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eLearning

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  1. eLearning Prof.Dr. Srisakdi CharmonmanCEO of the College of Internet Distance Education of Assumption University charm@ksc.au.edu www.charm.au.edu Keynote address, Training for “eLearning”,Srisakdi Charmonman IT Center, Assumption University Suvarnabhumi Campus, January 18, 2008

  2. eLearning. • Introduction. • Five Generations of Distance Education. • Sloan Foundation eLearning Report 2005. • Sloan Foundation eLearning Report 2006. • Sample eLearning Laws. 2

  3. eLearning. • Case Study at Assumption University. • Sample eLearning Policies. • Concluding Remarks. 3

  4. 1. Introduction. 1.1 Definitions of eLearning by Sloan. 1.2 US Universities with eLearning Degrees. 4

  5. Introduction (Cont.) • Online education or “eLearning” is gaining • more and more popularity all over the world. • University level:no field of study where eLearning is not used. • Short courses and training level:formal academic institutions, learnedsocieties and companies are providing eLearning. 5

  6. Introduction (Cont.) K12: State of Michigan passed the first law in the world requiring eLearning in high schools. 450,000 students to take eLearning. Other states may pass similar law. 6

  7. Introduction (Cont.) • Time Magazine: By the year 2020,eLearning will be the mainstream and classroom learning the supporting part. • All countries have established or are in the process of establishing eLearning programs. 7

  8. Introduction (Cont.) • In the year 1999, Jones International University became the first virtual university to be fully accredited. • The University of Phoenix is the university to have the highest net profit. In 2005, Phoenix revenue was 2.251 US$ billion and net profit of 444 US$ million (about 17,000 million baht). 8

  9. Introduction (Cont.) • Capella University is the first virtualuniversity to enter Nasdaq. • On 25 April 2002, the Board of Trustees of Assumption University approved the proposal by the author to establish the College of Internet Distance Education (CIDE) with the author as Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer (CEO). 9

  10. Introduction (Cont.) • The College is located at Srisakdi Charmonman IT Center with 12 floors, 12,000 square meters, and about 15 US$ million. • As of January 2008, CIDE of AU offers:- MS in Management. - MS in Information and Communication Technology.- Ph.D. in eLearning Methodology. 10

  11. Srisakdi Charmonman IT Center 11

  12. Searching Google for “Ph.D. in eLearning Methodology” 12

  13. Searching Google for “Ph.D. in eLearning Methodology” • Found 7 entries on the first page about Assumption University “Ph.D. in eLearning Methodology”. • AU Ph.D. in eLearning Methodology is the first and only such Ph.D. in the world. 13

  14. Introduction (Cont.) • To promote eLearning in Thailand, the author includes the subject in the one-hour radio and TV programs:- FM 92.5 and AM 891 every Tuesday 10.10-11.00am.- AM 819 every Monday 2.10-3.00pm.- UBC 89 TV every Sunday 12.00 noon-1.00pm. 14

  15. Introduction (Cont.) • July 2006, the International Biographical Centre in Cambridge, England named Prof.Dr. Srisakdi Charmonman“The Father of Thai E-Learning” 15

  16. The Father of Thai E-Learning by the International Biographical Center. 16

  17. Searching for “e-Learning” provides 20,600,000 entries 17

  18. About 450 Million Internet Hosts in the Year 2007 18

  19. World Internet Usage and Population Statistics. 19

  20. World Internet Usage and Population Statistics (Cont.) 20

  21. World Internet Usage. • Over 1.2 billion Internet users, 18.9% of world population. • Largest penetration rate of 70.2%in North America, 234 million users from 334 millions population. • Largest number of Internet users is in Asia, 459 million users from 3.7 billion population, (but only 12.4% of the population which is far less than 70.2% in North America.) 21

  22. 1.1 Definitions of eLearning by Sloan. • There are many definitions of eLearning. • Searching for “define: elearning”from Google, 6 sources were founded. 22

  23. Searching for “define: elearning” 6 sources were found. 23

  24. Definitions of eLearning by Sloan. • From <en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eleaarning>,“E-learning most often means an approach to facilitate and enhance learning through the use of devices based on computer and communications technology”. 24

  25. Definitions of eLearning (Cont.) • From www.conferzone.com/resource/glossaryop.html,“Online Learning” is the same as “eLearning”. • From www.intelera.com/glossary.html, “Online Learning” has the same meaning as “eLearning”. 25

  26. Definitions of eLearning (Cont.) • Another important definition of eLearning was given in the report by Sloan Consortium “Growing by Degrees: Online Education the United States, 2005”released in November 2005. 26

