the rise of the new left l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
THE RISE OF THE NEW LEFT PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
THE RISE OF THE NEW LEFT

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 21

THE RISE OF THE NEW LEFT - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 257 Views
  • Uploaded on

THE RISE OF THE NEW LEFT READING Smith, Democracy , chs. 11-12 Claudio Lomnitz, “Latin America’s Rebellion” (Course Reader #4) Hagopian and Mainwaring, Third Wave , chs. 10-11 9/11, THE WAR ON TERROR, AND RULES OF THE GAME

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'THE RISE OF THE NEW LEFT' - Audrey


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
reading
READING
  • Smith, Democracy, chs. 11-12
  • Claudio Lomnitz, “Latin America’s Rebellion” (Course Reader #4)
  • Hagopian and Mainwaring, Third Wave, chs. 10-11
9 11 the war on terror and rules of the game
9/11, THE WAR ON TERROR, AND RULES OF THE GAME
  • Nations can respond however they choose—including the use of indiscriminate force.
  • Preventive action is appropriate and acceptable.
  • There is no need to adhere to international treaties or conventions.
  • Alliances are formed around one central issue—the anti-terror campaign. Democracy and human rights are secondary issues.
  • Spectator nations must tread cautiously.
gwb and latin america
GWB AND LATIN AMERICA
  • Lack of high-level attention
  • Abandonment of negotiations with Mexico for immigration reform
  • Overriding concern with support for anti-terrorist campaign (not democracy)
  • Hubs, spokes, and FTAs
  • Politicization of drug war
  • Awaiting Fidel’s demise
  • Opposition to Chávez and the Pink Tide
recent trends in latin america
RECENT TRENDSIN LATIN AMERICA
  • Surge of leftist movements
  • Left = social justice, Right = individual freedom
  • Electoral victories, despite institutional obstacles
  • Result: democracy as a protective shield
the pink tide origins
THE PINK TIDE: ORIGINS
  • Economic—lack of growth (through 2003), poverty and inequality, frustration with Washington Consensus
  • Political—weakness of representative institutions, inattention to poor, persistence of corruption
  • International—war in Iraq, opposition to Bush policies and growing distaste for American society
the pink tide membership
THE PINK TIDE: MEMBERSHIP
  • Hugo Chávez, Venezuela (1998, 2004, 2006)
  • Lula, Brazil (2002, 2006)
  • Néstor Kirchner and Cristina Fernández, Argentina (2003, 2007)
  • Evo Morales, Bolivia (2005)
  • Daniel Ortega, Nicaragua (2006)
  • Rafael Correa, Ecuador (2006)

Near-Misses:

  • Ollanta Humala, Peru (2006)
  • Andrés Manuel López Obrador, Mexico (2006)
clarifications 1
CLARIFICATIONS #1
  • Differentiation: right/center/left
  • Contending leaders in/for Latin America:
    • Vicente Fox (Mexico)
    • Lula (Brazil)
    • Hugo Chávez (Venezuela)
clarifications 2
CLARIFICATIONS #2
  • Disenchanted masses in Latin America ≠
  • Voters for pink tide candidates ≠
  • Leftist candidates for office ≠
  • Leftist winners of presidential elections ≠
  • Pro-Chávez chief executives ≠
  • Hugo Chávez
  • Notes:
    • Tidal swell is spontaneous, not organized
    • Rivalries and defections
the pink tide goals
THE PINK TIDE: GOALS
  • Domestic—winning power, rearranging electoral alignments; overturning status quo, possibly through institutional reform; changing policy direction
  • Hemispheric—gaining support throughout Latin America (invoking “Bolivarian dream”), reducing U.S. hegemony
  • Global—challenging international order, forging alliances with developing world and non-aligned nations
challenging american myths
CHALLENGING AMERICAN MYTHS
  • The Cherished Assumption—freely elected leaders will support U.S. policy
  • The Western Hemisphere idea—the new world is distinct from old, will forge common front in international arena
  • Democracy rationale for “regime change”—free elections as protective shield
  • The hegemonic presumption—the United States can dictate political life in Latin America
gwb and the pink tide
GWB AND THE PINK TIDE
  • Strategy of “inoculation”
  • Circumvention through FTAs
  • Cultivation (and cooptation?) of Lula
  • The presidential tour (March 8-14):
    • Carefully selected sites—Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Guatemala, Mexico
    • Rhetoric of social concern
    • Only deliverable: ethanol agreement
    • The Chávez “counter-tour”
rise of hugo ch vez
RISE OF HUGO CHÁVEZ
  • 1989: Caracazo
  • 1992: Failed military coup (amnesty 1994)
  • 1998: Wins presidential election
  • 1999: Installs new constitution
  • 2002: Survives attempted coup
  • 2004: Attains support in referendum
  • 2006: Wins second presidential term
  • 2007: Declines renewal of RCTV license
  • 2007: Constitutional referendum fails
  • 2008: Oil climbs to >$100 per barrel
the problem with hugo
THE PROBLEM WITH HUGO
  • Uses language of the street (including the Arab street)—e.g., the “devil” speech
  • Sits atop petroleum (now >$100 per barrel)
  • Puts money where his mouth is
  • Breaks established rules of the game
  • Plays off resentment of Bush, U.S. power
  • Challenges Washington Consensus and FTAA
  • Goes for high stakes
  • Seeks rearrangement of prevailing world order
the bolivarian revolution
THE BOLIVARIAN REVOLUTION
  • Domestic agenda:
    • Strengthening state
    • Redistributing wealth
    • Monopolizing power
  • Global agenda:
    • Opposing U.S. hegemony
    • Building continental solidarity
    • Becoming leader of developing world
    • Consolidating oil-producing alliances
internal weaknesses
INTERNAL WEAKNESSES
  • Judiciary, rule of law and “due process”
  • Absence of representative institutions—e.g., courts, legislature, unions
  • Concentration of presidential power
  • Chávez’s own charisma
  • Economic inefficiencies
  • NB: defeat in November ’07 referendum
visions for latin america gwb and usa
VISIONS FOR LATIN AMERICA:GWB AND USA
  • Democratic—with tilt to right or center-right
  • Prosperous—with commitment to free-market policies and ties to United States
  • Unified—under U.S. leadership
  • Peaceful—in view of unanimity
  • Deferential—following U.S. lead in global arena
reality check
REALITY CHECK
  • Democracy = broad ideological spectrum, from “left” to “right”
  • Prosperity = mixed economies; rejection of Washington Consensus, FTAs, and FTAA
  • Ideology = diversity rather than unity
  • Outlooks = anti-U.S. attitudes strong and growing among large share of population
  • Alliances = rejection of U.S. leadership and rules of the game