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Civic Journalism. The Role of Newspapers in Building Citizenship. Press Challenges. Profit pressures Internet Bad journalistic habits Government regulation. New Questions:. Who is a journalist? What is journalism?. New Trends:. Interactive journalism Participatory journalism

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Civic journalism

Civic Journalism

The Role of Newspapers in Building Citizenship


Press challenges
Press Challenges

  • Profit pressures

  • Internet

  • Bad journalistic habits

  • Government regulation


New questions
New Questions:

  • Who is a journalist?

  • What is journalism?


New trends
New Trends:

  • Interactive journalism

  • Participatory journalism

  • Citizen journalism


Civic journalism1
Civic Journalism

  • Restore good habits

  • Build reader connections

  • Get better stories

  • Build better citizens


Journalism today
Journalism Today

  • Blurred lines

    • Reporting & Commentary

    • Entertainment & News

  • Difficulty “getting it right”

  • Serving elites vs. citizens

  • Out of touch with public

  • Commercial > sensational


Bad habits
Bad Habits

  • Act rushed

  • Hover with notebook

  • Ask loaded questions

  • Expect fast answers

  • Listen for quick quote

  • Show up only for problems

  • Corrupt behavior


Civic journalism aspirations
Civic JournalismAspirations

  • Retain watch dog

  • Abandon attack dog

  • Add guide dog


Civic election coverage
Civic Election Coverage

  • Avoid < horse race polls

  • Focus > voter issues

  • Frame > hiring decisions


Charlotte

Observer


Norfolk

Virginian-Pilot


Philadelphia

Inquirer

Mayor’s Race


Pew center for civic journalism
Pew Center forCivic Journalism

  • Funded 120 projects

  • Tracked 650 projects

  • Trained 4,000 journalists

  • Awarded 30 Batten Awards

  • Interactive journalism


Read more

Read more:

www.pewcenter.org

www.j-lab.org


Computer kiosks

> Community surveys


Clickable

Maps




Definition civic journalism
Definition:Civic Journalism

News that citizens need to:

  • Learn about issues, events

  • Make civic decisions

  • Participate in a democracy


Civic toolbox
Civic Toolbox

  • New definitions of “news”

  • New sources of news

  • New interactions with readers

  • Mental checklist


What is news
What is “News?”

Content audits: 1977 - 1997:

  • Government News < 38%

  • Entertainment News > 380%

  • Scandal News > 300 %


Civic techniques
Civic Techniques

  • DON’T:

    • Keep score

    • Focus on conflict

  • DO:

    • Cover solutions

    • Interview all stakeholders


Savannah’s

Vision 2010


Civic attributes
Civic Attributes:

  • Entry points for citizen input - task force

  • Reported solutions

  • Build civic capacity

    • Action plan

    • Non-profit foundation


Civic response
Civic Response:

  • 1,100 reader calls

  • $200,000 donations

  • 50 tons food

  • 8,000 toys

  • Thousands volunteer hours


News as conflict
“News” as Conflict

Internal vs. External

  • Conflict in Values

  • Not Conflict of People


Civic mapping
Civic Mapping

  • List pre-conceived ideas

  • Diversify Sources

    • Catalysts

    • Connectors

  • Watch for stereotypes

  • Hold conversations not interviews

  • Define terms

  • Find master narratives


  • Learn more
    Learn more:

    www.pewcenter.org

    “A Journalists’s Toolbox”

    (4 videos)

    “Tapping Civic Life” booklet


    Taking

    Back Our

    Neighborhoods


    Civic listening
    Civic Listening

    • Data Crunching

    • Community Poll

    • Citizen Advisors

    • Town Halls


    Charlotte s civic tools
    Charlotte’s Civic Tools

    • TV and radio partners

    • Neighborhood advisors

    • Town hall meetings

    • Success stories

    • “Needs” lists for each area


    Charlotte

    Observer’s

    “Needs” List


    What we know
    What we know:

    • Triggers civic behavior

    • Increases knowledge

    • Builds credibility

    • Citizens “get” it

    • Builds civic capacity

    • Builds reporting capacity


    Master narratives

    MasterNarratives

    Covering the Noise

    Vs.

    Covering the Silences




    Deadliest

    Drug


    Mental checklist
    Mental Checklist

    • How do you position people?

      √ As color or furniture that you move around?

      √ Or as a citizen capable of action?


    Mental checklist1
    Mental Checklist

    Do you only raise awareness?

    √ Can a story invite input, ideas?

    √ Can it help readers do something with the information?


    Mental checklist2
    Mental Checklist

    Have you talked to all stakeholders?

    √ Do you report more than two sides of the story?

    √ Do the pros and cons get you the real story?


    Mental checklist3
    Mental Checklist

    Do you report internal and external conflict?

    √ Do you help people see possible choices and consequences of those choices?

    √ Do you examine conflicting values?


    Mental checklist4
    Mental Checklist

    Do you advance solutions?

    √ Report what has worked elsewhere?

    √ Invite community brainstorming?


    Mental checklist5
    Mental Checklist

    Do you invite participation?

    √ How can people respond?

    √ Are there “entry points” for input?





    Less noise

    Less Noise

    More Meaningful Interaction


    The institute for interactive journalism

    The Institute

    for Interactive Journalism

    www.j-lab.org


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