Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association BRIEF (U) 3 October 2008 UNCLASSIFIED BRIEFING - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Ava
senior army reserve commanders association brief u 3 october 2008 unclassified briefing l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association BRIEF (U) 3 October 2008 UNCLASSIFIED BRIEFING PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association BRIEF (U) 3 October 2008 UNCLASSIFIED BRIEFING

play fullscreen
1 / 27
Download Presentation
Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association BRIEF (U) 3 October 2008 UNCLASSIFIED BRIEFING
662 Views
Download Presentation

Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association BRIEF (U) 3 October 2008 UNCLASSIFIED BRIEFING

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Senior Army Reserve Commanders Association BRIEF (U)3 October 2008UNCLASSIFIED BRIEFING

  2. Objectives (U) • USCENTCOM mission and recent contributions • Contributions of the Coalition Coordination Center • Four specialized teams impacting Afghanistan solution set

  3. CENTCOM Mission (U) With national and international partners, U.S. Central Command promotes cooperation among nations, responds to crises, deters or defeats state and non-state aggression, and supports development and, when necessary, reconstruction in order to establish the conditions for regional security, stability, and prosperity.

  4. Coordination NATO Opcon Natl Cmd Command Relationships (U) President of the United States Secretary of Defense USCENTCOM Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff ARCENT MARCENT NAVCENT AFCENT SOCCENT NATO-ISAF CSTC-A Afghanistan MNF-I Iraq CJTF-101 Afghanistan MNC-I MNSTC-I

  5. CENTCOM Theater Strategy – June 2008 (U) • Vision • A region where nations recognize that improved security leads to increased stability. Cooperation between regional and international partners will help to isolate, counter, deter, or defeat state and non-state actors who use violence in pursuit of their goals. Disruptive impacts of friction caused by religious, political and social diversity can be minimized through cooperation. The potential increased economic opportunities, political freedoms, and social welfare, of mutual benefit to all parties, will help strengthen regional ties. • Objectives • Promote common interests in order to enhance • stability • Defeat Violent Extremist Organizations (VEOs) • Counter the proliferation, acquisition and use of WMD • Assist in setting the conditions that will enable • economic development and prosperity • Prepare US and partner forces to respond to • emerging challenges United States Central Command Theater Strategy 11 June 2008

  6. SYRIA IRAQ IRAN KUWAIT BAHRAIN SAUDI ARABIA QATAR OMAN YEMEN CENTCOM Area of Responsibility (U) • Imperatives • Establish security conditions that fosters regional stability • Ensure the free flow of strategic resource • Support USG initiatives to advance principled, pragmatic governance • Work with Allies and partners in pursuit of common interests AOR Sub-Regions UZBEKISTAN KAZAKHSTAN TURKMENISTAN KYRGYZSTAN LEBANON TAJIKISTAN JORDAN AFGHANISTAN PAKISTAN EGYPT U.A.E. Levant AFRICOM - Horn of Africa Arabian Peninsula Central and South Asia Choke Point SUDAN ETHIOPIA DJIBOUTI ERITREA KENYA SOMALIA

  7. Major Focus Areas (U) Expand stability, self governance, development and security in Iraq. Set conditions for security and strengthen governance in Afghanistan. Counter the proliferation of WMD. Posture the force to build and sustain joint and combined warfighting capabilities and readiness. Strengthen relationships and influence organizations and states to contribute to regional stability and the free flow of global commerce. Degrade violent extremist networks, operations, and sanctuaries with defeating al-Qaeda the priority.

