The English Renaissance: Celebrating Humanity. 1485-1625. Life in Elizabethan and Jacobean England. London expanded greatly as a city. People moved in from rural areas and from other European countries. Busy and crowded; lots of commerce, craftsmen. Strict class system.
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London expanded greatly as a city
People moved in from rural areas and from other European countries
Busy and crowded; lots of commerce, craftsmen
Strict class system
Not a clean or safe city—“The Thames was a beautiful sewer” (224) and disease and criminals ran rampant
Grew into substantial port and admired European city
Southwark: suburb known for its “vice” – theaters, gaming, prostitution, etc.
Reaction to “Dark Ages” of medieval Europe
Exploration by sea: John Cabot, 1497
New sense of nationalism prompted many to question ethics in and teachings of Church
Questioning of Papal authority and Scripture
Erasmus (Dutch) – version of New Testament
Thomas More – Utopia
Protestant Reformation sparked by Martin Luther’s 95 theses
strengthening themselves and the nation
Edward, Henry VIII’s son, rules from the ages of 9-15 (whatever; that’s like a 7th grader ruling your country)
England is on its way to becoming a Protestant nation until…
We’re back, baby!
Mary I takes throne
And I could use a drink. Make it a…hmm…
Mary rules for 5 years, and then…
Hey, I wonder if that’s where they got the name for the Elizabethan period…
The Mary Stuart problem:
(literally and figuratively)
James I (well, James VI of Scotland, but James I of England)
Hey, I wonder if that’s where they got the name for Jamestown…
Smell you later, Jimmy!
I may have divine right, but this outfit is just wrong…
Lyric over narrative poetry
Psst! Lyric poem: a short poem with one speaker (not necessarily the poet) who expresses thought and feeling.
Psst! Sonnet: 14 lines, iambic pentameter, various rhyme schemes. Word!
Many sonnets consist of 8 lines setting up one idea, 4 lines responding to that idea, and a concluding couplet at the end. Rock and roll!
I’m a poet, soldier, explorer, historian and member of the Royal Court. Phew! It’s tiring being a true Renaissance man!
Hey, I wonder if that’s where they got the name for Raleigh, NC…
Turned away from religious focus and toward classical Greek and Roman tragedies and dramas
Christopher Marlowe: First major dramatist
People say that if I’d lived past 30 I might have eclipsed Shakespeare as England’s greatest playwright! Dang!
And I might have gotten credit for stuff you wrote! Too bad, suckah!
Which is the more satisfying bacon: pioneering English author or tasty breakfast meat?
Not as popular as poetry
Sidney, Raleigh and Thomas Nashe
Sir Francis Bacon: essays, science, philosophy
King James Bible
1599: The Globe Theater opens
1603: Queen Elizabeth I dies; James I becomes King of England.
1606: Guy Fawkes executed for Gunpowder Plot
1607: Royal Colony of Jamestown established
1611: King James Bible published
1620: Pilgrims land on Plymouth Rock
1625: King James I dies.Important Dates (Cont.)