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Personal Care Products: Ingredients to Avoid. Susan Garramone Sisterra Essential Products at Medfield Green October 15, 2009.

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personal care products ingredients to avoid

Personal Care Products: Ingredients to Avoid

Susan Garramone

Sisterra Essential Products

at

Medfield Green

October 15, 2009

slide2
The skin absorbs up to 60% of the chemicals it comes in contact with - these chemicals enter the bloodstream and flow through, and some are stored in, our vital organs.

Herb Research Foundation

slide3
The average woman uses 12 personal care products containing at least 128 chemical ingredients everyday.

Men use on average 6 products containing 85 chemical ingredients everyday.

We absorb, inhale and ingest many of these chemicals.

Campaign for Safe Cosmetics

slide4
The National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) US analyzed 2983 chemicals used in personal care products.

The study demonstrated that:

  • 884 were toxic
  • 314 caused biological mutation
  • 218 caused reproductive complications
  • 778 caused acute toxicity
  • 146 caused tumors
  • 376 caused skin and eye irritations
personal care products ingredients to avoid5
Personal Care Products: Ingredients to Avoid
  • Phthlates
  • Fragrance
  • Parabens
  • Propylene Glycol (PG)
  • Formaldehyde
  • Hydroquinone
  • Petroleum/Petroleum byproducts
  • Sodium Lauryl Sulfate/Sodium Laureth Sulfate
  • Diethanolamine (DEA)
  • Talc
  • 1,4 Dioxane and Lead

(References: Dying To Look Good by Christine Farlow D.C. 2001; The Essential Green You by Deidre Imus 2009;Not Just a Pretty Face by Stacy Malkan, 2007; Best In Beauty 2009)

phthalates
PHTHALATES

Ingredient Use: Fragrance and as penetration enhancer

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Xenoestrogen: Endocrine disrupter/estrogen mimicker
    • May cause early puberty in girls
    • May cause impaired testicular function in infant boys
  • EPA Classifies as possible carcinogen
  • DTLG Rating: X – Known carcinogen via research

Found in: Nail Polish, Perfumes, Deodorants, Skin Creams Hair Sprays, Gels, Mousse and Lotions

Labeled as: DIBUTYL PHTHALATE; DIETHYLPHTHALATE, DEP, DEHP, BBP,DBP, DEP

fragrance
FRAGRANCE

Ingredient Use: To add or enhance scent

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Single fragrance may contain 100 different chemicals
    • Many are volatile allergens
  • May cause dizziness, asthma and skin rashes
  • May contain petroleum derivatives or parabens
  • DTLG Rating: CA (C= Caution is advised A= May cause allergic reaction)

Found in: Personal care products of all categories

Labeled as: FRAGRANCE (FDA allows them to be unlisted as “trade secrets”) or PARFUM

parabens
PARABENS

Ingredient Use: Preservative

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Xenoestrogen: May alter development in young children
  • Raise cancer risk
  • Impairs fertility
  • Skin irritant
  • DTLG Rating CA (C= Caution is advised A= May cause allergic reaction)

Found in: Moisturizers, Shampoos, Conditioners, Deodorants, Skin Creams, Foundations and Lotions

Labeled as: Methylparaben, Butylparaben, Sodium Paraben, Proplyparaben

propylene glycol pg
PROPYLENE GLYCOL (PG)

Ingredient Use:Controls product melting; Aids skin penetration, Humectant

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Linked to liver and kidney issues
  • May cause Reproductive damage and cell mutations
  • Skin and eye irritant
  • DTLG Rating CA (C= Caution is advised A= May cause allergic reaction)

Found in: Second most common ingredient in moisturizers aside from water - also in sunscreen, lotions, antiperspirants, deodorant, soaps

Labeled as:1,2-DIHYDROXYPROPANE; 2-HYDROXYPROPANOL; METHYLETHYL GLYCOL; 1,2-PROPANEDIOL; PROPANE-1,2-DIOL; 1,2-DIHYDROXYPROPANE; 1,2-PROPYLENE GLYCOL; 1,2-PROPYLENGLYKOL (GERMAN) ; ALPHA-PROPYLENEGLYCOL; DOWFROST; METHYLETHYLENE GLYCOL

formaldehyde
FORMALDEHYDE

Ingredient Use: Preservative

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Linked to cancer
  • May cause developmental and reproductive damage
  • May cause asthma
  • Neurotoxin
  • DTLG Rating XA ( X= Unsafe or poorly tested A= May cause allergic reaction)
  • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) says safe at 0.2%
  • Banned in Japan and Europe

