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RE-ENTRY PROGRAMS AND RURAL JAILS. Frank R. Hecht Corrections Administrator Tohono O’odham Nation. RURAL/SMALL JAILS. An Overview * rural jails make up the majority of jails * resources and funding is limited house federal inmates for funds * staffing is difficult

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re entry programs and rural jails

RE-ENTRY PROGRAMSAND RURAL JAILS

Frank R. Hecht

Corrections Administrator

Tohono O’odham Nation

rural small jails
RURAL/SMALL JAILS

An Overview

* rural jails make up the majority of jails

* resources and funding is limited

house federal inmates for funds

* staffing is difficult

inmates poorly supervised

inmate/inmate aslt.

rural jails
RURAL JAILS
  • STAFFING cont’d

suicide

challenges of healthcare/related issues

BUDGET

* patrol vs jail

community expectations

RURAL CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM

* lacks resources

* slow adjudication process

* lacks referral resources

cjs last to receive services

why reentry programs
WHY REENTRY PROGRAMS?
  • Statistics
    • 1000 offenders added weekly
    • 2.6% increase from mid 2004/2005
    • 33,500 gain in jail offenders
      • Largest since 1997
      • 4.7% increase compared to 1.6% state/fed.prisons
    • 62% offenders in jail awaiting trial
why reentry programs5
WHY REENTRY PROGRAMS?
  • OPPORTUNITIES
    • Substance abuse
    • Limited/no education
    • Mental illness
    • Lack of housing
    • Lack of basic living skills
    • Gangs
    • The list goes on…but this equals OPPORTUNITES
why reentry programs6
WHY REENTRY PROGRAMS?

BENEFITS

* Critical element of PUBLIC SAFETY

* Need more research

* Corrections facility

* Community

* Corrections Staff

* Offenders Family

why reentry programs7
WHY REENTRY PROGRAMS?
  • PRE-RELEASE
    • Prepares offender
    • System wide approach
      • Reduces potential for conflict
      • Assists in successful adjudication
      • Provides for PUBLIC SAFETY
      • Prepares family and offender
    • Must start in the jail
types of re entry programs
TYPES OF RE-ENTRY PROGRAMS
  • PROGRAM DESIGN BASED UPON
    • Local resources
    • Community values/support
    • CJS priorities
    • Local community issues
    • Jail crowding/challenges
    • Funding
    • Offenders pop/characteristics
types of re entry programs9
TYPES OF RE-ENTRY PROGRAMS
  • TYPES OF PROGRAMS

* Work Release

* Day Reporting/Resource Center

* Pretrial Release Program

SERVICES OFFERED

* Job Development

* Literacy/GED

* Family Preservation

types of re entry programs10
TYPES OF RE-ENTRY PROGRAMS
  • SERVICES
    • Parenting
    • Substance Abuse
    • Gang Resistance/Education
    • Anger Management
    • Healthcare/HIV education
    • Drug testing
    • Mental Health screening/Med.Mgmnt.
types of re entry programs11
TYPES OF RE-ENTRY PROGRAMS
  • ESSENTIAL COMPONENT
    • PUBLIC SAFETY
    • Accountability
    • Closely monitored
      • Telephonic
      • Field surv.
      • Scheduling
      • COMMUNICATION
design components
DESIGN COMPONENTS
  • CRITICAL ELEMENTS
    • PARTNERSHIPS
    • Community Advisory Group
      • People support what they help create
    • Jail Liaison
    • Program Costs
    • Planning
    • Program Evaluation
design components13
DESIGN COMPONENTS
  • CRITICAL ELEMENTS
    • Funding
    • Regional Jails
    • Regional Re-entry/resource sharing
  • COLLABORATION+COOPERATION
    • Provides for accountability
    • Maximization of resources
    • Accountability/Public safety
    • Without it there will be no support
design components14
DESIGN COMPONENTS
  • LIMITS

The only limits there are are those placed upon

Ourselves

Use your imagination

REMEMBER:

You cant eat an elephant in one bite

indian country jails
INDIAN COUNTRY JAILS
  • INSPECTOR GENERALS REPORT
    • Bia “remiss in meeting their responsibilities in providing safe and secure detention services”
  • INDIAN COUNTRY JAILS
    • Majority rural/vastly rural/isolated
    • History of neglect/little-no funding
indian country jails16
INDIAN COUNTRY JAILS
  • TYPES
    • Bureau/Tribal/PL-638 Operated
    • Adult and Juv. or combined
    • Share some of the same challenges as other rural jails across America
  • RE-ENTRY PROGRAMS
    • For the most part they don’t exist
    • “restorative justice” model
  • NEED TO EDUCATE/ADVOCATE
recommendations
RECOMMENDATIONS
  • CONDUCT RESEARCH/SURVEYS
    • AJA/NSA/ACA
  • EDUCATE
    • ASSOCIATION CONFERENCES
      • NATIONAL/LOCAL
    • STATE JUDICIARY MEETINGS
    • ASSOCIATION PUBLICATIONS
    • DOJ/NIC/BJA PUBLICATIONS
recommendations18
RECOMMENDATIONS
  • REGIONALIZATION
    • PROMOTE REGIONAL RESOURCE CENTERS
  • Include Indian Country Corrections
conclusion
CONCLUSION
  • WE CANT JUST “WAREHOUSE” PEOPLE
  • REMEMBER:

THE MOST SUCCESSFUL PEOPLE DON’T HAVE THE BEST OF EVERYTHING

THEY MAKE THE BEST OF EVERYTHING THEY HAVE