CHINESE CYBERSPACE MR. TIMOTHY L. THOMAS FMSO, JANUARY 2010 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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CHINESE CYBERSPACE MR. TIMOTHY L. THOMAS FMSO, JANUARY 2010

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  1. CHINESE CYBERSPACE MR. TIMOTHY L. THOMAS FMSO, JANUARY 2010

  2. TABLE OF CONTENTS (18 CHAPTERS) • THE INEVITABLE INTERNET WAR • BATTLES FOR INTERNET CONTROL • OFFENSIVE AND DEFENSIVE INTERNET WARS • THE INTERNET WILL DETERMINE VICTORY IN FUTURE WARS • DANGEROUS VIRTUAL REALITY • FINANCIAL WARS IN THE INTERNET WORLD

  3. RMA • War with the objective of expanding territory has already basically withdrawn from the stage of history, and even war with the objective of fighting for natural resources is now giving way to war with the objective of controlling the flow of financial capital.

  4. China Looks at Cyberspace • History—the Art of War and packets of electrons • Comprehensive national power changes in accordance with new technology—which influences military affairs—gaining the initiative a prerequisite • Laws and regulations are different than ours—ask Google!

  5. Stratagem (EBO?) is designed to mislead enemy processes of perception, thinking, emotion and will; use of packets of electrons as stratagems

  6. CHINESE INTERNET STRATEGY • SEEK PREEMPTION • COMPUTER RECONNAISSANCE A PREREQUISITE TO VICTORY • CHINESE STRATAGEMS AND “ELECTRONIC SHI” • RECONNAISSANCE OF BANKS, INDUSTRY, MILITARY, ETC. SITES WORLDWIDE—COLLECT TECHNICAL PARAMETERS • OFFENSE AS IMPORTANT AS DEFENSE

  7. CHINESE INTERNET STRATEGY • SEEK PREEMPTION • COMPUTER RECONNAISSANCE A PREREQUISITE TO VICTORY • CHINESE STRATAGEMS AND “ELECTRONIC SHI” • RECONNAISSANCE OF BANKS, INDUSTRY, MILITARY, ETC. SITES WORLDWIDE—COLLECT TECHNICAL PARAMETERS • OFFENSIVE AS IMPORTANT AS DEFENSIVE

  8. Network Warfare DeterrenceLiberation Army Daily, March 2007 • To offset network warfare deterrence of the country holding information network hegemony, we not only need to pay attention to raising our offensive operations capabilities in network warfare but also our defensive capabilities. We should make unremitting efforts to seek such a preemptive opportunity through developing network technology and systems.

  9. CHINESE INTERNET STRATEGY • SEEK PREEMPTION • COMPUTER RECONNAISSANCE A PREREQUISITE TO VICTORY • CHINESE STRATAGEMS AND “ELECTRONIC SHI” • RECONNAISSANCE OF BANKS, INDUSTRY, MILITARY, ETC. SITES WORLDWIDE—COLLECT TECHNICAL PARAMETERS • OFFENSIVE AS IMPORTANT AS DEFENSIVE

  10. Dai—Direct IW • Computer network reconnaissance is the prerequisite for seizing victory in warfare. It helps to choose opportune moments, places, and measures for attack.

  11. Methods • Focus on collecting technical parameters and specific properties of all categories of information weapon systems and electronic information products

  12. CHINESE INTERNET STRATEGY • SEEK PREEMPTION • COMPUTER RECONNAISSANCE A PREREQUISITE TO VICTORY • CHINESE STRATAGEMS AND “ELECTRONIC SHI” • RECONNAISSANCE OF BANKS, INDUSTRY, MILITARY, ETC. SITES WORLDWIDE—COLLECT TECHNICAL PARAMETERS • OFFENSE AS IMPORTANT AS DEFENSE

  13. “A victorious army first wins and then seeks battle. A defeated army first battles and then seeks victory.” Sun Tzu, The Art of War

  14. Shi (Strategic Advantage) According to the Chinese • Tao Hanzhang, Chinese General: shi is “the strategically advantageous posture before a battle that enables it to have a flexible, mobile, and changeable position during a campaign.”

