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Business Analysis…. …methods, fads and fashions Guy Beauchamp Business Analyst Solutions Stand 63. 1. make the case for undertaking Business Analysis. The Top 6 Reasons Projects Fail. The Standish Group “Chaos Report” (1994) 365 executive managers 8,380 applications

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Business analysis l.jpg

Business Analysis…

…methods, fads and fashions

Guy Beauchamp

Business Analyst Solutions

Stand 63


Slide2 l.jpg

1. make the case for undertaking Business Analysis

The Top 6 Reasons Projects Fail

  • The Standish Group “Chaos Report” (1994)

  • 365 executive managers

  • 8,380 applications

  • all major industry segments including: banking, retail and wholesale.

Some of the contents of this slide were taken from www.it-cortex.com


Business analysis proverbs l.jpg

1. make the case for undertaking Business Analysis

Business Analysis Proverbs

  • Delivery is not the best time to analyse requirements

    Urban Wisdom

  • A factor present in every successful project and absent in every unsuccessful project is sufficient attention to requirements.

    • Suzanne & James Robertson

    • Requirements-Led Project Management


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1. make the case for undertaking Business Analysis

What is “sufficient attention to requirements”?

(I)

Average actual effort spent on each stage of the development cycle*

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

Requirements

Analysis

Design

Code/test

*based on a study by Staffordshire University


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1. make the case for undertaking Business Analysis

What is “sufficient attention to requirements”?

(II)

Average Proportion of Errors Built in During Development*

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

0

Requirements

Analysis

Code/test

Design

*based on a study by James Martin


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1. make the case for undertaking Business Analysis

What is “sufficient attention to requirements”?

(III)

Relative Cost of Correcting Requirements Errors*

*sourced from Barry Boehm


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1. make the case for undertaking Business Analysis

How Much Poor Analysis can £Cost*

  • Half of all bugs can be traced to requirement errors

  • fixing these errors consumes 75% of project rework costs

  • CONTRIBUTING TO:

  • The average project exceeds its planned schedule by 120%

  • 52.7% of projects will cost 189% of their original estimate

  • Only 16.2% of projects will be completed on time & on budget

  • 30% of projects are cancelled before completion

*Source: Calculating your return on investment from more effective requirements management IBM article Dec 2003


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1. make the case for undertaking Business Analysis

Summary

The typical project…

…expends least effort on analysis…

…which is where most errors originate…

…and whose errors cost most to fix!


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2. debunk Business Analysis

Definition of terms for Business AnalysisBusiness: <whatever> Analysis:“the process of breaking a concept down into more simple parts, so that its logical structure is displayed” (OED)a: an examination of a complex, its elements, and their relations b: a statement of such an analysis (Merriam Webster)


Scope of analysis of change l.jpg

2. debunk Business Analysis

Scope of analysis of change

  • ANALYSIS of change requirements

    • Process

    • Organisation

    • Location

    • Data

    • Application

    • Technology

    • Non-functional


Chain of reasoning l.jpg

2. debunk Business Analysis

Chain Of Reasoning

Requirements must be assumed to be wrong until they are provedto be right


Links in the chain of reasoning l.jpg

Key

Many

One

2. debunk Business Analysis

-Links-in-the-Chain-Of-Reasoning-

Driver

Addressed by

Vision

Deliverable

Achieved as

measured by

Contributes to

Objective

Benefit

Delivered through

Delivered by

Requirement

Requirement

Benefit

Delivers

Enforces

Business Rule

Requirement

Business Rule

Enforces


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3. make the case for a pragmatic and practical analysis of business changes

When & Where are Business Analysts involved and how do they help?

There is a chain of reasoning that leads from the statement of a problem to the implementation of solutions…

…involving up to 10 groups of people…

Owners

defines measures of success and £targets

…Business Analysts confirm & document

£Money!

