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Sugar and salt

Although modern techniques often bring sugar and salt to our tables, these two simple treats for the palate are still harvested and processed in traditional, if not ancient methods the world over. Over 160 million tons of sugar is produced annually in well over 100 countries, most of it processed from cane in tropical countries. The world uses 240 million tons of salt every year in everything from food to industrial applications.

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Sugar and salt

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  1. Sugar and salt

  2. A cut stem of sugar cane stands in a field in Saraburi province, Thailand on May 9, 2012. Thailand is the world's second-biggest exporter. 

  3. Indian salt pan worker BhartibenRameshbhai breaks up the mineral from a flooded salt pan near Odu village in the Little Rann of Kutch region in India on May 1, 2013

  4. A visitor walks past the Chamber of the Mirrors in the Nemocon salt mine on September 26, 2012.

  5. Antonio Noguera boils the water extracted from mangrove swamps at a pool to process kitchen salt in a salt mine in Colorado de Abangares, Guanacaste, Costa Rica on April 11, 2013.

  6. The salt field at Palibelo village on the outskirts of Bima, Indonesia lies tranquil on November 22, 2012.

  7. A man prays in a Mosque made up of salt rock at the world's second largest salt mine in Khewra, Pakistan on April 20, 2013.

  8. Smoke rises from the chimney of the sugar factory in Plattling, Germany on October 9, 2012.

  9. An Afghan worker prepares traditional sweets at a factory on the outskirts of Jalalabad on November 25, 2012.

  10. A worker burns sugar cane waste, part of the process in making biochar, at the Eco Fuel Africa factory in Lugazi, Uganda on January 29, 2013.

  11. A man works on salt beds in Pangasinan province, Philippines on May 6, 2013. Salt-making is a major source of livelihood for the province's coastal towns. 

  12. A woman throws out soil after collecting salt from it in Djegbadji, Benin on January 11, 2013. Artisanal salt farmers here dig off the top layer of soil near their homes then filter water through the dirt to draw out salt. 

  13. Local farmers cut sugar cane at CheaKhlang commune's field in Prey Veng, Cambodia on September 1, 2012.

  14. A worker pushes a wagon full of salt at the StonSaltworks in Ston, Croatia on July 31, 2012.

  15. Guillermo Castillo, 60, works on a valve that regulates the passage of sugar cane juice at a processing plant in Jaronu, Cuba on September 8, 2012.

  16. Workers collect salt in a pool at the salt mine in Salinas, Dominican Republic on July 28, 2012. The Salinas mines have been a source of salt since the time of the conquest. Workers earn about $150 for a month's work.

  17. A worker walks in a salt field in Palibelo village, Indonesia on November 22, 2012.

  18. Men work at a sugar cane plantation in Siribala, Mali on January 24, 2013.

  19. A farmer from the Nueva Jerusalen sect rides his donkey through a sugar cane field in Nueva Jerusalen, Mexico on September 26, 2012.

  20. A woman harvests sugarcane at the Montelimar sugar mill on the outskirts of Managua on December 31, 2012. Nicaragua plans to produce some 1.5 million short tons of sugar.

  21. A man makes brown sugar at his house on the outskirts of Peshawar on November 6, 2012.

  22. Blocks of panela, solid chunks of unrefined whole cane sugar obtained from the boiling and evaporation of sugarcane juice, sit in a barrel at a sugar mill in Tepetitan, El Salvador on February 26, 2012.

  23. Pools of salt form patterns at the Maras mines in Cuzco, Peru on August 29, 2012.

  24. A worker carries a bag of salt through pools of salt at the Maras mines in Cuzco, Peru on August 29, 2012.

  25. Roads intersect at a Rio Tinto Group salt operation in Dampier, Australia on August 20, 2012.

  26. Farmers harvest sugarcane in a field in Yomitan Village, Okinawa Prefecture, Japan on February 24, 2012.

  27. A worker drinks water from a kettle as he harvests sugar cane in Sidoarjo, Indonesia on September 19, 2012.

  28. Mine operational manager Arnaud Tamborini takes a sample of salt for analysis on the trolley in the salt mine in Bex, Switzerland on December 4, 2012

  29. A man uses wooden rafts to transport pieces of salt rock after extracting them from the bed of Lake Katwe in Uganda on January 29, 2013.

  30. A man smiles as he extracts salt rock from the bed of Lake Katwe in Uganda on January 29, 2013.

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