Found in: Nail Polish, Shampoos and Bleach

Labeled as: FORMALDEHYDE, FORMALIN, FORMIC ALDEHYDE

hydroquinone
HYDROQUINONE

Ingredient Use: Skin Bleaching Agent/Lightening Agent

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Linked to cancer
  • Endocrine disrupter
  • Toxic if inhaled or ingested
  • Neurotoxin
  • DTLG Rating XA (X= Unsafe or poorly tested A= May cause allergic reaction)
  • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) says safe at 0.1% but not in “leave on” products
  • Banned in Europe

Found in: Skin lighteners, hair bleach, concealers, face cleansers, sunscreens

Labeled as:1,4-BENZENEDIOL; 1,4-DIHYDROXYBENZENE; P-DIOXYBENZENE; 4-HYDROXYPHENOL; P-HYDROXYPHENOL; 1,4BENZENEDIOL; 1,4-BENZENEDIOL; 1,4-DIHYDROXY-BENZEEN (DUTCH) ; 1,4-DIHYDROXY-BENZOL (GERMAN) ; 1,4-DIHYDROXYBENZEN (CZECH) ; 1,4-DIHYDROXYBENZENE

petroleum petroleum byproducts
PETROLEUM / PETROLEUM BYPRODUCTS

Ingredient Use: Soften and protect skin, make product smooth and shiny

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Linked to cancer
  • Causes developmental and reproductive damage
  • Immune toxicity
  • Endocrine disruption
  • Neurotoxin
  • Allergic reaction
  • DTLG Rating CA (C= Caution is advised A= May cause allergic reaction)
  • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) says safe as used
  • Banned in Europe unless company demonstrates safety

Found in: Moisturizers, Conditioners, Creams, Make-up, Concealer, Mascara

Labeled as:PETROLEUM, PETROLATUM, MINERAL OIL, PETROLEUM BYPRODUCTS

sodium lauryl sulfate sodium laureth sulfate
SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE / SODIUM LAURETH SULFATE

Ingredient Use: Foaming agent, surfactant, emulsifying agent

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Linked to cancer when mixed with other chemicals
  • Impairs immune system
  • Eye and skin irritant
  • Found to enter brain, heart and liver
  • DTLG Rating CA (C= Caution is advised A= May cause allergic reaction)
  • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) says safe in rinse off products; up to 1% in “leave on”

Found in: Shampoos, Conditioners, Soaps, Body Washes, Moisturizers, Toothpastes

Labeled as:SDS, SLS, ALS, SODIUM DODECYL SULFATE; MONODODECYL ESTER, SODIUM SALT; MONODODECYL ESTER; MONODODECYL ESTER SODIUM SALT SULFURIC ACID; SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE SODIUM LAURYL SULFATE; SODIUM DODECYL SULPHATE; SULFURIC ACID MONODODECYL ESTER SODIUM SALT

diethanolamine dea
DIETHANOLAMINE (DEA)

Ingredient Use: Foaming agent, pH adjuster

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Toxic to immune system
  • Eye and skin irritant
  • Respiratory toxicant
  • DTLG Rating CA (C= Caution is advised A= May cause allergic reaction)
  • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) says safe up to 5% in rinse off products

Found in: Shampoos, Soaps, Body Washes, Facial Cleansers, Moisturizers, Body Scrubs Acne Treatments, Deodorant

