OVERVIEW OF SUBSTANCE ABUSE IN GHANA. DR J.B.ASARE. INTRODUCTION. Historically psychoactive substances used for centuries for various reasons including cultural/religious and recreational purposes
Amphetamine type stimulants
- Palpitations ,reddening of eyes, impaired concentration and hunger.
Effects on Users
The effects are general central nervous system depression, reduction in pain perception, reduction of fear ,lessening of inhibitions and elevation of mood.
Produces withdrawal symptoms on abstention such as
Tobacco use is one of the unfortunate habits acquired through ignorance of its harmful effects
Efforts are being made to curb its use against deliberate efforts by multinationals and their agents to increase its use.
There is a need to educate Ghanaians about the role of tobacco use in increasing the disease burden of the Ghanaians .
Pethedine and Morphine
Frequently abused by health personnel who have access to them.
Usually abusers are introduced to these substances through careless prescription habits by prescribers.
Withdrawal symptoms are similar to Heroin.
Barbiturates and benzodiazepines are abused in large quantities in Ghana.
These drugs are not properly regulated and therefore can be found on the parallel markets
Self medication, the sale of these drugs by quack doctors have resulted in the emergence of resistant strains of organisms.
psychosis, withdrawal syndrome,
unruly behaviours and indiscipline
Abuse of public authority