Strategists

determine the strategy to hit the targets

…Business Analysts help do market research, create strategy, challenge & document

Sponsors

establish a Programme that delivers the strategy

…Business Analysts document Programme TOR and build the Business Case

Programme Managers

Institute Projects that implement the programme

…Business Analysts document the Project TOR

Project Stakeholders

…Business Analysts specifyrequirements for Projects (in the Business Model)

Design Analysts

designsolution that satisfies the requirements

…Business Analysts protect requirements & document compromises

Solution Builders

buildsolution

…Business Analysts protect requirements & document compromises

Solution Builders &Business

testsolution

…Business Analysts ensure tested against requirements

  • Project managers

  • Implementsolution

  • …Business Analysts help with

  • Process and data migration

  • Cutover planning

  • Rollout

  • Users

  • Acceptsolution

  • …Business Analysts help with

  • £MEASURING £BENEFITS £REALISATION

POST-IMPLEMENTATION

Business Analysts feed back to the Owner how well their measure of success has been achieved


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3. make the case for a pragmatic and practical analysis of business changes

If…

If you can map all your analysis to components in

the Chain of Reasoning

If there are no gaps AND no breaks in the chain

If those who can kill your project agree with your

analysis

Then your analysis is correct and what’s more you are a Business Analyst my son.

Sorry Rudyard!


And finally the secrets of doing business analysis l.jpg
…and finally… business changesthe secrets of doing Business Analysis

  • Agree the analysis method and approach you will use

  • Get some trained Business Analysts

  • Plan how, when and who to do the analysis

  • Do the analysis

  • Use the analysis products to develop and implement the solutions

  • Er – that’s it.


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Design the business changes

B.A. Function

Recruit the

B.A. Function

Train the B.A.

Function

Equip the

B.A. Function

Monitor and

Support the

BA Function

So – Business Analysis is needed…

…what next?

There are a number of steps to take to establish an operational Business Analysis function:


How can ba solutions help l.jpg
How can business changesBA Solutionshelp?

  • Design of the Business Analysis function

    • Terms of reference

    • Business Analyst Profile

Design the

B.A. Function

  • Recruitment of permanent and contract analysts

    • Source candidates internally and externally

    • Qualify CVs

    • Interview – conduct them or just assist with them

    • Assessment centres

    • Manage contracted analysts placed by BAS

Recruit the

B.A. Function

  • Training courses for analysts

    • Fundamentals of Business Analysis

    • Process Modeling

    • Data Modeling

    • Introduction to Testing

    • BPMN

    • ISEB accreditation

    • Essential Skills for Business Analysts

      • Workshop Facilitation

      • Conflict resolution

      • Strategic Thinking

Train the B.A.

Function

  • CASE tool recommendation - independent

    • Assessment of requirements

    • Recommendations and benefits assessment

Equip the

B.A. Function

  • Monitor and Support for analysts

    • Phone and email post training

    • Refresher training

    • Mentoring

    • Q/A reviews of analysis deliverables

Monitor and

Support the

BA Function


Who are ba solutions l.jpg
Who Are business changesBA Solutions?

  • BAS are highly experienced Business Analysts

  • We have extensive practical experience in a wide range of industry sectors including retail, banking, utilities, software houses

  • We have worked in IT departments and within Businesses at every level from Majority Shareholder/Owner to Managing Director to shop floor workers – average satisfaction score for delivered services is 92%!

    (Source: Client feedback forms)

    …and what is the BA Solutions mission?

    To support the whole Business Analyst ‘life cycle’ and provide whatever services clients need in order to set up and run a Business Analyst function.


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BA Solutions business changesJust some of our Clients…

Christian Aid

D S Data Training Ltd

Diligenta Ltd

Hewitts Ltd

HSBC

KPMG

Littlewoods Shop Direct Group Plc

Network Rail

Norwich Union

O2

Otto Plc

Scottish Water

Suffolk County Council

The Law Society

Transport For London

Zurich International Solutions Ltd


Thank you for your time if you would like to discuss anything further please contact ba solutions l.jpg
Thank you for your time. business changesIf you would like to discuss anything further, please contact BA Solutions

web: www.BusinessAnalystSolutions.com

mail: Guy@BA-Solutions.co.uk

phone: 0845 166 2161

address: 6 Mickle Gate,

Peterborough, PE3 6SU


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-end- business changes