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Interactive computer generation of jokes for language skill development Applied Computing, University of Dundee Annalu Waller Dave O’Mara Informatics, University of Edinburgh Graeme Ritchie Helen Pain Ruli Manurung also: Alistair Low, Lucia Trujillo-Dennis Outline Motivation STANDUP project

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interactive computer generation of jokes for language skill development

Interactive computer generation of jokes for language skill development

Applied Computing, University of DundeeAnnalu WallerDave O’Mara

Informatics, University of EdinburghGraeme RitchieHelen PainRuli Manurung

also: Alistair Low, Lucia Trujillo-Dennis

outline
Outline
  • Motivation
  • STANDUP project
  • JAPE
  • Two extensions to JAPE
    • Low (2003)
    • Trujillo-Dennis (2003)
  • STANDUP revisited
  • Summary
humour and language impaired children
Humour and language impaired children
  • Use of humour enhances children’s linguistic & conversational skills, social interaction (Waller et al 2001)
  • Language-impaired children (LIC) have limited opportunities for language-play & humour
  • Thus, LIC have significantly poorer comprehension of humour
  • Understanding of humour from LIC aged 13-15 working on 5-7 curriculum (O’Mara et al 2002)
  • This suggests that LIC have ability to use jokes – if more accessible
standup project
STANDUP Project
  • Build support tool that enables LIC to experience language play (through humour)
  • Current LIC tools are primarily functional, focusing on needs-based communication
  • Existing computer based tools: text prediction, improving syntax, second language learning, discussion skills
automated humour
Automated humour
  • JAPE (Binsted & Ritchie 1994, 1997) is capable of producing punning riddles such as:
    • What’s the difference between leaves and a car?

One you brush and rake, the other you rush and brake.

    • What do you get when you cross a monkey and a peach?

An ape-ricot.

    • What do you call a murderer with fibre?

A cereal killer.

  • It searches a general purpose dictionary to find words that fit pre-defined structures called schemas and templates.
jape example
JAPE:Example

What do you call a strange market ?

jape example7
JAPE:Example

What do you call a strange market ?

A bizarre bazaar.

jape example8
JAPE:Example

What do you call a strange market ?

A bizarre bazaar.

homophone

jape example9
JAPE:Example

What do you call a strange market ?

describes

A bizarre bazaar.

homophone

jape example10
JAPE:Example

synonym

What do you call a strange market ?

describes

A bizarre bazaar.

homophone

jape example11
JAPE:Example

synonym

What do you call a strange market ?

describes

A bizarre bazaar.

homophone

synonym

jape how it works

What do you call a

C

D

? A

A

B

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

A

B

synonym

synonym

C

D

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works13

What do you call a

? A

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bizarre

synonym

synonym

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works14

What do you call a

? A

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bizarre

bazaar

synonym

synonym

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works15

What do you call a

? A

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bizarre

bazaar

synonym

synonym

strange

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works16

What do you call a

? A

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bizarre

bazaar

synonym

synonym

strange

market

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works17

What do you call a

strange

market

? A

bizarre

bazaar

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bizarre

bazaar

synonym

synonym

strange

market

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works18

What do you call a

? A

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bare

synonym

synonym

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works19

What do you call a

? A

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bare

bear

synonym

synonym

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works20

What do you call a

? A

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bare

bear

synonym

synonym

nude

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works21

What do you call a

? A

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bare

bear

synonym

synonym

nude

animal

TEMPLATE:

jape how it works22

What do you call a

nude

animal

? A

bare

bear

.

JAPE:How it works

SCHEMA:

homophone

bare

bear

synonym

synonym

nude

animal

TEMPLATE:

jape cont
JAPE (cont.)
  • Suitable joke experts found JAPE’s better jokes comparably funny to those in children’s joke books (Binsted et al. 1997)
  • Limitations:
    • Slow – tries out all the words in the dictionary!
    • Unguidable mechanism – exhaustive search
  • How do we adapt this for interactive usage?
extensions to jape 1
Extensions to JAPE (1)
  • Low (2003) developed a graphical user interface (GUI) for JAPE, with added functionality:
    • Creating jokes
    • Riddle-solving
    • Joke library
    • Topic database
    • Lexical support
  • Still slow, interface fairly complex
slide25

Added functionality

Interactivity

extensions to jape 2
Extensions to JAPE (2)
  • Trujillo-Dennis (2003) developed UI for
    • children with speech impairments
    • (possibly) motor disabilities
    • no cognitive disabilities
  • Explores several aspects of the user interface:
    • Simple language and visual layout
    • Adaptable colour schemes
    • Speech output
    • Single switch scanning interface
  • Not tested on actual target users
standup revisited
STANDUP Revisited
  • To build a tool that aids LIC in creating jokes
  • Interactive: speed, efficiency
  • Customizable: extensible
  • User-centred design for LIC-specific interface
  • Appropriateness:

What do you get when you cross a vitellus and a saddlery?

A yolk yoke.

What do you call a capable seed?

An able semen.

summary
Summary
  • Humour enhances children’s conversation and social interaction
  • Support LIC with wordplay software
  • Starting point: JAPE, various extensions
  • Interactivity and customizability
  • User-centred design

email: ruli.manurung@ed.ac.uk