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INTERNET 101 Presented by the Adult and Teen Services Department Of the North Canton Public Library Welcome! In this class you will become familiar with the basic elements of using the Internet. You will learn how to use the keyboard to search the Internet.

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internet 101


Presented by the Adult and Teen

Services Department

Of the

North Canton Public Library

  • In this class you will become familiar with the basic elements of using the Internet.
  • You will learn how to use the keyboard to search the Internet.
  • You will learn how to connect to the Internet, find appropriate information and how to view the information once you find it.
  • How to Evaluate a Web Site.
  • Review of Web Browser.
  • Glossary of Terms and Acronyms.
  • These handouts are yours to take home. They will provide you with much useful information and answer many of your questions
some useful terms
Some Useful Terms:
  • Browser: Software that allows you to access the Internet, such as Netscape or Explorer.
  • Home Page: Starting page on your browser.
  • Links: Allow you to go to related information on other sites.
  • Search Engine: Program which helps users find information on the Internet, such as Google.
  • Server: Computer system which stores the information provided by a site.
  • URL: Uniform Resource Locator. This is the address for the web site indicating where it can be found on the Internet.
This is a standard keyboard.Your laptop keyboard will be arranged a little differently, but will have the same functions available.



Number Lock

Number Pad




there just a few special things about the keyboard when viewing the internet
There just a few special things about the keyboard when viewing the Internet:
  • You can use the number pad to enter numbers. Remember that the number lock button must be pressed first or the computer will not know you are trying to use the number pad.
  • The backspace key can be used to delete from right to left one character at a time.
  • The delete key will delete from left to right.
  • Pressing the “Control”+”Alt”+“Delete” will open the “Task Manager” from which you can end a program, restart, or shut down altogether.
this is a typical mouse
This is a typical mouse.


Left click

Right click

The mouse controls an arrow on your screen. When you move the mouse the arrow moves in the same direction.

You will use the left button most frequently. Press it to select choices. If you are instructed to “click” on something, press the left button once. If you press it twice quickly, you are “double-clicking.”The right button will open special lists of options. Right click on different parts of the screen and in different programs to see different options.

title bar
Title Bar




Title of Document


The title bar tells you the name of the web page you are currently viewing.It also has three useful buttons.Minimize: Sends your window to the task bar so you can work in another window. Restore: Makes your window smaller or large again.Close: Closes your window, but offers to save the work first.

file menu
File Menu

Open new


Open saved document

Shows how page will look when printed

The file menu offers you options on a drop-down menu. Most of the options are available as icons on the toolbar as well.
from the file menu you can
Open a new document to work on. You would not lose any other document already open.

Open a document saved previously.

Save and Save As allow you to save your work to the computer’s hard drive or to a removable storage disk (floppy or CD).

From the file menu you can …
you can also
Use Print Preview to see a picture of what your document will look like before you print it. Use this to see how many pages the web site you are viewing contains.

Print is where to go when you are ready to print your work.

You can chose to print only certain pages and print multiple copies from here.

You can also…
edit menu
Edit Menu

Removes text

Leaves text in place

Erases text

Highlights all text in document.

such as
Copy allows you to take information from a web page and paste it into a document you have begun.

Just highlight the section and click the word “Copy.” It will be on your clipboard until you paste it in another location.

Paste is how you place copied information onto another document.

Position your cursor where you want the new information to be placed, then click “Paste.” The last item on your clipboard will be inserted.

Such as…
Select All will highlight everything on a page should you want to copy a lot of information.

Find will search a page for words you select and display them highlighted so you can find them easily.


Click to select.

Click again to deselect.

A toolbar is a strip of buttons with icons to help you do different things. If you move your cursor to the word “Toolbars” you will see a list of toolbars available and you can click the ones you want to be displayed along the top of your screen. Click again to hide them.

The Explorer bar is similar. It has helpful functions for you, but you can chose which ones you want to see on your screen. Pick and choose the same as with regular toolbars.

more view options
Stop will stop loading a web page you were attempting to view. This is useful if you have changed your mind or if it is taking too long to open.

Refresh will reload the web page you are viewing. If new information has been posted you will see it without having to leave and return to the site.

More View options…
other options
Go To is a quick way to return to pages you visited recently. This will show you a list and you can click on the name of the page you want revisit. It also has a fast link to your homepage.

Text Size lets you change how big the words on your screen are displayed. Just click a size and the page changes instantly.

Other options

Favorites is how you save web pages permanently. If the information is especially useful to you, you can add the page to your favorites and be able to return to it quickly anytime.It is like putting a bookmark on the Internet.


While visiting a page you want to bookmark, click “Add to Favorites.” A box will open and you can choose to put the page into a folder with similar pages or have it on the list singly.


If you click on “Organize Favorites” you can move the links into folders or arrange them as you want them.You can remove them from your list as well.


If the links are not in folders they are alphabetically listed. Just find the page you want to revisit and click on it. It will open without having to enter the address.

except for the internet options function the general tab has some options you should know about
Except for the “Internet Options” function.The “General” tab has some options you should know about.
internet options
Internet Options

Set your homepage

Clear temporary files

Clear the list of sites visited.


You can change your Homepage here. Your homepage is the first page displayed when you launch your browser. You can make any web page your homepage. While viewing a web page, open Internet Options and press the “Use Current” button. Many web sites have this option available on their main page too.


Temporary Files are copies of pages you visit. When you return to those pages, the computer might be able to access the site faster based on the information it gathered on the prior visit.You have the option to remove those files. Just click the “Delete Files” button. This helps prevent others from finding out which pages you have visited.


