
    • Improved balance of trade in emission allowances – further boost in domestic technology market
    • Substantial reductions in other air pollutants