Building an Empire. Imperialism. Imperialism - Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations – economically, politically or militarily. (Expansionism). Justification of Imperialism. Social Darwinism – the nation’s with the best technology will survive
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Imperialism- Stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations – economically, politically or militarily. (Expansionism)
Social Darwinism – the nation’s with the best technology will survive
‘White Man’s Burden’- wealthy “advanced” nations have a duty to civilize and Christianize “backward” people
Achieve Military and Political “Glory”
Citizens are encouraging expansion
By the 1890’s populated with U.S. planters and missionaries. At the request of U.S. citizens, U.S. Marines overthrow Queen Lili (Liliuokalani). She fails to restore Hawaiian control.
Secretary of State William Seward bought Alaska for $7 million from Russia
Yellow journalism- Hearst and Pulitzer encourage the war with news stories
In 1895 Cubans revolt against harsh conditions especially on sugar plantations. Spanish move Cubans into prison camps.
DeLome letter – insults Pres. McKinley (weak)
Teller Amendment – 1898 U.S. will not control Cuba
Cuba becomes a ‘protectorate’
A new constitution is written includes:
Platt amendment –
US has the right to send/return troops (military intervention)
Cuba can not make agreements with foreign countries endangering its independence
US gets Guantanamo Bay
Emilio Aquinaldo – leader of the Philippines independence movement
Insurrection: Aquinaldo had been supported by the U.S. against Spain now rebels against the USA.
3 years to end the insurrection
Philippines under U.S. control until 1946
China 1899 Sec of State John Hay asks for an “Open Door Policy” access for all countries to trade in China
1900 U.S. sends troops to put down Boxer Rebellion
Asia 1905 TR mediates treaty to end the Russian Japanese War – TR wins a Nobel Peace Prize
Great White Fleet – TR sends 16 battleships around the world as a sign of power and force
An addition to the Monroe Doctrine
TR tells Europe to stay out of the Western Hemisphere – U.S. will be the police force & will aid Latin American countries if trouble
“Walk softly and carry a Big Stick”
Seen as a bully by Latin America