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Chapter 2 The Internet and World Wide Web Chapter 2 Objectives Explain how e-mail, FTP, newsgroups and message boards, mailing lists, chat rooms, and instant messaging work Next Discuss the history of the Internet Describe the types of Web sites

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Chapter 2 the internet and world wide web l.jpg

Chapter 2The Internet and World Wide Web


Chapter 2 objectives l.jpg
Chapter 2 Objectives

Explain how e-mail, FTP, newsgroupsand message boards, mailing lists, chat rooms,and instant messaging work

Next

Discuss the history of the Internet

Describe the types of Web sites

Explain how to access andconnect to the Internet

Recognize how Web pagesuse graphics, animation, audio,video, virtual reality, and plug-ins

Analyze an IP address

Describe the types of e-commerce

Identify the components of a Web address

Explain the purpose of a Web browser

Identify the rules of netiquette

Search for information on the Web

Identify the steps and tools required for Web publishing


The internet l.jpg
The Internet

Chat

E-mail

Web

Message board

Instant messaging

File transfer

(1)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(2)

(6)

Next

  • What are some services found on the Internet?

p. 68 Fig. 2-1


History of the internet l.jpg
History of the Internet

ARPANET

Networking project by Pentagon’s Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)

Goal:To allow scientists at different locations to share information

Goal:To function if part of network were disabled

Became functional September 1969

Next

  • How did the Internet originate?

p. 68


History of the internet5 l.jpg
History of the Internet

Today

More than 150 million host nodes

1984

More than 1,000 host nodes

1969

Four host nodes

Next

  • How has the Internet grown?

p. 69


History of the internet6 l.jpg
History of the Internet

  • Internet2 (I2)

    • Internet-related research and development project

    • Develops and tests advanced Internet technologies

World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)

  • Oversees research, sets standards and guidelines

  • Tim Berners-Lee, director

Next

  • Who controls the Internet?

  • No onec—cit is a public, cooperative, andindependent network

  • Several organizations set standards

p. 70


How the internet works l.jpg
How the Internet Works

Next

  • How can you connect to the Internet?

Slow-speed technology

High-speed connection (Broadband)

Dial-up accessmodem in your computer uses a standard telephone line to connect to the Internet

Digital subscriber line (DSL),cable telephone Internet services (CATV), cable modem provide connections using regular copper telephone lines

Connection must be established each time you log on. Slow but inexpensive

Connection is always on—whenever the computer is running

p. 70


How the internet works8 l.jpg
How the Internet Works

Next

  • What are ways to access the Internet?

  • ISP, Regional (Ex: Red River)or National (Ex; Earth link)

  • OSP (AOL and MSN, for example)

  • Wireless Internet Service Provider(Ex: Verizon Wireless)

p. 72 Fig. 2-2


How the internet works9 l.jpg
How the Internet Works

Next

  • How might data travel the Internet using atelephone line connection?

Step 5. Regional ISP uses leased lines to send data to a national ISP

Step 1. Request data from a server on Internet

Step 3. Data travels through telephone lines to a local ISP

Step 4. Data passes through routers

Step 6. National ISP routes data across the country

Step 2. Modem converts digital signals to analog signals

Step 8. Server sends data back to you

Step 7. National ISP passes data to local ISP

p. 73 Fig. 2-3


How the internet works10 l.jpg
How the Internet Works

Next

  • How might data travel the Internet using atelephone line connection?

Step 5. Regional ISP uses leased lines to send data to a national ISP

Step 1. Request data from a server on Internet

Step 3. Data travels through telephone lines to a local ISP

Step 4. Data passes through routers

Step 6. National ISP routes data across the country

Step 2. Modem converts digital signals to analog signals

Step 8. Server sends data back to you

Step 7. National ISP passes data to local ISP

p. 73 Fig. 2-3


How the internet works11 l.jpg
How the Internet Works

Next

  • What is a domain name?

  • Text version ofInternet protocol (IP) address

  • Number that uniquely identifies each computer or device connected to Internet

p. 74 Figs. 2-4 – 2-5


The world wide web l.jpg
The World Wide Web

A worldwide collection of electronic documents

Also called the Web

Each electronic document is called a Web page

Can contain text, graphics, sound, video, and built-in connections

A Web site is a collection of related Web pages

Next

What is the World Wide Web (WWW)?

p. 75


The world wide web13 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

MicrosoftInternetExplorer

Netscape

Mozilla

Next

  • What is a Web browser?

  • Program that allows you to view Web pages

p. 75


The world wide web14 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a home page?

  • The first page that a Web site presents

  • Often provides connections to other Web pages

p. 76 Fig.2-1a


The world wide web15 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • How do handheld computers and cellular telephones access the Web?

