What Breakthroughs Have Been Made in Chemistry in the Last Decade?
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What Breakthroughs Have Been Made in Chemistry in the Last Decade?

Basic science has now come to a stable period of development, compared with the development of

physics and biology, chemistry, as an independent first-level discipline, its further development

also seems to rely heavily on physical and biological cross. Two relatively new areas: the

development of computational chemistry is now heavily dependent on the speed of computer

operation, and modern biochemistry is booming while the industrialization rate is not obvious.

Thus, increasing chemistry supplier is trying to discover more applicable technologies in life

sciences research including biochemistry.

As is known, biological research is direct, which means the object can be directly referred to an

organism, a protein, a nucleic acid molecule, etc. While chemistry is more precision, accurate to a

chemical bond, an atom or even an electron. On the other hand, the biggest application of organic

chemistry is still showing its power, however, R&D of pharmaceutical industry is developing at a

relatively slow speed; biomarkers are tend to catch up with the trend. So how about the

development of chemistry in recent ten years, as well as possible future breakthrough?

When it comes to the chemical breakthrough in the biological field, following aspects could

promote the development of the entire disciplines.

1. Protein Synthesis

Chemical techniques, based on the use of amino acid synthesis of protein, can be affected by the

cost and developing speed. In fact, the synthesis on the basis of amino acids is difficult to restore

the protein’s secondary and tertiary structure but protein activity is often hidden here. The

traditional method of protein synthesis is the use of gene technology and cell culture so that the

orientation of protein expression can be realized. The mechanism is similar to that of raising

different dairy cows to produce different milk. This method has a long cycle, while the

synthesized protein range is not wide and universal. A major breakthrough in synthetic

biosynthesis can directly simplify the understanding of the protein, which in the field of biological

macromolecules to stimulate a major breakthrough in some hot chemical products.

2. Chemical Reactions in Specific Solution Environment

In terms of cells, the various locations, specific biological and chemical environment could be

different and then the chemical reaction often differs to certain specific environment. These

chemical reactions are often closely associated with anti-cancer and other biological issues. The

study of environmentally-controlled chemical reactions will allow people to understand the

biological process more profound and more accurate.

3. Macromolecular Structure Prediction

It is mainly for nano-science field. The emerging new materials in the nano-field are continuously

changing the world. 20nm technology has made silicon circuit boards to a extremely small degree;

graphene and other carbon-based materials may bring a revolution in computer science. In fact,

alfa chemicals has tried to develop more effective controllable nanomaterials for improve or even

radically change the surface properties of some chemical materials. Certainly, material large-scale

production is also one of the most important concerns in new chemistry science.

If the degree of application in mathematics can show the specific potential in chemistry, it could

reflect the extent of the development of this area. And the extent of chemical applications in a field

can indicates the distance from the field into reality.

However, it is unreasonable to use mathematics in reflecting the degree of development rate!

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