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Wikis. Easy Collaboration for All. “Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That’s what we’re doing.” --Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia founder, (Wales, 2004).

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wikis

Wikis

Easy Collaboration for All

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide2
“Imagine a world in which every single person on the planet is given free access to the sum of all human knowledge. That’s what we’re doing.”
  • --Jimmy Wales, Wikipedia founder, (Wales, 2004)

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide3
Wikipedia---show and ask familiarity. See Figure 4.1 in chapter, p. 56.
  • What are the positives?
  • What are the negatives? Of an open source, web-based resource?
  • Google did intentionally allow Wikipedia top billing for a while when you did Google searches. (source: my son-in-law who works for Google in NYC)

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide4
Wiki: “wiki-wiki”: Hawaiian: quick.
  • Ward Cunningham, 1995, looking to design an easy authoring tool that might spur people to publish.
  • Wiki--Website where anyone can edit anything anytime they want.
  • Start, edit, erase. Editor-in-chief.
  • 10s of 1,000s of editors

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide5
“Whackypedia”: “If anyone can edit anything on the site any time they want, how in the world can you trust what you read there?”
  • How do you trust anything you read?
    • Pierre Salinger’s gaff with Pan Am flight over Long Island.
    • “WMD” and beginning of war in Iraq with the second Bush administration
    • New York Times reporter of a few years ago.
  • Important skill to teach: having students be willing to invest the time to find the “truth”.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide6
Important skill with voters: doing the research and sharing information on elections.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide7
Should students collaborate?
  • In what ways do you have students collaborate now?

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide8
“soft” security.
  • Community watchdog.
  • “Everyone together is smarter than anyone alone.”--p. 57
  • “weed out bias and emotion”
  • “each post is the group’s best effort”
  • “transformative potential of all these technologies”

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide9
Why teach students to use the Web and Wikipedia?
  • From “terrible resource” to “start place”. Should Wikipedia be treated as any other source? Why should it be or should you exclude it? Can you exclude it, even if your students don’t cite it?
  • Collaboration and and negotiation skills

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide10
Wikirecipes.net
  • Wikitravel.org
  • Buffalo Wings wiki (http://tinyurl.com/5ss9wu)
  • Wiktionary
  • Wikinews
  • Wikispecies
  • Wikiquotes
  • Different corporations and agencies sharing info on closed source Wikis--what we will do.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide11
Project teams to keep track of work.
  • Employees to share info and collaborate.
  • Teachers to build resource sites for classes.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

how do they work
How do they work?
  • Every page in a wiki has a link that says: “edit page” (show the TAH wiki). Either shows code or “what you see is what you get”--wysiwyg. Just edit.
  • Each page--page history. Near edit page.
  • See changes. By whom. What was changed.
  • Use history page to revert back should someone “muck up” the page. How vandals are dealt with and why they give up.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide13
“Discussion” tab. Allows editors or contributors to carry out negotiations over what should appear.
  • Example: Global Warming: http://tinyurl.com/33885n) Give and take skills.
  • Wikis can play havoc with copyright and intellectual property. Open source software philosophy--quality of product more important than owning idea or code--anathema to many people, e.g. authors, writers, corporations. Threat to “gate-keepers”.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide14
“Collaboration as the expectation rather than the exception.” p.59

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

the challenge of wikipedia in schools
The Challenge of Wikipedia in Schools
  • “Knowing what sources to trust is becoming a much more labor-intensive exercise.” p.59
  • Teachers should always check resources.
  • Opposite of a thesis.
  • Find info and evaluate it or repeat work already done?
  • Idea of having students responsible for contributing info and evaluation to a larger audience. My students, when publishing to the Web, seemed to take publication more seriously than when I was the only reader.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

slide16
A need for a different view than “twittering” and “Facebook” (What you publish can and will be copied and shared. Maybe, just maybe, have your students think a little bit before posting just anything on the Web.)

