Universities as Organisations. Jon File. The university as a mini-city. The university as shopping mall?. The University. “Sometimes thought of as a series of individual faculty entrepreneurs held together by a common grievance over parking” Clark Kerr 1963: 20.
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“Sometimes thought of as a series of individual faculty entrepreneurs held together by a common grievance over parking”
Clark Kerr 1963: 20
“About eighty-five institutions in the western world established by 1520 still exist in recognisable forms, with similar functions and unbroken histories, including the Catholic church, the parliaments of the Isle of Man, of Iceland and of Great Britain, several Swiss cantons, and seventy universities. Kings that rule, feudal lords with vassals, guilds with monopolies are gone. These seventy universities, however, are still in the same locations with some of the same buildings, with professors and students doing much the same things, and with governance carried on in much the same ways.”
Clark Kerr: 1982: 152
a 700 year old problem?
“ Whatever the differences in scale and technology, there is a hard core of perennial problems which have taxed the minds and ingenuity of university legislators from the thirteenth century to the present day. Matters of organisational form and democratic procedures … are just some of the issues which reveal the strands of continuity linking the medieval
studium generale and the universities of the modern world.”
A new convergence?
BOX # 1
as the first. Here I go
BOX # 2
Can’t live with them, can’t live without them
Tensions between the patients
and the nurses
A necessary evil
Them and us
Up and down the hill
internal institutional authority
models of university decision making
“ The leader of a bureaucracy makes rational decisions, the leader of a community of equals searches for common ground and consensus, the leader of a political system uses power to craft coalitions and compromises, and the leader of a cultural system manipulates symbols to influence the way the organisation creates meaning.
A good academic leader is one who can do all these things, even when doing one of them is inconsistent with doing another.”
of the largest industries in the nation
but are among the least businesslike and
well managed of all organizations
George Keller, 1983:
Management revolution in HE.
HEIs suffer from demand overload and a lack of capacity (including management capacity) to deal with these growing
Bob Clark, 1998:
Creating entrepreneurial universities
American colleges and universities are poorly run but highly effective
Bob Birnbaum, 1989: How colleges work
Speculation 1: the success of the system has come about in spite of bad management, and if management could be improved the system could be made even more effective
Speculation 2: in universities and colleges management and performance are not closely related. Management improvements will not affect performance too much
Speculation 3: Colleges and universities are successful because they are poorly managed. Attempts to improve management might diminish organizational effectiveness