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CHAPTER 9 INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM. Structure and Function. Integumentary system is composed of the skin and accessory structures Functions of the integumentary system Protects the other body systems from injury and infection

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chapter 9 integumentary system

CHAPTER 9INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

structure and function
Structure and Function
  • Integumentary system is composed of the skin and accessory structures
  • Functions of the integumentary system
    • Protects the other body systems from injury and infection
    • Helps the body maintain homeostasis by regulating temperature, retaining body fluids, and eliminating wastes

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

figure 9 1 skin structures
Figure 9-1 Skin Structures

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

slide4
Skin
  • The largest organ of the body
  • Varies in thickness from 1/50 inch (0.5 mm) in the eyelids to 1/4 inch (6.3 mm) in the soles of the feet
  • Changes in the skin often indicate the presence of other body system disorders including anemia, respiratory disorders, liver disorders, cancer, and shock

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

layers of skin
Layers of Skin
  • Epidermis
    • Outermost layer of the skin that is composed of a surface of dead cells with an underlying layer of living cells
  • Dermis
    • Called the “true” skin; the dermis contains the blood vessels and nerves

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

hair and hair follicles
Hair and Hair Follicles
  • Skin has hair in all areas except the soles of the feet and palms of the hands
  • Hair serves to block foreign particles from entering the body through structures such as the nose and eyes
  • The visible portion is called the shaft
  • The hair follicle is the root with its covering

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

glands
Glands
  • Three types of glands in the skin
    • Sebaceous glands (oil)
    • Sudoriferous glands (sweat)
    • Ceruminous glands
  • Function is to help regulate the body temperature and excrete body wastes

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

disorders of the integumentary system
Disorders of the Integumentary System
  • Acne vulgaris

– Caused by increased secretion of oil related to increased hormones during puberty

  • Albinism

– Inherited disorder in which melanin is not produced

  • Alopecia

– Baldness

  • Athlete’s foot

– Contagious fungal infection of the foot

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

disorders of the integumentary system continued
Disorders of the Integumentary System (continued)
  • Cellulitis

– Bacterial infection of the dermis and subcutaneous layer of the skin

  • Chloasma

– Patchy discoloration of the face

  • Cleft lip or cleft palate

– Upper lip has a cleft where the nasal palate doesn’t meet properly

  • Contact dermatitis

– Allergic reaction that may occur after initial contact or as an acquired response

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

disorders of the integumentary system continued10
Disorders of the Integumentary System (continued)
  • Dandruff

– White flakes of dead skin cells from the scalp

  • Decubitus ulcers

– Sores or areas of inflammation that occur over bony prominences of the body

  • Eczema

– Group of disorders caused by allergic or irritant reactions

  • Fungal skin infections

– Skin infections that live on dead outer surface or epidermis

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

disorders of the integumentary system continued11
Disorders of the Integumentary System (continued)
  • Furuncle

– Boil, or bacterial infection of a hair follicle

  • Hirsutism

– Abnormal amount of hair growth in unusual places

  • Impetigo

– Very contagious bacterial skin infection that occurs most often in children

  • Kaposi’s sarcoma

– Form of cancer that originates in blood vessels and spreads to skin

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

disorders of the integumentary system continued12
Disorders of the Integumentary System (continued)
  • Lupus

– Benign dermatitis or chronic systemic disorder

  • Psoriasis

– Chronic skin disorder in which too many epidermal cells are produced

  • Rashes

– May result from viral infection, especially in children

  • Scleroderma

– Rare autoimmune disorder that affects blood vessels and connective tissues of the skin

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

disorders of the integumentary system continued13
Disorders of the Integumentary System (continued)
  • Skin cancer

– Three forms are basal, squamous, and melanoma

  • Skin lesions

– Differ in texture, color, location, and rate of growth

  • Streptococcus

– Nonmotile bacteria that affect many parts of the body

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

disorders of the integumentary system continued14
Disorders of the Integumentary System (continued)
  • Vitiligo

– Condition that causes loss of pigment in the skin

  • Wart

– Papule caused by a viral infection

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

issues and innovations
Issues and Innovations
  • Skin and hair care

– Skin care products include soap, astringents, and cosmetics

– Ways to remove hair include wax, depilatory creams, and electrolysis

• Sun and skin cancer

– Damage by ultraviolet rays

– Types of skin cancer

Copyright 2003 by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.