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RISK ASSESSMENT, PRECAUTION and APPROVAL PROCESSES: CONSEQUENCES for ANIMALS Janne Kuil M.Sc Policy adviser Dutch Society for the Protection of Animals (DSPA) EU Conference ‘ GMO free regions, biodiversity and rural development in Europe’ , Berlin, January 22/23, 2005 STATE of AFFAIRS

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risk assessment precaution and approval processes consequences for animals

RISK ASSESSMENT, PRECAUTION and APPROVAL PROCESSES:CONSEQUENCES for ANIMALS

Janne Kuil M.Sc

Policy adviser

Dutch Society for the Protection of Animals

(DSPA)

EU Conference ‘GMO free regions, biodiversity and rural development in Europe’, Berlin, January 22/23, 2005

state of affairs
STATE of AFFAIRS

CONCERNS about SAFETY of

GMO FEED & FOOD:

ANIMALS : FEED & FOOD for animals in the WILD

HUMANS : – direct: CROPS and FRUIT

- indirect: MEAT & other PRODUCTS

(milk, eggs) from ANIMALS

EATING GMO FEED

ENVIRONMENT: EFFECTS on FLORA, FAUNA

EU Conference ‘GMO free regions, biodiversity and rural development in Europe’, Berlin, January 22/23, 2005

eu committee efsa
EU COMMITTEE & EFSA

MEMBER STATES (SCIENTIFIC COMMITTEES)

EU FOOD EU COMMITTEE

SAFETY AUTHORITY

: their different ROLES

: STATE of AFFAIRS

EU Conference ‘GMO free regions, biodiversity and rural development in Europe’, Berlin, January 22/23, 2005

ethical dilemma s
(ETHICAL) DILEMMA’S

RISK/SAFETY ASSESSMENT will be established by:

* ANIMAL EXPERIMENTS:

feeding & toxicity tests on

  • FARM ANIMALS (cows, pigs, chickens etc.)
  • LABORATORY ANIMALS (mice, rats etc.)
  • WILD ANIMALS (all kinds of animals)

EU Conference ‘GMO free regions, biodiversity and rural development in Europe’, Berlin, January 22/23, 2005

role of ngo s
ROLE of NGO’S

PROBLEM of DIFFERENCES of OPINION about the PROTECTION of a SINGLE ANIMAL or SPECIES

(animal protection versus nature protection)?- is this opposition in opinion real?

! DANGER is:

  • ARGUMENTS and FIGHTS among NGOs
  • NGOs being PLAYED OFF against each other
  • NGOs NOT being TRUSTED by PUBLIC

EU Conference ‘GMO free regions, biodiversity and rural development in Europe’, Berlin, January 22/23, 2005

situation in the netherlands
SITUATION in the NETHERLANDS

EXISTENCE of MANY DIFFERENT NGOs:

  • NATURE PROTECTION
  • ORGANIC FARMERS
  • NORTH – SOUTH RELATIONS
  • ANIMAL PROTECTION
  • RELIGIOUS PLATFORMS

organised in

PLATFORM GENETECHNOLOGY

(with RESPECT for EACH OTHERS’ INTERESTS and ROLES)

EU Conference ‘GMO free regions, biodiversity and rural development in Europe’, Berlin, January 22/23, 2005

conclusion suggestions
CONCLUSION & SUGGESTIONS

INSISTANCE on FEED/FOOD SAFETY without ANIMAL TESTING

  • DEVELOPMENT of ALTERNATIVE (REPLACEMENT) TESTING STRATEGIES (in vitro, QSAR’s etc.)

DIALOGUE and COOPERATION between NGOs and relevant STAKEHOLDERS (e.g. farmers)

EU Conference ‘GMO free regions, biodiversity and rural development in Europe’, Berlin, January 22/23, 2005