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Light-duty vehicles (LDVs). 44% growth in light duty vehicle sales expected 2000 – 2020 67% of production in OECD Trade – $435 billion in 2003 Highly concentrated – Top ten companies account for 74% of production High product differentiation. LDV emissions.

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light duty vehicles ldvs
Light-duty vehicles (LDVs)
  • 44% growth in light duty vehicle sales expected 2000–2020
  • 67% of production in OECD
  • Trade –$435 billion in 2003
  • Highly concentrated –Top ten companies account for 74% of production
  • High product differentiation
ldv emissions
LDV emissions
  • Single technology platform (internal combustion engine) inherently inefficient: only 15% of energy is captured
  • LDVs – 6.7% of total anthropogenic GHG emissions (total road transport = 11.3%)
  • 30% growth in LDV emissions expected 2000–2020
  • Theuseof automobiles accounts for 90% of their emissions
  • Emissions intensities vary considerably by region: 230–400 gCO2/km
well to wheels ghg emissions intensity of automobile stock by region
Well-to-wheels GHG emissions intensity of automobile stock by region

Source: World Business Council for Sustainable Development, Sustainable Mobility Project

slide4
Hypothetical potential of individual technologies to lower road transport Well-to-Wheels CO2 emissions relative to the reference case

Source: Mobility 2030, Figure 4.7