IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT (CPD) ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS
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WONG WAI KEE 1 , CHUA SIEW SIANG 1 , LAM KAI KUN 2 1 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya. - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT (CPD) ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS. WONG WAI KEE 1 , CHUA SIEW SIANG 1 , LAM KAI KUN 2 1 Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya. 2 Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society. INTRODUCTION.

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Introduction 1276625

IMPLEMENTATION OF CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT (CPD) ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

WONG WAI KEE1, CHUA SIEW SIANG1, LAM KAI KUN2

1Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine,

University of Malaya.

2Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society.


Introduction
INTRODUCTION ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

  • Continuing Pharmacy Education (CPE) is a lifelong learning process

    → a passive uptake process

  • CPD → all activities that a pharmacist can do to maintain his/her competence & to develop his/her professional capabilities

  •  active learning & searching for opportunities to upgrade one’s skills and knowledge.


Introduction1
INTRODUCTION ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

  • Continuous Professional Development (CPD)

Figure 1: The 4 steps cycle of CPD

Source: RPSGB 20031

1Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain 2003, Plan and Record. Retrieved July 29, 2006, from http://www.uptodate.org.uk/P lanandRecord/Pharm_PandR/ Pharm_PandR_main.pdf


Introduction2
INTRODUCTION ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

Malaysia:

  • Medical doctors, dentists & pharmacists are supposed to complete at least 30 CPD/CPE

    points annually

  • Govt. sector – part of annual evaluation

  • Private sector – still voluntary


Objectives
OBJECTIVES ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

1. To determine the extent CPs have participated in CPD.

2. To assess the number of CPD points that is acceptable by the CPs and the time frame for

making CPD mandatory.

3. To identify CPD activities that community pharmacists will be interested to participate.


Methodology
METHODOLOGY ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

4 CPs

15 CPs

Phone follow-up & via HQ of Chain

Nov 2006 – Feb 2007

371 respondents (29.2%)

Exclusion:

Ceased operation

Shifted

Chain pharmacy with no pharmacist

[ 1271 CPs]

Figure 2: Flowchart of Methodology



Mandatory cpd
Mandatory CPD ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

  • 91.9% were aware that CPD has been introduced

  • 93.8% agreed that CPD helps to ensure CPs are in touch with current therapy2

  • 12.4% knew their CPD points for 2005

  • Mean points+SD = 11.7 + 13.2 / Median = 8.5

  • 72.8% felt 30 CPD points/year was difficult to achieve

  • 32.6% < 2 years

  • 74.4% < 5 years

supported mandatory CPD

2Swainson & Silcock (2004) Pharm J; 272:290-3


Table 2 support for mandatory cpd
Table 2: Support for mandatory CPD ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

  • Gender, age & yrs of practice  correlated with attitude towards CPD.

  • Older pharmacists were less likely to support mandatory CPD.


Table 2 support for mandatory cpd1
Table 2: Support for mandatory CPD ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

  • Female pharmacists between 21 to 30 years old, with shorter

    working experience and employed by large corporate bodies were

    more likely to support mandatory CPD.

  • Similar results were obtained by Mottram et al. (2002)4

4Mottram et al. (2002) Pharma J; 269: 618-22.


Introduction 1276625

ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

 Similar to a study in Nottingham by Attewell et al. (2005)5

5Attewell, Blenkinsopp & Black (2005) Pharm J; 271: 519-24


Limitations of the study
Limitations of the Study ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

  • Low response rate (29.2%)

     respondents may be a sub-group who are more

    concerned about the pharmacy profession

  • Mail questionnaire  low response rate but

    reaches a wider area with minimum resources

  • No official list of community pharmacists in M’sia


Conclusions
Conclusions ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

  • CPD points achieved by the respondents were much lower than the required 30 points per year.

  • Mandatory CPD in 2 years’ time should only be considered if more CPD activities are defined and made available.

  • Activities that can be incorporated into the working routine of CPs are preferred.

  • Self-study packages can also be developed to reach CPs outside the major cities.


Acknowledgements
Acknowledgements ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS

  • Special thanks to Ms Fung Lee Jean, Ms Jennifer Tan, Ms Yip Sook Ying and Ms Wong Hooi Fen for their feedback on the questionnaire.

  • Many thanks to the Malaysian Pharmaceutical Society for all the assistance rendered.

  • Our greatest appreciation to ALL the Community Pharmacists who have spent their valuable time to fill the questionnaire.


Introduction 1276625

THANK YOU ON COMMUNITY PHARMACISTS