  8. RUSSIA KAZAKHSTAN EUROPE UZBEKISTAN KYRGYZSTAN TURKEY TURKMENISTAN TAJIKISTAN Kurds SYRIA CHINA IRAQ Pashtuns LEBANON Sunni Shi’a AFGHANISTAN Israelis IRAN JORDAN Persians Arabs KUWAIT PAKISTAN BAHRAIN QATAR EGYPT SAUDI ARABIA UAE INDIA Arabs OMAN Africans YEMEN ERITREA DJIBOUTI SUDAN ETHIOPIA SOMALIA Chokepoints KENYA Fault lines Threads Threats and challenges recognize no boundaries Ungoverned Areas Theater Strategic Issues (U) • Chokepoints, Threads, and Fault Lines • US CENTCOM AOR is characterized by geographic chokepoints, violent extremist organizations, and cultural, ethnic, and religious schisms. • Single Greatest Threat: Two networks of malign influence

  9. IRAQ UPDATE • 12% of forces in Iraq are members of the Guard/Reserve • Full spectrum operations • Combat roles • Non combat roles • IAF • MTT • 2007 - 17% • 2006 - 20% • 2005 - 32% • 2004 - 39%

  10. NTM-I AUS SLV ROU GBR EST + + IRQ USA Iraq 1+4+1 Plan (U) • (U) Coalition reducing to 5 countries in addition to the United States based on Iraq security and “Return On Success” • (U) The Face of the Coalition Plan = 1+4+1 (4043 troops) • (U) 16 countries to support NATO Training Mission (197 troops)

  11. NTM-I AUS SLV ROU GBR EST ITA ISAF AZE CZE HRV GBR DNK EST FRA HUN ISL IRL LVA LTU LUX MKD NLD NOR NZL POL PRT ROU SGP SVK BGR COL ALB ALB AUT AUS BEL CAN CAN SVN ESP DEU GRC FIN SWE TUR UKR ARE USA GBR POL FRA NZL JOR KOR NLD ROU ARE USA The Future Composition of the Coalition (U) + + = OIF “1+4+1” COL CZE EGY OEF 11 11 Post 31 Dec 08

  12. AFGHANISTAN UPDATE (U) • 24% of forces are members of the Guard and Reserve • Full spectrum operations • Non combat roles • ANA • PRT • OMLT • Nation-Building • 2007 - 23% • 2006 - 25% • 2005 - 28% • 2004 - 26% • 2003 - 20% • How long will we be in Afghanistan?

  13. OMLT PMT PRT ETT Synchronization+Unity of Effort = Afghan Focus (U) IDLG Afghanistan National Development Strategy CSTC-A Governance ISAF NATO Development GIRoA OEF Security UNAMA ANA/ANP

  14. Afghan Small Teams = Big Impact (U) • (U) Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRT’s) • (U) Police Mentoring Teams (PMT’s) • (U) Operational Mentoring and Liaison Teams (OMLT’s) • (U) Embedded Training Teams (ETT’s) These impact players are instrumental to the solution set to enhance the government, security, and development of the Government Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (GIRoA).

  15. PRT Mission & Impact (U) MISSION: • (U) PRTs - aassist the GIRoA in the development of a secure environment to enable reconstruction efforts. • (U) Teams are joint and multinational in nature and tactically report to their nationally authority. IMPACT: • (U) Build Afghan government capacity • (U) Improve National Synchronization & Coordination • (U) Facilitate Governance & Security in remote areas Success is measured by degree of Afghan governance, not by the number of bridges, roads, schools, etc.

  16. Competing Command Authorities - PRTs (U) *Note: New C2 relationship will impact this slide WMH 26 Sep 08 NATIONAL COMMANDS SACEUR UNAMA/ IOs/NGOs Government of Afghanistan COM JFCB CENTCOM IDLG Ministers COMISAF / US CDR CSTC-A Regional Commands N, S, W, & C Regional CJTF 101 Command East TF TF TF Provincial Governors PRTs PRTs PRTs PRTs Key take away: NO UNITY OF COMMAND!

  17. PMT Overview (U) MISSION: • PMT’s train in garrison and mentor in the field the Afghan National Police (ANP) to conduct sustained, independent Counter-Insurgency (COIN) and police operations. IMPACT: • ANP is defeating insurgence, terrorism and promoting security within its borders. • ANP is the critical point to overall COIN and in there respective districts. • ANP is the lynch pin that holds together the overall safety and welfare of Afghanistan.