  15. CHINESE INTERNET STRATEGY • SEEK PREEMPTION • COMPUTER RECONNAISSANCE A PREREQUISITE TO VICTORY • CHINESE STRATAGEMS AND “ELECTRONIC SHI” • RECONNAISSANCE OF BANKS, INDUSTRY, MILITARY, ETC. SITES WORLDWIDE—COLLECT TECHNICAL PARAMETERS • OFFENSE AS IMPORTANT AS DEFENSE

  16. http://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/01/new-approach-to-china.htmlhttp://googleblog.blogspot.com/2010/01/new-approach-to-china.html • Mid-Dec Chinese cyber attack caused the theft of intellectual property from Google. 20 other companies from finance, technology, and the media and chemical sectors were similarly targeted. A primary goal of the attackers was to access Gmail accounts of Chinese human rights activists.

  17. CHINESE INTERNET STRATEGY • SEEK PREEMPTION • COMPUTER RECONNAISSANCE A PREREQUISITE TO VICTORY • CHINESE STRATAGEMS AND “ELECTRONIC SHI” • RECONNAISSANCE OF BANKS, INDUSTRY, MILITARY, ETC. SITES WORLDWIDE—COLLECT TECHNICAL PARAMETERS • OFFENSE AS IMPORTANT AS DEFENSE

  18. The issue of information and network security, which accompanies the development of informationization and the rise of information warfare, is an issue of technology, but above all else it is an issue of strategy. Deciphering Information Security

  19. CHINA DOESN’T DO PMESII-PT • Strategic/objective environment • War engineering and control/system sabotage • War versus non-war actions; combinations of military actions

  20. CHINA DOESN’T DO PMESII-PT • Strategic/objective environment • War engineering and control/system sabotage • War versus non-war actions; combinations of military actions

  21. Shen at Lanzhou • Military power was calculated by adding the number of divisions, aircraft, and carriers. Now we must figure intangibles as well, such as computing capability, communications capability and reliability, and real-time surveillance. “An ounce of silicon”may be more potent than a “ton of radium.”

  22. CHINA DOESN’T DO PMESII-PT • Strategic/objective environment • War engineering and control/system sabotage • War versus non-war actions; combinations of military actions

  23. War Engineering, Issue 3, 2007 in ZhongguoJunshiKexue A method of systems engineering that studies, designs, tests, controls, and evaluates war systems based on information technology.

  24. Hu Xiaofeng (cont.) • War engineering takes all of war space and time into consideration as well as politics, military affairs, economics, and diplomacy to obtain the best results overall. Regardless of the situation, one must achieve effective control of war systems to gain real-time control of the course of operations. • The path to victory depends on making innovations, which means creating asymmetries in the shape of warfare, methods of operations, and in war methods and training methods. Only then is war control possible.

  25. CHINA DOESN’T DO PMESII-PT • Strategic/objective environment • War engineering and control/system sabotage • War versus non-war actions; combinations of military actions

  26. Other Military Actions… • Sichuan Earthquake—a non-war military activity that was an informatized warfare practice session • Combinations and lethal cocktail mixtures— the book Unrestricted War and 24 methods of conflict (economic, diplomatic, information, electronic, blockade, etc.)

  27. Expansion of Culture via Digital Means • China must take action to “propel China’s culture industry and media industry beyond China’s borders in an effort to take over the international culture market” • Simulate cultural battles to learn how to use the media effectively • Increased aggressiveness of Chinese students in at least one US university

  28. ARE THEY PLAYING RUGBY WHILE WE PLAY FOOTBALL? HOW WELL ARE WE SCOUTING THE OTHER TEAMS? CHINA VERSUS THE U.S.

  29. Timothy Lee Thomas Foreign Military Studies Office (FMSO) Phone: 913-684-5957 Fax: 913-684-5960 Tim.l.thomas@us.army.mil http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil