europe iii chapter 1 78 95
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
EUROPE III (CHAPTER 1: 78-95)

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

EUROPE III (CHAPTER 1: 78-95) - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 243 Views
  • Uploaded on

EUROPE III (CHAPTER 1: 78-95). REGIONS OF EUROPE. WESTERN BRITISH ISLES NORTHERN MEDITERRANEAN EASTERN. MEDITERRANEAN EUROPE. MEDITERRANEAN EUROPE. SIX COUNTRIES A DISCONTINUOUS REGION ON THE PERIPHERY CULTURAL CONTINUITY DATES FROM GRECO-ROMAN TIMES MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'EUROPE III (CHAPTER 1: 78-95)' - Ava


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
slide2
REGIONS OF

EUROPE

  • WESTERN
  • BRITISH ISLES
  • NORTHERN
  • MEDITERRANEAN
  • EASTERN
mediterranean europe
MEDITERRANEAN EUROPE
  • SIX COUNTRIES
  • A DISCONTINUOUS REGION
  • ON THE PERIPHERY
  • CULTURAL CONTINUITY DATES FROM GRECO-ROMAN TIMES
  • MEDITERRANEAN CLIMATE
    • HOT - DRY SUMMERS
    • WARM/COOL - MOIST WINTERS
italy
ITALY
  • MOST POPULATED OF MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES
  • BEST CONNECTED TO THE EUROPEAN CORE
  • MOST ECONOMICALLY ADVANCED
  • DISPLAYS A SHARP NORTH/SOUTH CONTRAST (ANCONA LINE )
  • MILAN
    • ITALY’S LARGEST CITY AND MANUFACTURING CENTER
    • ALSO THE COUNTRY’S FINANCIAL AND SERVICE-INDUSTRY CENTER
italy6
ITALY
  • ROME
    • FOUNDED ABOUT 3,000 YEARS AGO
    • ATTAINED AN ESTIMATED POPULATION OF 1 MILLION < THE END OF THE 1ST CENTURY AD
    • ONLY 30,000 PEOPLE BY THE 13TH CENTURY
    • BECAME ITALY’S CAPITAL IN 1870
    • CURRENTLY HAS ABOUT 2.6 MILLION PEOPLE
  • VATICAN CITY
    • AN ENCLAVE WITHIN ROME
    • THE HEADQUARTERS OF ROMAN CATHOLICISM
    • FUNCTIONS AS AN INDEPENDENT ENTITY
slide7
EASTERN

EUROPE

REGIONS

  • WESTERN
  • NORTHERN
  • MEDITERRANEAN
  • EASTERN
eastern europe regional identifiers
EASTERN EUROPE(REGIONAL IDENTIFIERS)
  • EUROPE’S LARGEST REGION
  • ADJOINS 3 OF 4 OTHER EUROPEAN REGIONS
  • CONTAINS THE MOST COUNTRIES
  • INCLUDES EUROPE’S LARGEST STATE
  • INCORPORATES EUROPE’S POOREST COUNTRY
  • IN 1990, NONE OF ITS STATES COULD MEET THE CRITERIA FOR MEMBERSHIP IN THE EU
  • REACHES INTO THE RUSSIAN ZONE OF INFLUENCE
key concepts
KEY CONCEPTS
  • BALKANIZATION
  • IRREDENTISM
  • ETHNIC CLEANSING
  • DEVOLUTION
  • SHATTER BELT
balkanization
BALKANIZATION
  • FROM THE VERB BALKANIZE, WHICH MEANS TO BREAK UP (AS IN A REGION) INTO SMALLER AND OFTEN HOSTILE UNITS
  • ORIGINATES FROM A MOUNTAIN RANGE IN BULGARIA
  • APPLIED TO THE SOUTHERN HALF OF EASTERN EUROPE, i.e., THE BALKAN COUNTRIES OF THE BALKAN PENINSULA
underlying forces
UNDERLYING FORCES
  • CENTRIFUGAL FORCES
    • REFER TO FORCES THAT TEND TO DIVIDE A COUNTRY
      • Religious, linguistic, ethnic, or ideological differences
  • CENTRIPETAL FORCES
    • FORCES THAT UNITE AND BIND A COUNTRY TOGETHER
      • A strong national culture, shared ideological objectives, and a common faith
irredentism
IRREDENTISM
  • A POLICY OF CULTURAL EXTENSION AND POLITICAL EXPANSION AIMED AT A NATIONAL GROUP LIVING IN A NEIGHBORING COUNTRY

