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Native Americans from Texas. By Laurie Hill. Outline. Objectives. By the end of this power point, I would like my students to be able to… Understand where the Indians came from first Understand the different areas of Texas Native Americans lived

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native americans from texas

Native Americans from Texas

By Laurie Hill

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

outline
Outline

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

objectives
Objectives

By the end of this power point, I would like my students to be able to…

  • Understand where the Indians came from first
  • Understand the different areas of Texas Native Americans lived
  • Be able to identify the type of food, clothing, and housing the Indians used
  • Identify unique attributes of certain tribes

…in order to make their own PPT!

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the first americans
The First Americans
  • It is thought that most Native Americans are descendents from people that crossed over from Asia to America on a land bridge– the Bering Land bridge.
  • As the world's glaciers and ice sheets melted over the following millennia, rising sea level flooded the land bridge.

This picture demonstrates the diminishing of the bridge over thousands of years

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

migration paths
Migration Paths

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the comanche
Migrated from Wyoming

Hunters and gatherers

Used the horse for their main source of transportation and food-getting

“Well dressed”

The Comanche leaders often wore fine European clothes, with many silver conchos and fine leather boots.

The Comanche

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the comanche8
The Comanche
  • Lived in tee-pees
  • Good warriors and traders (although, thieves)
  • Often spoke more than one language

Click here for more important facts

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the wichita
The Wichita
  • Semisedentary lifestyle
    • farms and villages, but also moved around
  • Fall would migrate west to go on a buffalo hunt
  • In spring lived in grass huts in villages
    • grew maize, pumpkins, squash, beans and plums

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the wichita10
Tattoos— “raccoon-eyed people”

Wore clothes made of tanned hides

Men: shirts, loin cloths and leggings

Women: dresses that reached from their chin to their ankles

Moccasins

Elk teeth were very valuable

trade items with neighboring tribes

The Wichita

Click the picture for more info

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the caddo
Lived in piney areas of East Texas

Grass huts like the Wichitas

Farmers

corn, beans, squash and other crops

Set fires in the woods to burn away clearings to farm

Women would gather wild plant food like acorns, black berries

Men would travel in hunting parties for buffalo

Buffalo robes

The Caddo

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the caddo12
Texas is a Caddoan word

It means "those who are friends"

The Tejas Caddo tribes were all "friends”

Made bows and arrows out of bois de arc wood

Made axes to cut down trees

Beautiful pottery

Click the ax for more information

The Caddo

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

lets review
Lets Review!
  • Where is it thought that the first humans that came to America came from?
  • Where did the Comanche Indians live? The Wichita? The Caddo?
  • What kind of house did the Comanches live in? The Wichita? The Caddo?
  • Which Native Texans were hunter/ gatherers?
  • Which were farmers?
  • What does “Tejas” mean?

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the tonkawa
“The people of the wolf”

Believed descended from mythical wolf

Totemic belief system

each clan had a mythical animal or spirit to guard them

The Tonkawa

Click the picture or the wolf on the next slide for more information.

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the tonkawa15
Tattooed bodies

Hill country of central Texas

Shared land with the Karankawa and Coahuiltecan

Friendly, but enemies with Comanche and Apache tribes

Hunted and gathered food

Fish, deer, blackberries

Lived in huts, wickiups and tee-pees

The Tonkawa

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the apaches
Migrated to Texas from Canada

“Apache” is probably Zuni which means “enemy”

The Apache and Navajo called themselves the Dine

Dine in Apache or Navajo means "the people”

Built wickiups and teepees

Semi-sedentary

Farmed and hunted

The Apaches

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the apaches17
Wore leather boots and wide cloth headbands

After the horse, stopped farming to hunt

Pushed further south by Comanche

Two groups: Lipan and Mescaleros

Sought refuge in Spanish missions but treated like slaves

Geronimo- famous leader of the Mescalero Apaches

1870s- led a famous raid in southern New Mexico and far west Texas

The Apaches

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the karankawa
Galveston and Corpus Christi area

Food= fish fish fish!

Clothing

Men: breach cloths or nothing at all

Women: grass skirts

Lived in wickiups during the winter

Got around in canoes

Could hold a family and all their possessions

The Karankawa

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the karankawa19
The Karankawa
  • Larger than most Native Americans at 6’
  • Often unfairly labeled as cannibals

Click on the fish for more information on the Karankawa culture

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the coahuiltecan
Many similar groups of Indians in the same area

called the Coahuiltican Indians out of convenience

South Texas, Eastern Mexico

Hunters and gatherers until people started to come to America

“Dirty and smelly”

Diseases

Became extremely poor

The Coahuiltecan

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

the coahuiltecan21
The Coahuiltecan
  • Wickiups, sometimes
  • Little clothing, if any
  • Made sandles out of lechuguilla plants

Click the cactus for more info.

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

jumano
Jumano
  • West Texas
  • Farmers
    • grew corn, beans and squash
    • grew cotton for clothes and blankets
  • Adobe houses

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

jumano23
Jumano
  • Clean and neat
  • Men shaved their heads except for at the top
  • Traders
  • Supposedly naked except for when it was cold- wore blankets

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

lets review24
Lets Review!
  • What did the Tonkawa Indians call themselves?
  • Which Native Texans lived in adobe houses?
  • How did the Karankawa clans get around?
  • Why were the Coahuiltecan clans “dirty and “smelly”?
  • What Indian heritage was Geronimo?
  • What type of homes did the Tonkawa, Apache, Karankawa, Coahuiltecan, and Jumano Indians live in?

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

slide25
Before you go to the next slide, see if you can remember where these Native Texans lived! When you get to the next slide, try to guess the names in order before you click.

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

slide26

Caddo

Comanche

1

6

7

8

You did it!

5

2

3

4

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

slide27

That's All Folks

Now that you have learned briefly about Native Americans, you can make your own, more interesting (and more fun) power point!

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/

bibliography incomplete
Bibliography(Incomplete)

www.texasindians.com

http://go.hrw.com/hrw.nd/gohrw_rls1/pKeywordResults?keyword=st9%20bering

http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/paleo/parcs/atlas/beringia/lbridge.html

http://instaar.colorado.edu/QGISL/bering_land_bridge/

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bering_Land_Bridge

Indians Who Lived In Texas, Hendrick-Long Publishing, 1981

Moore, Edward R & Texarch Assoc., Texas Indians, http://www.texasindians.com/