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From IEP Consideration to Classroom Implementation. Assistive Technology Planner. Dr. Cheryl Wissick and Dr. Elizabeth Bagley. Definitions. Assistive Technology Device.

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assistive technology device
Assistive Technology Device

…any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve functional capacities of individuals with disabilities.

Assistive Technology Act of 1998 as amended (P.L. 108-364)

assistive technology service
Assistive Technology Service

…any service that directly assists an individual with a disability in the selection, acquisition, or use of an assistive technology device." This service includes all of the following possibilities:

  • evaluation of the technology needs of the individual, including a functional evaluation in the individual's customary environment;
  • purchasing, leasing, or otherwise providing for the acquisition of assistive technology devices for individuals with disabilities;
  • selecting, designing, fitting, customizing, adapting, applying, maintaining, repairing, or replacing of assistive technology devices;
  • coordinating and using other therapies, interventions, or services with assistive technology devices, such as those associated with existing education and rehabilitation plans and programs;
  • assistive technology training or technical assistance with assistive technology for an individual with a disability, or, where appropriate, the family of an individual with disabilities;
  • training or technical assistance for professionals, employers, or other individuals who provide services to, employ, or otherwise are substantially involved in the major life functions of individuals with disabilities.

Assistive Technology Act of 1998 as amended (P.L. 108-364)

consideration of at the law says
Consideration of AT - The Law Says…
  • IDEA 2004 stipulates the IEP team must consider special factors including whether the child needs assistive technology devices and services. (Sec. 300.324)
  • Minimal compliance is documenting in the IEP the response to the statement “Does the child need assistive technology devices and services?”
consideration of at qiat says
Consideration of AT – QIAT says…

The assistive technology consideration process and results are documented in the IEP and include a rationale for the decision and supporting evidence.

QIAT - Quality Indicators for Assistive Technology

http://www.qiat.org

documentation of at the law says
Documentation of AT - The Law Says…

Recent Legislation

  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Amendments of 1997 (P.L. 105-17)
    • Includes a statement that ALL students with an IEP must be considered for Assistive Technology
  • Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004 (IDEA 2004)
    • Maintained the definition of AT as well as the accompanying stipulations that AT be considered when developing IEPs
documentation of at qiat says
Documentation of AT – QIAT says…
  • The education agency has guidelines for documenting AT needs in the IEP and requires their consistent application.
  • One common error of documenting assistive technology in the IEP is teams do not know how to document AT in the IEP.

QIAT - Quality Indicators for Assistive Technology

http://www.qiat.org

documentation of at reality
Percentage of Teachers with AT-Specific IEP GuidelinesDocumentation of AT - Reality

n=81

54%

34%

Percent of Teachers

12%

National Assistive Technology Research Institute, ATIA 2006

documentation of at explanations
Documentation of AT - Explanations

Have IEP Information But Not AT-Specific

  • “For the IEP meetings, there is a lot of trainings or manuals or workshops, there is a lot going on, but not specifically for our assistive technology.” Florida teacher
  • “Our district gives us a lot of information on how to write a good IEP, like they give us sample IEPs, but I don’t honestly remember ever seeing a sample one that you checked AT with, and were shown how to do the documentation.”Wisconsin teacher
documentation of at the law says14
Documentation of AT - The Law Says…
  • IDEA 2004 requires assistive technology be made available to a child with a disability if required as a part of the child’s--
    • Special education
    • Related services
    • Supplementary aids and services (Sec. 300.105)
  • The law does not specifically stipulate where AT should be documented in the IEP
documentation of at qiat says15
Documentation of AT – QIAT says…

Assistive technology is included in the IEP in a manner that provides a clear and complete description of the devices and services to be provided and used to address student needs and achieve expected results.

QIAT - Quality Indicators for Assistive Technology

http://www.qiat.org

documentation of at reality16
How and where in the IEP do you document AT and AT consideration?Documentation of AT - Reality

n=126

Percent

34%

29%

21%

10%

10%

9%

6%

NATRI, ATIA 2006

consideration of at qiat says18
Consideration of AT – QIAT says…

Assistive technology implementation proceeds according to a collaboratively developed plan.

Intent: Following IEP development, all those involved in implementation work together to develop a written action plan that provides detailed information about how the AT will be used in specific educational settings, what will be done, and who will do it.

QIAT - Quality Indicators for Assistive Technology

http://www.qiat.org

teacher responses positive
Teacher Responses - Positive
  • “No [we don’t] have a specific form, although that would be a good idea. Without a specific form to define all those questions, it’s nebulous.” Massachusetts teacher
  • “Most definitely [need a plan], because our AT specialist can only be available just a few hours each month at my school.” Kentucky teacher
  • “I think it needs to be in the implementation plan even as specific as who is going to buy it. Once you have all that stuff in writing it will be easier to manage services, manage how much it is being used, and just makes people more responsible for what their role is in the implementation. Kentucky teacher
  • “Probably would be a good idea. Somebody would probably kill me for saying that (laugh). [They will say] then you write it!” Kentucky teacher
teacher responses negative
Teacher Responses - Negative
  • “If there is, I don’t think people would adhere to [an new AT form]. I have never heard of one” California Teacher
  • “No, we have enough forms already, so we don’t need another one.”Montana teacher
  • “I don’t know of a specific plan that we have or it seems like it’s way more informal than that.” California teacher
  • “Usually at the IEP meeting, we just talk about how we’re going to use it and then as soon as the IEP meeting is over, that’s when we start using it however we said we would.” California teacher
  • “It’s pretty loose here and everyone just kind of does what is needed.”
  • “Yeah and if somebody is not there then everybody is calling that person to see what’s going on.” California teacher
at planner resources
AT Planner Resources
  • Tam Products
  • http://www.tamcec.org
  • NATRI
  • http://natri.uky.edu/
at planner24
AT Planner
  • The Assistive Technology Planner is designed to support teachers, families, and administrators as they work in collaboration with other IEP team members in planning and implementing assistive technology (AT) services.
  • The planner consists of 3 separate booklets for:
    • teachers,
    • families, and
    • administrators.
  • It is accompanied by a user's guide that contains a reproducible AT implementation plan form.
booklet for families
AT Implementation form (PDF)

IDEA 2004(Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services website.)

Human Function Model

AT Continuum

Parent Advocacy Coalition for Educatipnal Rights (PACER)

Parent Training and Information Centers (PTIs)

The Family Center on Technology and Disability (FCTD)

The Alliance for Technology Access (ATA)

Information for Spanish Speakers

Planificador de la Tecnología Asistiva en español

Imprentar el planeador familiar entero (PDF)

http://natri.uky.edu/atPlanner/atPlannerFamily.html

Booklet for Families
booklet for teachers
AT Implementation form (PDF: 480 Kb)

IDEA 2004(Note: This link takes you to the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services website.)

Human Function Model

AT Continuum

Universal design for learning

Publications on AT

Online Reports

Print Publications

Organizations that Support AT Use

AT-Related Federal Legislation

AT Research and Development

AT Products and Vendors

List of Products and Vendors

AT Device Videos

Searchable Database with AT resources

State-based Programs that Support AT Use

Booklet for Teachers
booklet for administrators
AT Implementation form(PDF: 480 Kb)

IDEA 2004(Note: This link takes you to the Office of Special Education and Rehabilitation Services website.)

Human Function Model

AT Continuum

Universal design for learning

Publications on AT

Online Reports

Print Publications

Organizations that Support AT Use

AT-Related Federal Legislation

AT Research and Development

AT Products and Vendors

List of Products and Vendors

AT Device Videos

Searchable Database with AT resources

State-based Programs that Support AT Use

Booklet for Administrators
at planner categories
The AT Planner contains practical information about the following topics

Understanding AT

Considering AT in the IEP

Getting Ready for AT

Implementing AT

AT Planner Categories
at can help students in all disability areas
AT can help students in all disability areas:
  • Complete and/or develop functional skills
  • Address physical and sensory challenges
  • Access curriculum
  • Participate in lessons
  • Become more efficient learners
  • Bypass lack of skills

Understanding AT

at enhancing all of life s functions
AT – Enhancing All of Life’s Functions

When considering AT:

  • Identify Environments
  • Determine the Functional Areas
  • Select AT

Understanding AT

types of at
Types of AT
  • AT is NOT only computers and sophisticated devices.
  • Some AT solutions that do not involve any technology at all!
  • Low-High Tech Continuum
    • Low-tech – Non-electronic devices such as adapted spoon handles, magnifiers, pencil grips, raised line paper, etc.
    • Medium-tech – Non complicated mechanical devices such as manual wheelchairs, switch-operated toys & appliances, calculators, audio books, etc.
    • High-tech – Devices that incorporate sophisticated electronics or computers such as speech recognition programs and electronic communication devices
  • AT continuum is used for decision making across functional areas.

Understanding AT

matching at to the child
Matching AT to the Child
  • Consideration of AT begins with “What does your child need to do?”
  • Take into account:
    • Environments
    • Demands placed on your child
    • Influences that affect AT use
  • Maximizing AT Use
    • Not all AT is right for every child. AT may create problems when it is mismatched to a child.

Considering AT in the IEP

identifying skills needed
Identifying Skills Needed
  • Determine AT Skills
    • Look at prerequisite skills needed
    • If possible, teach prerequisite skills
  • Use Task Analysis to help identify skills needed
    • Identify the steps needed to use the device
    • Note what is done at each step
    • Review the list to determine if the child has all the skills
    • Decide if accommodations may help the child bypass skill deficits

Considering AT in the IEP

trying out at
Trying Out AT
  • Conduct a trial when considering the appropriateness of AT for a student
  • Steps when planning a trial:
    • Identify the purpose and desired outcomes of the trial, including the criteria
    • Determine a trial period
    • Design the trial - decide how and where the trial will take place
    • Track results
    • Review trial results & their impact on implementation

Considering AT in the IEP

trying out at35
Administrator & Teachers

If the student is to use AT on large-scale assessments, make sure that the:

Student uses the AT device regularly in the classroom

AT is well suited to the assessment (does the student require more time b/c of the AT, etc

Families

If the student is to use AT on district-wide testing, make sure that your child:

Has had sufficient time to become proficient using it prior to the test

Uses the AT regularly in the classroom

Uses the AT to complete homework assignments

Trying Out AT

Considering AT in the IEP

organizing for success
Organizing for Success
  • PRE strategy
  • Arrange the physical space
  • Establish routines for use
  • Handle equipment problems
  • Consider use in multiple settings
  • Teach student how to use AT
  • Provide realistic context for learning

Getting Ready for AT

at functional skills
AT & Functional Skills

Functional Skill

Getting Ready for AT

planning implementing at roles
Administrator’s Role

•Providing ongoing support

•Developing policies & procedures

•Monitoring & evaluating implementation

•Acknowledging teacher efforts and student successes

•Ensuring student results are communicated to the family

Planning & Implementing AT – Roles

Family’s Role

  • Familiarizing yourself with types of AT
  • Organizing home for AT implementation
  • Ensuring that AT is used consistently
  • Monitoring student progress
  • Communicating results

Teacher’s Role

  • Familiarizing yourself with types of AT
  • Organizing for AT implementation
  • Ensuring that AT is used consistently
  • Monitoring student progress
  • Communicating results
  • Learning more about AT

Getting Ready for AT

ensuring the effective use of at
Once AT has been selected, use the planning form to address key implementation issues by:

Identifying the point of contact

Assigning responsibility for the AT

Specify training

Connecting AT to IEP goals

Monitoring & evaluating use

Ensuring The Effective Use of AT

EQUIPMENT

TRAINING

HOME IMPLEMENTATION

EQUIPMENT TASKS

CLASSROOM IMPLEMENTATION

at planner form
AT Planner - Form

Getting Ready for AT

http://natri.uky.edu

administrator s role implementation using the pep strategy
Administrator’s Role – ImplementationUsing the PEP Strategy

Policies

  • Written policies and procedures
  • AT service delivery is evaluated
  • Staff & families help to develop policies

Equipment

  • The school-wide includes budget process includes AT
  • Appropriate equipment is provided and maintained

Personnel

  • Personnel are hired who have AT competencies
  • Resources are provided
  • Ongoing training & technical support are provided

Implementing AT

administrator s role implementation evaluating communicating results
Administrator’s Role – ImplementationEvaluating & Communicating Results
  • Your role is to support the collection and analysis of observable, measurable data over time.
  • Evaluation Steps:
  • Define the behavior/task to be measured
  • Select a recording system
  • Design a data collection sheet & schedule
  • Summarize the data in a chart or graph
  • Monitor student progress & make adjustments

Implementing AT

teacher s role implementation
Teacher’s Role - Implementation
  • Integrating AT into Classroom Activities
  • Evaluating Student Results
  • Monitoring Use – Observable & Measurable Data Time
  • Communicating with the Student’s Family
  • Collaborating with Colleagues
  • Using Technology to Enhance Learning for All

Implementing AT

family role implementation
Family Role - Implementation
  • Monitoring Use
    • Check the AT on a regular basis
    • Talk to Your Child about AT
  • Celebrating Success

Implementing AT

purchasing the at planner
Purchasing the AT Planner
  • Available from TAM Products http://www.tamcec.org
  • Cost $35.00 for a complete planner
  • Cost $6.00 per booklet for orders or 25 or more
  • Shipping includes, no PO accepted.