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The Cultural Impact of Hispanics in Tennessee: Latino 101 By Dr. Loida C. Velázquez. Goal: To inform workshop participants about this ethnic group culture, values, and customs in order to create a safe and respectful space for their interactions. Agenda. The Latinization of the South

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the cultural impact of hispanics in tennessee latino 101 by dr loida c vel zquez

The Cultural Impact of Hispanics in Tennessee: Latino 101By Dr. Loida C. Velázquez

Goal: To inform workshop participants about this ethnic group culture, values, and customs in order to create a safe and respectful space for their interactions.

agenda
Agenda

The Latinization of the South

The Latino Sociological and Legal Profile

The Latino impact on the region

Recommendations for Cultural Sensitive Relationships

2006 census update
2006 Census Update
  • 42,700,000 or 14% of total population
    • 58.5% Mexicans
    • 9.6% Puerto Ricans
    • 3.5% Cubans
    • 4.8% Central Americans
    • 3.8% South American
  • 60% born in the USA
  • 2050 Projection: 102.6 millions
latino growth in the south
Latino Growth in the South

Limits of census information

  • Top Counties: 4 are in North Carolina; 3 are in Georgia: 2 are in Arkansas
  • Latinos in Tennessee 2000 census: 125,000An increase of 278% from the 1990 census. From 2000-2005 it has increased 40%
  • Knox county Latino population reached 1.5% of the total population in 2006. The African American population decreased to 0.8
east tennessee
East Tennessee
  • 3 Waves of immigration:
      • 1960-80 Professionals
      • 1995-2000 Laborers
      • 2003-Present Bilingual Professionals
who is a latino
Who is a Latino?
  • Not a homogeneous group: people from 23 countries and 3 continents
  • Not a race but an ethnic group
  • Aspects shared: history of colonization and language of the colonizer
  • 4 major areas of immigration: Mexico, Central America, South America, the Caribbean
america or the united states
Un canto de amistad

De buena vecindad

Unidos nos tendrá eternamente

Por nuestra libertad

Por nuestra lealtad

Debemos de vivir gloriosamente

Un símbolo de paz

Anuncia el porvenir

De todo el continente Americano

Fuerza de optimismo

Fuerza de hermandad

Será este canto de Buena voluntad

Argentina, Brasil y Bolivia

Colombia, Chile y Ecuador

Uruguay, Paraguay, Venezuela

Guatemala y El Salvador

Costa Rica, Haití y Nicaragua

Honduras y Panamá

Norteamérica, México y Perú

Puerto Rico, Cuba y Canadá

Son hermanos soberanos de la libertad

Son hermanos soberanos de la libertad.

America or the United States?

La Canción de las Américas

www.musicaperuana.com/espanol/cancion.htm

what should we call them
What Should We Call Them?
  • Historical origins:
          • Latinos?
          • Hispanics
          • Chicanos?
          • Illegal immigrants?
hhm celebrating our contributions in sciences
HHM: Celebrating our contributions in Sciences
  • Dr. Ellen Ochoa –first hispanic female astronaut
  • Dr. Mario Molina –received a Nobel prize in chemistry
  • Sid Gutierrez –a NASA astronaut piloted Space Shuttle Columbia
  • Dr. Tamara Ulibarry –investigating the effects of materials aging on mechanical properties
  • Doris Sandoval –site engineer for the construction of a uranium mill-tailing repository cell
  • Richard G. Castro –world expert in the plasma spraying of beryllium alloys
sociological strengths of the latino family
Collectivism

Simpatia

Familismo

Fatalismo

Dealing with authority figures

Personal Space

Time Orientation

Gender Roles

Religion

Sense of Respect

Sociological Strengths of the Latino Family
some differences among latinos
Some Differences Among Latinos
  • Nationalism
  • Regionalism
  • Localism
  • Indigenous Languages
how do they get here
How Do They Get Here?
  • Naturalized Citizen
  • Legal Permanent Resident
  • Refugee/Political Asylum
  • Temporary Protected Status
  • Aliens who are spouse or children of American Citizens or LPR
  • H2A Workers
  • Student or Visitor visa
  • Undocumented
profile of the average latino immigrant
Traditional

Limited English

Limited knowledge of culture and customs

Multiple problems: housing, food, health, home sickness, schooling for children

Desperate for a job

Large family back home expecting support

Acculturated

Better education level

Speaks fluent English

More community involvement

Better jobs

Acquiring dominant culture values

Giving up language and values of culture of origin

Profile of the Average Latino Immigrant
assimilation
Assimilation

A process of giving up the values and customs of the culture of origin and adopting values and customs of the dominant culture.

Why is slower for Latinos?

  • Proximity of country of origin
  • Means of communication
  • The global village
  • The immigration waves were larger than other groups
  • The acceptance of the local culture of symbols, language and cultural products.
slide19

Cultural Orientations

Most Euro-American & Highly Acculturated Latinos

Nature to be used and controlled for man’s needs.

Individual achievement.

Nuclear family.

Limited expression of feelings

and emotions.

Religion separate & apart from culture.

Dualistic linear thinking.

Time is specific.

Task orientation.

Learn best thorough description

Accepts the viewpoint of similar cultures.

Latinos & Most Ethnic MinoritiesNature as an equal and integral part of man’s existence.

Group achievement.

Extended kinship family.

Open expression of feelings

and emotions.

Religion permeates the culture

Holistic non-linear thinking.

Time is relative.

Relationship orientation.

Learn best by doing.

Accepts the viewpoint of different cultures.

impact of the rapid demographic changes on the local community
Impact of the rapid demographic changes on the local community
  • Inadequacy of the current infrastructure in serving a large number of newcomers with specific challenges:
          • DRIVERS LICENCE/INSURANCE
          • IMMIGRATION STATUS
          • LANGUAGE BARRIERS
benefits to the local region
Benefits to the local region
  • Rejuvenation of dying communities
  • A steady and reliable workforce
  • Bilingual and tri-lingual workers
  • Open-minded organizations who are helping to built the proper infrastructure to meet the needs of all residents
new organization in the region
New organization in the region
  • Hispanic Chamber of Commerce of East Tennessee
  • El Centro Hispano
  • HOLA: Hora Latina
  • Hispanic Catholic Ministries
  • Tennessee Immigrants and Refugees Rights Coalition
  • Alianza del Pueblo
  • Leadership Plenty Project
recommendations for improved relationships
Recommendations for Improved Relationships
  • Make first impression memorable: Become familiar with Latino history and culture
  • Learn some words in Spanish, it impresses us!
  • Become familiar with Latino issues: Immigration reform, the passing of the Dream Act, home ownership opportunities/predator lenders, drivers regulations. The most pressing one is the education of children of new immigrants; the preparation of future mathematicians and scientists. Be a mentor and an advocate!
  • Recognize that the future USA citizens will not look like you or me! It will be Loren Velazquez, it will be Harley Diamond, it will be Jonathan Sumpter, it will be Tiki Duquella, it will be Rudy Marquez.
  • Become involved in making our state and our region a welcoming one, a place that appreciates and values its diversity.