RIVER & BORDER

MINORITY

POPULATION

A

BORDER

ADJUSTMENT

B

A

COUNTRIES

slide13
ETHNIC GROUPS IN

EASTERN EUROPE

ethnic cleansing
ETHNIC CLEANSING
  • REFERS TO THE FORCIBLE OUSTER OF ENTIRE POPULATIONS FROM THEIR HOMELANDS BY STRONGER POWERS BENT ON TAKING THEIR TERRITORIES

MINORITY

POPULATION

A

B

A

BORDER

COUNTRIES

devolution
DEVOLUTION
  • THE PROCESS WHEREBY REGIONS WITHIN A STATE DEMAND AND GAIN POLITICAL STRENGTH AND GROWING AUTONOMY AT THE EXPENSE OF THE CENTRAL GOVERNMENT
slide16
DEVOLUTION

IN

EUROPE

shatter belt
SHATTER BELT
  • A TERM APPLIED TO EASTERN EUROPE BY GEOGRAPHERS TO DESCRIBE A ZONE OF CHRONIC POLITICAL SPLINTERING AND FRACTURING
  • WHY HERE?
slide18
ETHNIC

MOSIAC

OF

EASTERN

EUROPE

subregions of eastern europe
SUBREGIONS OF EASTERN EUROPE
  • COUNTRIES FACING THE BALTIC SEA
  • THE LANDLOCKED CENTER
  • COUNTRIES FACING THE ADRIATIC SEA
  • COUNTRIES FACING THE BLACK SEA
countries facing the baltic sea
COUNTRIES FACING THE BALTIC SEA
  • POLAND
    • A CLASSIC NATION-STATE
    • TRADITIONALLY AGRARIAN - WHEAT
    • POST WWII INDUSTRY - SILESIA
    • WARSAW - PRIMATE CITY
  • LITHUANIA
    • LOST INDEPENDENCE IN 1940, REGAINED IN 1991
    • KALININGRAD - A RUSSIAN EXCLAVE
  • LATVIA
    • SIMILAR HISTORY AS LITHUANIA
    • CONSTITUTE BARE MAJORITY IN OWN COUNTRY
  • BELARUS: RUSSIA’S CLOSEST ALLY
the landlocked center
THE LANDLOCKED CENTER
  • CZECH REPUBLIC
    • THE REGION’S MOST WESTERNIZED
    • PRAGUE- A CLASSIC PRIMATE CITY
  • SLOVAKIA
    • THE LEAST DEVELOPED, MOST RURAL PART OF “CZECHOSLOVAKIA”
  • HUNGARY
    • A NATION-STATE OF 10 MILLION
    • BUDAPEST- A CLASSIC PRIMATE CITY
countries facing the black sea
COUNTRIES FACING THE BLACK SEA
  • BULGARIA: LIBERATED BY RUSSIA IN 1878
  • ROMANIA: A FORMER ROMAN PROVINCE; RAW MATERIALS (COAL, IRON ORE, OIL, NATURAL GAS)
  • MOLDOVA: AGRICULTURAL
  • UKRAINE: LARGEST AND MOST POPULOUS; AGRICULTURAL AND NATURAL RESOURCES AVAILABLE
countries facing the adriatic sea
COUNTRIES FACING THE ADRIATIC SEA
  • SLOVENIA: FIRST TO SECEDE; ETHNICALLY MOST HOMOGENEOUS
  • CROATIA
  • BOSNIA: CENTRALLY POSITIONED
  • SERBIA: LARGEST AND MOST POPULOUS
  • MACEDONIA: 65% MACEDONIAN, 21% ALBANIAN
  • SERBIA-MONTENEGRO: INCLUDES SERBIA, KOSOVO, VOJVODINA, AND MONTENEGRO
  • ALBANIA: REMNANT OF TURKISH OTTOMAN EMPIRE; 70% MUSLIMS; LOWEST ECONOMIC RANKING IN EUROPE
ad