using conceptual models to show how we think biodiversity is lost and how it can be conserved l.
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Using conceptual models to show how we think biodiversity is lost and how it can be conserved. Living Landscapes Program. Seeing your project clearly. Conservation Target. Threats. Interventions. Conceptual Model. Threat (Indirect). Threat (Direct). Intervention. Conservation Target.

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Presentation Transcript
seeing your project clearly
Seeing your project clearly

ConservationTarget

Threats

Interventions

conceptual model
Conceptual Model

Threat (Indirect)

Threat (Direct)

Intervention

Conservation Target

Threat (Direct)

Intervention

Goal

Threat (Direct)

Intervention

Conservation Target

Threat (Indirect)

Intervention

Threat (Direct)

Threat (Indirect)

different terms
Different terms

Barrier (Indirect)

Barrier (Direct)

Opportunity

Target

Barrier (Direct)

Opportunity

Goal

Barrier (Direct)

Opportunity

Target

Barrier (Indirect)

Opportunity

Barrier (Direct)

Barrier (Indirect)

comparision to logframes
Comparision to logframes

GOAL

COMPONENT

OUTPUT

ACTIVTTY

OUTPUT

ACTIVTTY

OUTPUT

OUTPUT

Source: A guide for project M&E, IFAD

slide7
Goal

Goal

Preserve ecosystem function and viable populations of all wildlife in the Apolobamba region

Goal

Conserve wildlife and their habitat in the Mamiraua landscape over the long-term

Goal

Conserve biodiversity in Belize’s mangrove forests

conservation targets
Conservation Targets

Desired State

Forest habitat within the park remains unfragmented

ConservationTarget

Forest habitat within the park

Desired State

The density of jaguar recovers to levels comparable to Cockscomb, Belize

ConservationTarget

Jaguar

Desired State

Viable populations of black howlers are conserved across the Peten

ConservationTarget

Black howlers

roles of targets
Roles of targets
  • They focus our conservation planning
  • Targets are proxies for all the flora, fauna and ecological functions within a landscape
  • Conservation of a target or suite of targets should ensure that you reach your conservation goal
    • If not then you may need additional targets
important attributes
Important attributes
  • Area demanding
  • Functional role
  • Threatened by human activities
  • Charismatic
  • Can be monitored directly or indirectly
direct threat
Direct Threat

Habitat Loss

Population depletion

Pollution

Invasion of exotic species

Actor

Multi-national firm

Threat (Direct)

Unsustainable logging

Actor

Local zoning board

Threat (Direct)

Housing development

Actor

Energy Ministry

Threat (Direct)

Oil spill

Threat (Direct)

Expansion of water lily

Actor

Park service

Actor

Non-local market hunters

Threat (Direct)

Unsustainable hunting

indirect threat
Indirect Threat

Management Capacity

Awareness and interest

Policies, laws, regulations

Actor

District Council

Threat (Indirect)

No zoning regulations

Actor

Protected Area Managers

Threat (Indirect)

Management needs of wildlife unknown

Actor

Fish and Wildlife Police

Threat (Indirect)

Inadequate law enforcement

Actor

Lower House of Parliament

Threat (Indirect)

Policy promotes road building

Actor

Ministry of Environment Staff

Threat (Indirect)

Conservation impacts unknown

interventions
Interventions

Protected areas

Resource management

Law and policy

Knowledge and awareness

Incentives

Capacity building

Actor

Ecoguards

Intervention

Law enforcement

Actor

NGO & Local community

Intervention

Land mapping & zoning

Actor

NGO

Intervention

Applied research

Actor

Ministry staff

Intervention

Policy reform

Actor

Govt staff & NGO

Intervention

Staff training

Actor

Ranch owner

Intervention

Fence repair

prioritizing interventions
Prioritizing interventions
  • Strengths and weaknesses of your own organization
  • Role of other organizations and actors
  • Authority to take action
  • Severity of direct threats
  • Sufficient to effect change
process
Process

Threat (Direct)

ConservationTarget

Threat (Indirect)

Threat (Direct)

Goal

Threat (Direct)

ConservationTarget

Threat (Indirect)

Threat (Direct)

ConservationTarget

Threat (Indirect)

process18
Process

Threat (Direct)

ConservationTarget

Threat (Indirect)

Threat (Direct)

Intervention

Goal

Threat (Direct)

ConservationTarget

Intervention

Threat (Indirect)

Intervention

Threat (Direct)

ConservationTarget

Threat (Indirect)

Intervention

conceptual model19
Conceptual model

Threat (Direct)

Dieoffs from oil pollution

Intervention

Info to oil watch

ConservationTarget

Giant otter

Intervention

FCUNAE training

Intervention

Gov. capacity

Threat (Indirect)

Lack of planning skills

Threat (Direct)

Unsustainable fishing

Threat (Indirect)

Weak mgmt capacity

Threat (Indirect)

Park borders not enforced

Goal

Conserve wildlife and their habitat in the Putumayo landscape over the long term

Threat (Direct)

Unsustainable hunting

Threat (Indirect)

Lack of planning info

ConservationTarget

White-lipped peccary

Threat (Indirect)

Insecure land tenure

Threat (Indirect)

Anarchic colonization

Threat (Direct)

Farming and Ranching

Intervention

Research on wildlife

Intervention

Monitor land use

ConservationTarget

Native landcover

Intervention

Land titling

Threat (Direct)

Logging

divide and simplify
Divide and simplify

Threat (Indirect)

Threat (Direct)

Intervention

Conservation Target

Goal

Threat (Direct)

Intervention

Threat (Direct)

Intervention

Conservation Target

Goal

Threat (Indirect)

Intervention

Threat (Direct)

Threat (Indirect)

working group instructions
Working group instructions

Steps

  • 2:30 hrs conceptual model building
    • Overview of project – 10 minutes
    • Goal – 15 minutes
    • Conservation targets – 40 minutes
    • Direct and Indirect threats – 40 minutes
    • Causal chains & networks – 15 minutes
    • Interventions – 30 minutes
  • Attach cards to flip-chart paper or the wall
  • Take a Digital Photo!