Labeled as:COCAMIDE DEA, LAURAMIDE DEA, N,N-DIETHANOLAMINE; 2,2'-DIHYDROXYDIETHYLAMINE; 2,2'-IMINOBISETHANOL; 2,2'-IMINODIETHANOL; ETHANOL, 2,2 IMINOBIS; DEA (EWG) ; 2,2'-DIHYDROXYDIETHYLAMINE; 2,2'-IMINOBISETHANOL; 2,2'- IMINODIETHANOL; 2- (2-HYDROXYETHYLAMINO) ETHANOL; BIS (2-HYDROXYETHYL) AMINE

slide15
TALC

Ingredient Use: Absorbs moisture

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Skin and respiratory irritant
  • Potential carcinogen if inhaled
  • May contain asbestiform fibers
  • DTLG Rating XA (X= Unsafe or poorly tested A= May cause allergic reaction)
  • Cosmetic Ingredient Review (CIR) On high priority list to review

Found in: Blush, Eye Shadow, Face and Body Powder, Deodorant

Labeled as:COSMETIC TALC; FRENCH CHALK; TALC (MG3H2 (SIO3) 4) ; AGALITE; ASBESTINE; B 13; B 13 (MINERAL) ; B 13 (MINERAL) ; B 9; B 9 (TALC) ; BEAVER WHITE 200

1 4 dioxane
1,4-DIOXANE

Ingredient Use: Not an actual ingredient but a contaminant in products that create suds, like shampoo, liquid soap and bubble bath.

  • Potentially from sodium laureth sulfate, PEG compounds and chemicals that include the clauses "xynol," "ceteareth" and "oleth."

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Carcinogen
  • Kidney toxicant
  • Neurotoxicant
  • Respiratory toxicant
  • DTLG Rating X (X= Unsafe or poorly tested)

Found in: 40% of personal care products and cosmetics as a contaminant

Labeled as:CONTAMINANT THUS UNLABELED

slide17
LEAD

Ingredient Use: Not an actual ingredient but a contaminant in raw ingredients.

Derivative lead acetate is an ingredient in hair dye.

Potential Health Risk/Safety Issues:

  • Can affect every organ
  • Cancer
  • Anemia
  • Brain Damage
  • Kidney Damage
  • Respiratory toxin
  • DTLG Rating X (X= Unsafe or poorly tested)
  • FDA approved use of Lead acetate except near eyes

Found in: Almost all personal products as a contaminant especially lipsticks

Labeled as:CONTAMINANT THUS UNLABELED WITH EXCEPTION OF LEAD ACETATE

slide18

Don’t Get Overwhelmed!

There are a lot of potential harmful ingredients but simple steps can help!

  • Minimize your beauty routine – minimizes exposure
  • Choose mild soap – will need less moisturizers etc.
  • Pare down on powders- limit inhalation exposure
  • Double check “Fragrance Free” - check ingredient list!
  • Pick your most used product and GREEN IT!

e.g. products that penetrate skin and are left on.

The Essential Green You by Diedre Imus

a little effort will go a long way
A Little Effort Will Go A Long Way !

Research safe commercially available products

  • Read Labels
    • Check Sources
    • Safecosmetics.org
    • Dying To Look Good Best Brands
    • Whole Foods Premium Body Care Quality Standards

Make your own products with readily available ingredients

  • Source recipes on Internet
  • Find recipes in books
sisterra essential products inc botanical blends for skin and hair
Sisterra Essential Products, Inc.Botanical Blends for Skin and Hair

Sisterra creates blends of all natural essential and carrier oils optimized for skin, hair and all over well being

our product attributes
Our Product Attributes
  • All Natural
  • High Quality, Pesticide Free Plant Based Ingredients
  • Non-Toxic
  • No Artificial Fragrance
  • Paraben Free
  • Sulfate Free
  • Gluten Free
  • No Fillers - "Active" Ingredients Only
  • Small Batch Production/Fresh Product
  • Featured as a DYING TO LOOK GOOD BEST BRAND
slide22

The Main Components

Essential Oils – Natural, aromatic oils distilled from plants

Carrier Oils – Natural Plant oils used to dilute essential oils

“ Properly extracted for the highest purity and used knowledgably, essential oils have great therapeutic benefit; used as an ingredient in cosmetic and personal care products most essential oils are safe…”

Christine Farlow, Dying to Look Good

sisterra keeps to the philosophy of keeping it simple
Sisterra keeps to the philosophy of “Keeping it Simple”

We use a minimal number of ingredients in safe concentrations to give you the desired benefit of healthy skin and hair.

Our ingredients meet the definition of “all natural” set by:

Natural Ingredient Resource Center