Automized Census using HHD. THE CENSUS HISTORY IN OMAN. In December 2003, the Sultanate of Oman conducted the second population and housing census ever in its modern history.
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The rapid advancement in the area of Information Technology around the world, and ambition to provide high quality data, lead the census administration to consider the use of technology in the various aspects of the census taken. Below are some of the techniques examined:
3. Handheld Device (HHD):
Due to the relatively small population size in Oman (which is a little over 2 millions), and in order to provide timely and high quality data, HHD were selected to be used in the General Population, Housing and Establishment Census 2003.
It is an electronic device available in the market and is used as an organizer. The touch screen constitutes ¾ of the device and the buttons are used to activate application programs and to save data.
A writing and data entry device. It was used successfully in the enumeration process.
Can be used instead of the stylus to perform many operations, such as; browsing, selecting and activating icons.
A memory card for extra storage space.
Soft leather cover to protect the screen from breaking, dirt, dust and sunlight.
Similar to what is found in most cellular phones.
Several criteria were set for the selection of the appropriate device:
questions was not given.
Two devices were used, the PALM 130 and PALM 500 with a capacity of 8 MB. The first experiment focused on the following:
Three options were considered for the use of HHD:
The questions were divided across several screens, each containing a set of questions related to a certain topic, such as:
First: Rules pertaining to the appearance of the screens and questions.
Designed to organize the appearance of the relevant screens and questions either by age, nationality or gender.
SCREENS AND QUESTIONS
Warning messages will show in case of an error in the collected data item, and/or if it’s inconsistent with any of the preceding items.
The enumerator was allowed (if necessary) to skip certain questions without filling them out, in order not to delay the field work.
The following progress reports were generated on a daily basis:
Includes the total number of housing, households and individuals.
Includes several reports of the enumerators:
1. General report on the number of housing, households and individuals.
2. List of closed and unoccupied housing.
3. List of individuals’ records with missing data.
4. List of deleted housing, households and individuals
- Detailed reports on housing, households and individuals - Progress reports on incomplete and inconsistent
1. Report showing incomplete units.
2. Detailed report showing incomplete data.
3. Report containing detailed list on unmatched data, not obeying the pre-set electronic rules.
4. Report on unmatched occupation and economic activities.
Two levels of classification lists on occupation, economic activity and educational level were prepared: a short and a detailed one. This was based on the data derived from the results of the 1993 Census and the data available from other relevant sources.
In case the data item was not found in either the short or the detailed list, it was entered manually by the enumerator.
Several necessary field requirements were provided like:
This delay caused certain problems that can be summarized as follows: