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Windows Vista Security David Kenney Christopher Lange Background Windows Vista is Microsoft’s most current operating system Vista offers new security features: Windows Defender User Account Control Windows Firewall with Advanced Security Windows Defender

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windows vista security

Windows Vista Security

David Kenney

Christopher Lange

background
Background
  • Windows Vista is Microsoft’s most current operating system
  • Vista offers new security features:
    • Windows Defender
    • User Account Control
    • Windows Firewall with Advanced Security
windows defender
Windows Defender
  • Microsoft’s anti-spyware program now integrated with the Windows Vista operating system
  • Designed to detect, remove, and prevent spyware
  • Supports not only scanning, but real-time protection
user account control uac
User Account Control (UAC)
  • Windows Vista security infrastructure
  • Applications run with standard user privileges until an administrator authorizes an increase in privilege
  • Much criticism over the number of prompts a user can receive from UAC requesting authorization
windows firewall with advanced security
Windows Firewall with Advanced Security
  • Not accessible by default, but can easily be accessed
  • Allows for more advanced control of the firewall including:
    • Firewall Profiles
    • IPSec Configuration
    • Connection Security Rules
    • Inbound/Outbound Rules
    • Rules Monitoring
introduction
Introduction
  • The lab will require a new hard drive with Windows Vista pre-installed and the following software available NAS:
    • Cain & Abel
    • F-Secure BlackLight Rootkit Eliminator
    • Ophcrack LiveCD
    • Regtick
    • Scoundrel Simulator
    • Trojan Simulator
    • Spybot Search & Destroy with Detection Update
lab procedure
Lab Procedure
  • UAC and Windows Defender will be introduced, tested, and compared with Spybot Search & Destroy
  • Applications such as Trojan Simulator, Regtick, and Scoundrel Simulator will be used with various privileges to test how UAC and Windows Defender will react
lab procedure8
Lab Procedure
  • The Windows Firewall with Advanced Security configuration will be introduced
  • Writing custom rules for situations such as blocking Nmap scans as was done in previous labs for Linux and Windows third party software
lab procedure9
Lab Procedure
  • Password cracking of Windows Vista user accounts using Ophcrack, Cain & Abel, and rainbow tables
  • Vista does not use LM hashes, but stores passwords in the SAM file making them harder to crack
  • Can be done with NTLM hashes fairly easily if the password is weak
lab procedure10
Lab Procedure
  • Rootkits and backdoors are always a prominent threat
  • We were unable to acquire any means of attacking Vista, but the DFK ThreatSimulator or similar program may one day be updated to do so
  • F-Secure BlackLight Rootkit Eliminator is a scanning program that is capable of checking Vista for rootkits
lab procedure11
Lab Procedure
  • Worms and viruses are a serious threat to all Windows operating systems
  • We were unable to acquire any new worms or viruses, so we used the AnnaKournikova.jpg.vbs worm from a previous lab to demonstrate the need for updated anti-virus software
conclusion
Conclusion
  • Throughout the semester we have done numerous attacks and learned security techniques for both RedHat and Windows XP
  • Windows Vista is still fairly new and no labs cover the new security features it offers and how effective they may or may not be
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