The History section of this tab controls how long links to pages you have visited are kept. You can change the number of days those lists are kept or delete the list. This also helps prevent others from learning which sites you have visited.

help menu
Help Menu

Search the help index.

Email your question.


Help is where to look when you have a question about how something works or how to do something.You can browse an index for useful terms and information or send an email with a specific question for help from a technician.


Those are the options on the Menu Bar. Now we will look at the Standard Toolbar. You will notice that most of the functions we learned can also be done by pressing a button instead of selecting from a menu.

navigation buttons
Navigation Buttons

Stop the browser while it is searching for a page.

Reload the page.

Return to your homepage.

Return to previous page.

Come back again.

navigation buttons help control which page you view

This button will return you to the last web page you viewed.

You can back up however many pages you have already viewed.

You cannot return to a page you have not visited. When this button is gray, you cannot go farther back.


This button will move you ahead one page at a time if you used the back button.

You cannot move ahead to a page you have not already visited this session. If the button is gray, you cannot move forward.

Navigation buttons help control which page you view.
home will return you quickly to your homepage

This button stops a page that is trying to open for you to view.

If the page is opening too slowly or you changed your mind about viewing it, press the big “X” to stop.


This button will reload the page you are viewing. It is like opening it again without leaving the page.

This will show any up-dates to the information displayed on the screen.

Home will return you quickly to your homepage.
The Favorites button will display your list of saved links to websites. Just click on one to go to that page.
address bar
Address Bar

Type the URL or your search terms here.


Directly below the navigation buttons is the address bar.This is where you type the address of the website you would like to view or the terms for which you would like to search.


Remember to type your web address carefully. The computer matches what you type. If you make an error or leave spaces, the computer will not know where to go.“\”, “_”, “-” and “@” are all important parts of an address.

slide47 = commercial = organization’s = government = educational institution’s site.

We will now look at scrolling. Scrolling is how you move your field of vision around a page. Often the information on a web page is larger than your screen. Scrolling up or down will move you to other parts of the page.


Click and hold bar and slide mouse up or down.

Click arrows.


To scroll, you can click on the arrows at the top or bottom.Or you can place your cursor over the scroll bar, press the left mouse button without letting go, and move the whole mouse towards you or away from you.Sometimes, if the page is wider than your screen, a scroll bar might be along the bottom edge.


If your mouse has a scroll wheel between the buttons, you can use it to scroll instead.Gently move your finger over the wheel to scroll.The wheel is not a button. There is no need to push it.

Another useful bar is the Status Bar. It is located along the bottom of your screen just above the task bar. It will display:
  • As a page loads (opens) its progress is shown as a series of bars. The more bars the closer to being fully loaded.
  • Addresses of any link you move your cursor over so you know where it will take you before going there.

Along the very bottom of your screen is the Task Bar. This refers to the work or tasks you are doing in a program. For each thing you are working, on a button is displayed on this bar. You might have several Internet windows, some word processing documents and games all open at the same time. You can move back and forth among them by clicking on their button on the Task Bar.


The Task Bar shows more than just what you are working on. It also is where to find the “Start” button. This button is the door to your computer and every file and program you have can be accessed through it.

On the far right of the Task Bar is the clock. If you move the cursor over the time displayed you will be shown the date.

To the left of the clock is a series of small icons. These represent various programs such as your security, network connection and other administrative functions. You can access these quickly by clicking on the icon.You can select what displays here. The more things displayed, the more things are loaded when you turn on your computer and therefore the longer start-up will take.

Now that you are familiar with how you can use the computer to view the internet you are ready to go on-line!
after your computer is turned on and your modem is running you need to open a browser
After your computer is turned on and your modem is running you need to open a browser
  • Locate the icon for your Internet browser on your desktop.
  • Position your cursor over the icon.
  • Double click the left mouse button.
Your browser will open to your homepage.You might have to enter a password first, depending on your security settings.
once you enter an address and the page loads you should be viewing the site s home or main page
Once you enter an address and the page loads, you should be viewing the site’s home or main page.
evaluating a web site
Evaluating a Web Site
  • Some things to consider when viewing web sites are:
    • How recent is the information?
    • Who wrote/created the information? Who hosts the information?
    • Is the information comprehensive? What age level is it intended for?
    • Is it easy to use?

Elements such as age level and ease of navigation should be fairly easy to establish by reading some text and trying to view different parts of the site.


Who is responsible for the information on the site might require more effort. Often the homepage states clearly who sponsors the site. For instance, CNN or The American Heart Association. These are well-known and respected organizations. Information they provide can generally be accepted as credible.


Sometimes websites contain articles on various subjects. Each article should provide the author’s name and credentials. It is important that you know who is giving you information.


The currency or recentness of information is often more difficult to determine. Obviously, reading the text for references to events or specific dates helps. Often websites will display the date the page was posted at the very bottom of the page or perhaps at the top. Some even show in how many minutes or seconds the next automatic update will be.


Whether for personal, professional or educational use, any information you use should be from a reputable source and up-to-date.Remember nearly anyone can create a web site and just because they say something does not mean it is accurate. Always know the source and try to verify information.


This tutorial should have helped you learn the technical side of using the Internet. Please try our tutorial about Searching the Internet for more information about the Web.


Thank you for trying this tutorial. If you would like to attend any of the free computer skills classes offered by the Library, please contact the Reference staff at 330-499-4712 ex. 11