  18. PMT Key Tasks (U) • Key Tasks • Provide mentoring, training and training support to assigned ANP element • Integrate contracted and local civilian police members as active and functional members of the PMT • Provide an extremis support to assigned ANP element • Maintain close coordination with supporting CJTF-101 partnership elements and other partnership groups. • Receive and transmit partnership reports to the Regional Police Assistance Team (RPAT) • Mentor, coach and train the assigned ANP element HQs on staff and management functions and techniques • Establish close coordination with the PRT Police Technical Assistance Team within AOR for cross-level mission awareness

  19. PMT Requirements (U) SOURCE: CSTC-A AND STAFF REASONING

  20. OMLT/ETT Mission (U) Mission: • OMLTs deploy to Afghanistan to coach, teach and mentor ANA units, provide liaison and command and control, and when required, support the operational planning and employment of the ANA unit in order to support the development of a self sufficient, competent and professional ANA. ETTs are fielded when OMLTs are not available Impact: • Operational Mentor Liaison Teams (OMLT) – ISAF C2 • Embedded Training Teams (ETT) - US personnel W/ OEF C2 • Requires U.S. LST (Logistics) • Objective is to improve: • Solo ANA operations • C2 of ANA units • Warfighting of ANA soldiers • Operational mentorship of ANA leadership on the battlefield

  21. OMLT / LST Functions O M L T E T T Mentor ANA • Leadership Functions (day-to-day) • Specific Functions (by duty position) • Doctrine (by echelon) • Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures • Set the example • Identify success stories / expose bad practices Provide Access to Combat Enablers • CAS / Fires • MEDEVAC • QRF • Redundant C2 capability L S T • Sustain ANA units • Supervise ANA Pay operations • Contract or CASh purchase support / sustainment • Assist forces in forecasting requirements • Assist forces in developing sustainment plans * Self-Sustainment (National Responsibility) ALL *Logistics Support Team

  22. OMLT/ETT Unit Force Structure (U) Numbers depicted are only minimums, may have more personnel as situation dictates; note C2 reporting difference

  23. * Projected Requirements as of 11 Sep 08 OMLT/ETT Requirements (U) Support of the OMLT mission not only helps to ensure NATO succeeds in achieving its desired endstate, but more importantly, provides a visible and tangible sign that nations support the Afghan people

  24. * * 1 1 2 2 3 3 4 4 5 5 * 1 2 3 4 5 2 CS CSS GARR *** 201 *** 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 4 4 4 4 5 5 5 5 * * * * 2 CS ROU GARR ETT (USA) (a)+(c) 1 2 3 4 5 * 2 CSS GARR CS OMLT (non-USA) (b) OMLT w/ non-USA augment 1 2 3 4 5 * 1 2 3 4 5 * ANA units not fielded (d) * Not validated Projected OMLT/ETT requirement 103 ANA units yet to be formed 15 (d) Current OMLT/ETT requirement 88 Enduring USA ETTs (as of 11SEP08) 29 (a) OMLTcurrent requirement 59 OMLT currently fielded 36 (b) OMLT/ETT – Laydown (U) *** 209 1 CS CSS GARR * 1 2 * Konduz Mazar E Sharif 3 4 5 2 XXX GARR * 207 XXX 1 GARR J-bad PeC 6 Kabul 2 CS CSS GARR Qalay I Naw Herat X XXX 1 2 3 4 5 * 3 CS CSS Gardez Khost Uruzgan 2 CS CSS GARR *** 203 Shindan Sharona XXX Qalat Farah XXX 1 CS CSS GARR Lashkar Gah Kandahar 3* 1 2 4 5 * 2 * 1 3 4 5 *** 4 3 205 GARR CS 11 3 CS CSS GARR 3 GARR 1 GARR * *3/4/205 operating in Helmand Province

  25. OMLT PMT PRT ETT Synchronization+Unity of Effort = Afghan Focus (U) IDLG Afghanistan National Development Strategy CSTC-A Governance ISAF NATO Development GIRoA OEF Security UNAMA ANA/ANP

  26. Conclusion (U) • Current operational hot topics • How the Coalition Coordination Center orchestrates numerous joint and multinational organizations • Four specific tactical teams (PRTs, PMTs, OMLTs, ETTs) used and supported by the USA Reservists to achieve synchronization and unity of effort • QUESTIONS?