  • Use a microbrowser that displays Web pages that contain mostly text

  • Must be Web-enabled

p. 76 Fig. 2-7


The world wide web16 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is downloading?

  • The process of a computer receiving information

  • Depending upon connection speed, downloading can take from a few seconds to several minutes

p. 76


The world wide web17 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a URL?

Unique address for a Web page

A web server delivers the Web page to your computer

p. 76 Fig. 2-8


The world wide web18 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a hyperlink (link)?

  • Built-in connection to another related Web page location

  • Item found elsewhere on same Web page

  • Different Web page at same Web site

  • Web page at a different Web site

p. 77


The world wide web19 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • How can you recognize links?

  • Pointer changes to a small handwhen you point toa link

  • A link can be text or an image

  • Text links areusually underlinedand in a differentcolor

p. 78 Fig. 2-9


The world wide web20 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a search engine?

  • Program used to find Web sites and Web pages by entering words or phrases called search text

  • Also called a keyword

p. 78 Fig. 2-10


The world wide web21 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Step 2.Select type of search you wantto run

Step 1.Go to search engine

Step 3.View hits

Step 4.Click link to view Web site

Next

  • What is a hit?

  • Any Web site name that is listed as the result of a search

p. 79 Fig. 2-11


The world wide web22 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a subject directory?

  • Search tool with organized set of topics and subtopics

  • Lets you find information by clicking links rather than entering keywords

p. 80 Fig. 2-12


The world wide web23 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

  • Portal

  • News

  • Informational

  • Business/marketing

  • Educational

  • Entertainment

  • Advocacy

  • Personal

Next

  • What are the eight basic types of Web sites?

p. 80 Fig. 2-13


The world wide web24 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a portal?

  • A Web site that offers a variety of services from one, convenient location, usually for free

  • Searching, sports, e-mail, news, weather, auctions, Web communities(Web sites that join people with similar interests)

p. 82 Fig. 2-13a


The world wide web25 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a news Web site?

  • Contains newsworthy material

  • Stories and articles relating to current events, life, money, sports, and weather

p. 82 Fig. 2-13b


The world wide web26 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is an informational Web site?

  • Contains factual information

  • Created by organizations and government agencies

p. 82 Fig. 2-13c


The world wide web27 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a business/marketing Web site?

  • Contains content that promotes products

  • Allows you to purchase products or services online

p. 82 Fig. 2-13d


The world wide web28 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is an educational Web site?

  • Offers avenues for formal and informal teachingand learning

  • Some companies offer online training for employees

  • Some colleges offer online classes and degrees

p. 82 Fig. 2-13e


The world wide web29 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is an entertainment Web site?

  • Offers an interactive environment featuring music, video, sports, games, and more

p. 83 Fig. 2-13f


The world wide web30 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is an advocacy Web site?

  • Contains content that describes a cause, opinion,or idea

p. 83 Fig. 2-13g


The world wide web31 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a personal Web site?

  • Web page maintained by private individual

  • Reasons: sharing life experience with the worldor job hunting

p. 83 Fig. 2-13h


The world wide web32 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is multimedia?

  • Application integrating text with other media elements

  • Graphics

  • Animation

  • Audio

  • Video

  • Virtual reality

p. 83 Fig. 2-15


The world wide web33 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What graphics formats are used on the Web?

BMP

JPEG(pronounced JAY-peg)

PNG(pronounced ping)

TIFF

GIF(pronounced JIFF)

PCX

p. 84 Fig. 2-16


The world wide web34 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is a thumbnail?

  • Small version of a larger graphic imagec—used to improve Web page display time

  • Usually click on thumbnail to display larger image

p. 85 Fig. 2-17


The world wide web35 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is animation?

  • Appearance of motion created bydisplaying a series of still imagesin sequence

p. 85


The world wide web36 l.jpg
The World Wide Web

Next

  • What is audio?

  • Music, speech, or any other sound

  • Individual compressed sound files that you download from the Web to your computer

  • Common Web audio file formats are MP3, WAV, WMA (Windows Media Audio), MPEG, RealAudio, and QuickTime

  • Once downloaded, you can play (listen to) the contents of the files

  • p. 86 Fig. 2-18


    The world wide web37 l.jpg
    The World Wide Web

    Next

    • What is streaming audio?

    • Transfers data in a continuous and even flow

    • Enables you to listen to the sound as it downloads to your computer

    • Radio stations use streaming audio to broadcast over the Web

    p. 87 Fig. 2-19


    The world wide web38 l.jpg
    The World Wide Web

    Next

    • What is video?

