Emotion. The experience of feelings Can activate and affect behavior but it is more difficult to predict the behavior prompted by a motivation. Fear Surprise Sadness Disgust. Anger Anticipation Joy Acceptance. Basic Emotions. Plutchik proposed that there are eight basic emotions.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Emotions are a mix of 1) physiological activation, 2) expressive behaviors, and 3) conscious experience.
William James and Carl Lange proposed an idea that was diametrically opposed to the common-sense view. The James-Lange Theory proposes that physiological activity precedes the emotional experience.
Body = emotion
“Without the bodily states following on the perception, the latter would be purely cognitive in form; pale, colorless, destitute of emotional warmth. We might then see the bear, and judge it best to run... But we should not actually feel afraid.” (William James, 1890)
James, 1890, v. 2, p. 449 (Gleitman)
High spinal cord injury:
“Sometimes I act angry... But it doesn’t have the heat to it that it used to. It’s a mental kind of anger.”
Hohman, 1966, pp. 150-151 (Carlson)
“I feel as if I’m angry or afraid”
Walter Cannon and Phillip Bard questioned the James-Lange Theory and proposed that an emotion-triggering stimulus and the body's arousal take place simultaneously.
Stanley Schachter and Jerome Singer proposed yet another theory which suggests our physiology and cognitions create emotions. Emotions have two factors–physical arousal and cognitive label.
(didn’t take pill)
An arousal response to one event spills over into our response to the next event. Spill over effect
AP Photo/ Nati Harnik
Arousal from a soccer match can fuel anger, which may lead to rioting.
Arousal fuels emotion, cognition channels it.
Can we change our emotions by changing our thinking?Cognition and Emotion