  27. Definitions of eLearning (Cont.) • Four types of learning.1) Traditional Learning. 2) Web Facilitated Learning.3) Blended/Hybrid Learning. 4) Online Learning or eLearning. 27

  28. Four Types of Distance Education. 1) Traditional Learning: 0% OnlineCourse with no online technology used. Content is delivered in writing or orally. 28

  29. Four Types (Cont.) 2) Web Facilitated Learning: 1 - 29% OnlineCourse which uses web-based technology to facilitate what is essentially a face-to-face course. Uses a Course Management System (CMS) or web pages to post the syllabus and assignments. 29

  30. Four Types (Cont.) 3) Blended/ Hybrid Learning: 30 to 79% OnlineCourse that blends online and face-to-face delivery. Substantial proportion of the content is delivered online.Typically uses online discussions, and typically has some face-to-face meetings. 30

  31. Four Types (Cont.) 4) Online or eLearning: 80 - 100%OnlineCourse where most of all of the content is delivered online. Typically no face-to-face meetings in the traditional sense (May use webcam or VDO conference). 31

  32. 1.2 US Universities with eLearning Degrees. • The university with the largest number of eLearning students is Phoenix with more than 140,000 students. • Phoenix made about 150 US$ million net profit per year. • Baker College has the second largest enrollment of about 101,000 students. 32

  33. Sample US Universities Offering eLearning Courses. 33

  34. Sample US Universities Offering eLearning Courses (Cont.) 34

  35. Searching for “US Universities eLearning Statistics” 35

  36. US Universities with eLearning Programs. 36

  37. 2. Five Generations of Distance Education. • First generation: “The Correspondence Model” • Second generation: “The Multimedia Model” • Third generation: “The Telelearning Model” • Fourth Generation: “The Web-based Learning Model” • Fifth Generation: “The Internet Distance Education Model” 37

  38. First Generation of Distance Education. • First Generation • The Correspondence Model • Print. • Poster mail. 38

  39. First Generation (Cont.) The first generation: • Started in the late 1800’s and early 1900’s • Known as “correspondence study” using postal mail. • The students and instructors communicated through writing and postal mail. 39

  40. First Generation (Cont.) In the early 1900’s • Baltimore’s Calvert School was the first elementary school to offer correspondence study. • University of Chicago was the first university to offer correspondence study. 40

  41. First Generation (Cont.) • As a matter of fact, correspondence study can be offered through the Internet by using email instead of the postal mail which is referred to as“snail mail”to indicate its slow speed comparing to the Internet. 41

  42. The Second Generation of Distance Education. • Second Generation • The Multimedia Model • Print. • Audiotape. • Videotape. • Computer-based learning, e.g. - CML (Computer-Managed Learning)- CAL (Computer-Assisted Learning) • Interactive video (disk and tape). 42

  43. Second Generation (Cont.) The second generation: • Called the “Open Universities”which started in 1970’s. • The British Open University delivered the course information via radioand television. • The philosophy of “anyone, anytime, anywhere” was adopted by open universities. 43

  44. Second Generation (Cont.) • Any person may enroll in courses without regarding to prior experience or education. • A student can begin and complete a course without time restrictions. • Coursework and study is done anywhere the student chooses. 44

  45. Third Generation of Distance Education. • Third Generation • The Telelearning Model • Audioteleconferencing. • Videoconferencing. • Audiographic Communication. • Broadcast TV/Radio and Audioteleconferencing. 45

  46. Third Generation (Cont.) • Started in 1980’s with videotape, broadcast, satellite, and cable. • Large organizations like the US Department of Defense invested large sum of money to set up satellite network for training purposes. 46

  47. Third Generation (Cont.) • In 1981,Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) Adult Learning Service (ALS) joined with 190 public television stations and about 2,000 colleges to offer over 80 telecourses for credit with enrollment of over 470,000 students. • In 2005, PBS dropped out of the project. 47

  48. Third Generation (Cont.) • In addition to telecourses for college degree, ALS also offers more than 1,000 hours of satellite programming for professional development, adult literacy and other distance learning topics. 48

  49. Fourth Generation of Distance Education. • Fourth Generation • The Web-based Learning Model • Interactive multimedia (IMM). • Internet-based access to WWW resources. • Computer-mediated communication. 49

  50. Fourth Generation (Cont.) • The fourth generation: is “Web-based” or through the Internet. • Providing instructions via the World Wide Web. • Business travelers and students in isolated areas can enjoy interactive classrooms no matter where they are and what time it is. 50