Operations management 345 mayra calderon dr foster may 2003
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Motion and Time Study “ Time study is the one element in scientific management beyond all others making possible the transfer of skill from management to men … .. ” – Frederick W. Taylor. Operations Management 345 Mayra Calderon Dr. Foster May 2003. Overview. Motion and Time Study Defined

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Operations management 345 mayra calderon dr foster may 2003

Motion and Time Study“Time study is the one element in scientific management beyond all others making possible the transfer of skill from management to men…..”–Frederick W. Taylor

Operations Management 345

Mayra Calderon

Dr. Foster

May 2003


Overview
Overview

  • Motion and Time Study Defined

    • History

  • Details about Motion and Time Study

  • Motion and Time Study in your organization

  • Real World Example

  • Summary of Presentation

  • Reading List


What is motion and time study
What is Motion and Time Study

  • Motion Study is designed to determine to best way to complete a repetitive job

  • Time Study measures how long it takes an average worker to complete a task at a normal pace


History of motion and time study
History of Motion and Time Study

  • Frank B. Gilbreth, Lillian M Gilbreth

    -1885, he begun to develop motion study

  • Frederick W. Taylor

    -1881, he started to develop time study


History of motion and time study1
History of Motion and Time Study

  • Used Separately

  • Became interrelated


History of motion study
History of Motion Study

  • Bricklaying

  • Tools Used

    • Motion camera


History of time study
History of Time Study

  • Started at a machine shop

  • home with his family

  • Tools

    • Stopwatch & Clipboard


Tools used today
Tools Used Today…….

  • Computers

  • Bar codes

  • Accustudy Software


Details of motion and time study
Details of Motion and Time Study

  • Motion Study

    • Improve methods

    • It measures distance, or how much you move to do a job, and how much you get done in a period of time

  • Time study

    • Establish standards

    • Looked at the average time it took an average worker


Computing standards
Computing Standards

  • Estimating

  • Performance records

  • Stopwatch time study

  • Standard data

  • Time study formulas

  • Work sampling schedules

  • Queuing theory


How to use motion and time study in your organization
How to use Motion and Time Study in your Organization

  • Manufacturing

  • Office

  • Banks

  • Department Stores

  • Hospitals


How do you decide if you need to do a motion and time study
How do you decide if you need to do a Motion and Time Study

  • Are costs too high(is there a problem)?

  • Why is there a problem?

  • How can it be solved?

  • Which alternative is better?

  • Choose the best alternative


Real world example a company using time study
Real World Example ACompany Using Time Study

Cooper Hospital/University Medical Center

  • Problem

    • HR Personnel was not very accessible to employees at the hospital

    • Hard to reach the right person to answer questions

    • Inefficient voice-mail system


Real world example a company using time study1
Real World Example ACompany Using Time Study

Cooper Hospital/University Medical Center

  • Tools Used

    • Bar-coding system

    • Computer

      Other

    • Determining the busiest time of the day

    • Establishing categories


Real world example a company using time study2
Real World Example ACompany Using Time Study

Cooper Hospital/University Medical Center

  • Discoveries

    • Majority of calls were for appointments

    • Many calls from outside sources for job verification


Results continued
Results Continued…..

  • Implementations

    • New systems

    • New positions

    • Improving service and costs


Motion and time study problem
Motion and Time Study Problem

  • There is a group of students stuffing envelopes. They have to put three different color-coded pages in the envelopes(red, white, orange).



Motion and time study problem2
Motion and Time Study Problem

  • Compute the standard time

  • Compute number of envelopes stuffed in one hour


Solution
Solution

  • To compute the standard time

    Adjust the normal cycle with an allowance factor of 10 percent

    ST= (NT)(1-AF)

    = (.1189)(1-.10)

    =.1070 min

    To compute number of envelopes in one hour

    60 min/.1070min/envelope= 560 envelopes an hour


Summary of presentation
Summary of Presentation

  • This presentation looks at Motion and Time Study as a method to reduce costs and increase productivity.

  • The history of Motion and Time Study

  • Details of Motion and Time Study


Summary of presentation1
Summary of Presentation

  • Reasons to implement Motion and Time Study in your organization

  • The use of Motion and Time Study at Cooper Hospital/University Center

  • An Exercise


Reading list
Reading List

  • Aharonson-Daniel, L.; Fung, H.;Hedley, A.J., Time studies in A&E departments- a useful tool for management, Journal of Management in Medicine, Hong Kong. 1996. Vol. 10, Issue 3.

  • Anonymous, Program boosts efficiency of time-&-motion studies, Plastics Engineering, Brookfield Center. April 2002. Vol. 58, Issue 4.

  • Barnes, Ralph Mosser, Motion and Time Study, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Los Angeles,CA.1980.

  • Dossett, Royal J., Work-measured labor standards- The state of the art, Industrial Engineering, Norcross. April 1995. Vol. 27, Issue 4.

  • Hayes, John R., Memo busters, Forbes, New York. April 1995. Vol. 155, Issue 9.


Reading list continued
Reading List Continued….

  • Koepfer, Chris, Automating time studies, Modern Machine Shop, Cincinnati. September 2002. Vol. 75, Issue 4.

  • Niebel, Benjamin W., Motion and Time Study, Richard D. Irwin, Inc., Homewood, Ill. 1988.

  • Russell, Roberta S.; Taylor, Bernard W., Operations Management, Prentice Hall Inc., Upper Saddle River, NJ.2003.

  • Stevens, Larry, Time Study Prompts New HR Efficiencies, Personnel Journal, Santa Monica. April 1994. Vol. 73, Issue 4.