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

concerns about using wikis in the classroom
Concerns about using Wikis in the classroom
  • Vandalizing from without
    • “soft security”--making students responsible for monitoring wiki.
    • Works best when teachers give students responsible.
    • One parent’s complaint could end the whole project.
    • Password and log-in system

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

concerns about using wikis in the classroom18
Concerns about using Wikis in the classroom
  • Restrict access-which is what we will do at the outset of this project.
  • Teachers need to examine role in using wikis
  • More student autonomy the better--”democratic process of knowledge creation”--p.61
  • Build knowledge, collaborate, negotiate.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

uses of wikis in schools
Uses of wikis in schools
  • Collaborative curriculum process
  • Resource
  • Showcase for best practices
  • Class Wikipedia--add graphics, links, annotations, reflections, post PowerPoint presentations, video and audio files, spreadsheets--graphs. Starting point for other classes to add to or edit.
  • Further discussion: http://tinyurl.com/2zu6tb

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

uses of wikis in schools20
Uses of wikis in schools
  • Teacher and student published resource might not make textbook publishers happy, “not professionally edited”--p.62
  • Entire national high school curriculum for country of South Africa on a wiki. MCHE is sponsoring a wiki for GLCEs that should be on-line by this fall. http://tinyurl.com/nvu9v

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

uses of wikis in schools21
Uses of wikis in schools
  • 10,000 textbook modules created.
  • Students create or edit book entries already started.
  • Wikibooks
  • Wikijunior, offshoot of Wikibooks. http://tinyurl.com/ma7hw Full color booklets for age 8 to 11. “Bugs” booklet

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

uses of wikis in schools22
Uses of wikis in schools
  • Pedagogical reasons:
    • Open-source software introduction
    • Community collaboration
    • Respect for others’ ideas, intellectual property, public domain.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

examples of wikis in k 12 education
Examples of Wikis in K-12 Education
  • Vicki Davis, Westwood High School, Camilla, Georgia.
    • “Flat Classroom”--take-off from “Flat Earth”, Thomas Friedman. http://Flatclassroomproject.wikispaces.com
    • Bangladesh and Georgia
    • Worked together in same environment--commonality
    • Edit and add
    • Easy to build and grow
    • Easy to share with large audiences

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

examples of wikis in k 12 education24
Examples of Wikis in K-12 Education
  • Jason Welker, Shangai American School.
  • Wikinomics http://tinyurl.com/6ruy3y
  • Collaborative construction by students
  • AP Economics review test for AP exam.
  • Links to syllabus
  • Links to individual pages
  • Chapters--information and resources

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

examples of wikis in k 12 education25
Examples of Wikis in K-12 Education
  • Podcasts
  • Relevant YouTube videos
  • Embedded chat box
  • WetPaint--way for teacher to monitor
  • Link back to class blog

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

examples of wikis in k 12 education26
Examples of Wikis in K-12 Education
  • Shelly Paul, Georgia, book study on Turn Homeward, Hannalee, by Patricia Beatty http://tinyurl.com/36sy57
  • Interviews, presentations, references
  • Learning as “evolution”, “always made better” versus learn and forget after the test.

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

examples of wikis in k 12 education27
Examples of Wikis in K-12 Education
  • PlanetMath http://tinyurl.com/9orxf
  • Mathematical encyclopedia

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

ideas
Ideas
  • Book report wikis
  • “what I did over the summer” wikis
  • Brainstorming wikis
  • Poetry wikis
  • Notes from class wikis
  • Grade level wikis
  • History of the school or community wikis

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

ideas29
Ideas
  • Formula wikis
  • Wikis for countries
  • Wikis for studying political parties or candidates

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

wiki tools for schools
Wiki Tools for Schools
  • Wikispaces
  • WetPaint

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

let s get started
Let’s get Started
  • YouTube: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-dnL00TdmLY&feature=channel_page
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ul9YM7QZZis
  • http://www.ikiw.org/2008/04/10/interview-the-state-of-wikis-in-education/
  • http://thwt.org/historywikis.html

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University

other wiki tools and resources
Other Wiki Tools and Resources
  • Wiki Engines: http://tinyurl.com/34584q
  • Webnote
  • Google docs: http://docs.google.com
  • The Wiki prayer, p.69

Dick Cooley Grand Valley State University