    • Consists of full-motion images with soundplayed back at various speeds

    • MPEG (Moving Pictures Experts Group)is popular video compressionstandard

    p. 88 Fig. 2-20


    The world wide web39 l.jpg
    The World Wide Web

    Next

    • What is virtual reality (VR)?

    • Use of computers to simulate real or imagined environment

    • Appears as a three dimensional (3-D) space

      • Used for games and many practical applications

    p. 88 Fig. 2-21


    The world wide web40 l.jpg
    The World Wide Web

    Next

    • What are plug-ins?

    • Programs that extend the capability of a browser

    • You can download many plug-ins at nocost from variousWeb sites

    p. 89 Fig. 2-22


    Electronic commerce l.jpg
    Electronic Commerce

    Next

    • What is e-commerce?

    • Short for electronic commerce

    • Business transaction that occurs over the Internet

    Business to consumer (B2C)Sale of goods to general public

    Consumer to consumer (C2C)One consumer sells directly to another

    Business to business (B2B)Business providing goods andservices to other businesses

    p. 90 Fig. 2-23


    Other internet services l.jpg
    Other Internet Services

    Next

    • What is e-mail?

    • Short for electronic mail

    • The transmission of messages and files via a computer network

      • Messages can consist of simple text or can contain attachments, such as documents, graphics, or audio/video clips

      • Internet access providers usually provide an e-mail program

      • Some Web sites—such as MSN Hotmail and Yahoo!—provide free e-mail services

    • One of the original services on the Internet

    p. 91


    Other internet services43 l.jpg
    Other Internet Services

    Next

    • What is an e-mail address?

    • Unique name that consists of a user name and domain name that identifies the user

    p. 93 Fig. 2-25


    Other internet services44 l.jpg
    Other Internet Services

    Step 1.Using e-mail software, you create and send message

    Step 2.Your software contacts software on your ISP’s outgoing mail server

    Step 4.When recipient uses e-mail software to check for e-mail messages, the message transfers from incoming mail server to recipient’s computer

    Step 3.Software on outgoing mail server determines best route for data and sends message, which travels along Internet routers to recipient’s incoming mail server

    Next

    • How does an e-mail message travel?

    p. 94 Fig. 2-26


    Other internet services45 l.jpg
    Other Internet Services

    Next

    • What is FTP?

    • File Transfer Protocol—Internet standard that allows you to upload and download files with other computers on the Internet

    p. 95 Fig. 2-27


    Other internet services46 l.jpg
    Other Internet Services

    Next

    • What are newsgroupsandmessage boards?

    • Newsgroup

    • Online area where users discuss a particular subject

    • Message board

    • Type of discussion group

    • Many Web sites use message boards because they are easier to use

    p. 95 Fig. 2-28


    Other internet services47 l.jpg
    Other Internet Services

    Next

    • What is a mailing list?

    • Group of e-mail addresses given a single name

    • When a message is sent to the mailing list, everyone on the list receives the message

    • To add your name to a mailing list you must subscribe to it; to remove your name you must unsubscribe

    p. 97 Fig. 2-29


    Other internet services48 l.jpg
    Other Internet Services

    Next

    • What is a chat?

    • Real-time typed conversation that takes place on a computer

    • Chat room is location on server that permits users to discuss topics of interest

    p. 98 Fig. 2-30


    Other internet services49 l.jpg
    Other Internet Services

    Step 2.The server determines if any of your established friends, family, or coworkers, called buddies, are online

    Step 1.Login to the IM server

    IM Server

    Step 3.You send instant messages to an online buddy

    messaging Server

    Step 4.Your Instant Message travels through a messaging server and then to the online buddy

    Next

    • What is instant messaging (IM)?

    • A real-time Internet communications service that notifies you when one or more people are online and allows you to exchange messages or files

    p. 98 Fig. 2-31


    Netiquette l.jpg
    Netiquette

    Next

    • What is netiquette?

    • Code of acceptable behaviors users should follow while on the Internet

    Golden Rule: Treat others as you would like them to treat you.

    p. 100


    Web publishing l.jpg
    Web Publishing

    Step 1.Plan the Web site

    Step 2.Analyze and design the Web site

    Step 3.Create the Web site

    Step 4.Deploy the Web site

    Step 5.Maintain the Web site

    Next

    • What is Web publishing?

    • Development and maintenance of Web pages

    p. 100 Fig. 2-33


    Summary of the internet and world wide web l.jpg
    Summary of the Internet and World Wide Web

    History of the Internet

    Other Internet services

    How to access and connect to the Internet

    Netiquette

    The World Wide Web

    Web publishing

    Electronic commerce

    Chapter 2 CompleteBack to Presentations