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Commercial Vehicle Drivers Hours of Service. Module 1: Overview. © Microsoft® . What if there were no rules limiting how many hours a driver could drive a commercial vehicle? What would happen to the commercial vehicle driver? What affect would it have on highway safety? .

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Presentation Transcript
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© Microsoft®

  • What if there were no rules limiting how many hours a driver could drive a commercial vehicle?
  • What would happen to the commercial vehicle driver?
  • What affect would it have on highway safety?

Module 1 -

what will i learn in this module
What will I learn in this module?
  • History and reasons for Hours of Service legislation
  • How the human body clock affects fatigue
  • How to identify driver fatigue
  • How to avoid sleep debt

© Microsoft®

Module 1 -

why do we need hours of service legislation
Why do we need Hours of Service legislation?
  • Rules that commercial vehicle drivers follow in Canada
  • Maximum allowable driving times and minimum required off-duty times
  • Until recently, rules were not based on sleep and fatigue research

Module 1 -

fatigue and alertness study
Fatigue and Alertness Study
  • 1989 - 1996
  • $6 million study
  • Driving long hours, day after day, results in serious fatigue caused by “sleep debt”
  • Fatigue leads to commercial vehicle collisions

Module 1 -

what is fatigue
What is fatigue?
  • Need adequate sleep to combat fatigue
  • Need to change Hours of Service regulations to allow opportunities for additional sleep
  • 10 years of consultations to make changes to regulations

© Microsoft®

Module 1 -

what is fatigue1
What is fatigue?
  • Caused by work, exertion or stress for long periods of time
  • People contribute to their fatigue by simply being awake
  • People become tired and drowsy
  • Increased chance of microsleep

© Microsoft®

Module 1 -

how does the human body clock affect fatigue
How does the human body clock affect fatigue?
  • Body clock tells body processes when to have peaks & low points
  • Example:
    • Midnight to dawn, clock tells body to lower body temperature, slow heart rate, lower blood pressure
    • Body makes these changes whether we are asleep or awake!

Module 1 -

how does the human body clock affect fatigue1
How does the human body clock affect fatigue?
  • Disrupting the clock can lead to a lack of sleep and increase in fatigue
  • Low points = increase in fatigue-related accidents

© Microsoft®

Module 1 -

what are the symptoms of fatigue
What are the symptoms of fatigue?
  • Decreased judgment
  • Decreased decision-making ability
  • Diminished memory, reaction time, concentration
  • Worsened mood

Module 1 -

how can i avoid sleep debt
How can I avoid sleep debt?
  • Only way to combat fatigue is sleep
  • Average person needs 6 - 8 hours of sleep per day
  • People who do not get sufficient daily sleep build a “sleep debt”
  • As sleep debt increases, people become less alert and drowsier

Module 1 -

how can i avoid sleep debt1
How can I avoid sleep debt?
  • Take 20 – 30 minute naps
  • Sleep for a longer period of time
  • Relax so the you have a deeper sleep

© Microsoft®

Module 1 -

hours of service regulations
Hours of Service Regulations
  • January 1, 2007
  • Changes give commercial vehicle drivers opportunity to obtain adequate sleep
  • Changes are consistent with research on fatigue, human body clock and sleep debt

© Microsoft®

Module 1 -