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Research paper proposal due next Thursday View video 005202 Part 1 : The Movies Begin: The Great Train Robbery, Sac State Library, write brief descriptions of the films, technologies, techniques and turn it in to me for credit. You have two weeks to see this video and turn in your notes. Quiz
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Research paper proposal due next Thursday View video 005202 Part 1 : The Movies Begin:The Great Train Robbery, Sac State Library, write brief descriptions of the films, technologies, techniques and turn it in to me for credit. You have two weeks to see this video and turn in your notes.
30 minutes total
2 questions: 15 minutes each
Please put everything away.
Take out paper and pen. Write your name, date, and
“Art and Photography” on top of your paper.
Identify this photograph from the previous lecture: 1) full name and nationality of photographer, 2) title of photograph, 3) date, 4) medium, and 5) photographic movement if relevant. Discuss the photograph in terms of the Trachtenberg reading and previous class lecture. Show what you have learned – give as many facts as you can. Include titles of related works by this and other photographers. How did the public see and respond to works like this? Why?
Identify this photograph from the previous lecture: 1) full name and nationality of photographer, 2) title of photograph, 3) date, 4) medium, and 5) photographic movement if relevant. Discuss the photograph in terms of the essay by this photographer, other readings, and class lecture. Display what you have learned – give as many facts as you can. Mention related readings. Include titles of related works by this and other artists. How did the public see and respond to works like this? Why?
“In the summer of 1861 it was stated that 33,000 people made their living from the production of photographs and photographic materials in Paris alone.”
Gersheim quoted by Max Kozloff
“Nadar and the Republic of Mind”
André-Adolphe Disdéri (French, 1819-1890), uncut sheet of Cartes-de-Visite, albumen contact print from a wet-plate negative, c.1855-1870 shot in Disderi's Paris studio. Unknown sitter
Disdéri, multiple shot camera,
consecutively released shutters
A Carte-de-visite was a tiny photographic image mounted on a 2.5 x 4 inch
André-Adolphe Disdéri, Napoleon III, Empress Eugenie, and son, Eugène Napoleon, albumen print, with carte-de-visite, c.1860, 3 3/8 in. x 2 in. Disderi was Napoleon’s court photographer beginning in May, 1859 when Napoleon III interrupted his march to war to pose for a photograph in Disderi’s studio.
Disderi, H.R. H Princess Beatrice, Daughter of Queen Victoria, carte-de-visite, c.1860
Disdéri, Napoleon III
Empress Eugénie, and
Prince Eugène, c.1860
Disdéri, Bodies of Dead Communards, 1871
Self-Portrait, 1855. Left & right are from 1863.
“Nadar” was derived from his nickname ("tourne a dard") meaning "bitter sting," which he earned for his caricatures
Edouard Manet, The 1867 World Exhibition,
Nadar’s balloon, The Giant, is upper right
Boston from a
October 13, 1860
Nadar created the first aerial views of cities but first works were lost.
of Paris, 1864-65
The theory of photography can be taught in an hour; the first ideas of how to go about it in a day. What can't be taught... is the feeling for light - the artistic appreciation of effects produced by different...sources; it's the understanding of this or that effect following the lines of the features which required your artistic perception.
What is taught even less, is the immediate understanding of your subject - it's this immediate contact which can put you in sympathy with the sitter, helps you to sum them up, follow their normal attitudes, their ideas, according to their personality, and enables you to make not just a chancy, dreary cardboard copy typical of the merest hack in the darkroom, but a likeness of the most intimate and happy kind....
Nadar, Young Woman, 1859
First Impressionist Exhibition 15 April 1874: “Exhibition of the Société Anonyme of Painters, Sculptors, and Printmakers”(left) Nadar (Gaspard-Felix Tournachon) (1820-1910) Nadar¹s Studio at 35 Boulevard des Capucines’(right) Claude Monet, Boulevard des Capucines, 1873 (31 1/4 x 23 1/4")
This mystic and dreamy poet, reader of
Swedenborg and the Cabala, a confirmed
eccentric and finally a mad suicide ….
Nadar shows us a small, round, bald-
headed plebian, seemingly a lumpfaced
Lady Clementina Hawarden (British, 1822-65). Isabella Grace and Clementina Maude (daughters) in 5 Princes Garden, from Studies from Life, Albumen print from wet collodion on glass negative. England, 1864. Allegory
Lady Clementina Hawarden, Clementina Looking into a Large Mirror, albumen print from wet collodion negative, c.1864James McNeil Whistler, Symphony in White, 1864. Whistler admired and collected Hawarden’s photographs
Hawarden, Girl at the Window, early 1860sImpressionist light effect. Yet the combination of simple pose and an overt appeal to the imagination is also characteristic of Pre-Raphaelism. Rossetti's drawings of Elizabeth Siddal are an obvious example.
Rossetti, Elizabeth Siddal
Kneeling, Playing a Double
Pipe, pencil on paper, 1854
Cameron’s Dimbola Lodge
on the Isle of Wight
George Frederic Watts
Julia Margaret Cameron
1850-1852, oil on canvas,
Cameron, Alfred Lord Tennyson,
1865, one of Cameron’s famous
artist neighbors on the Isle of Wight
The habit of running into the dining room with my wet pictures has stained such an immense quantity of table linen with nitrate of silver, indelible stains, that I should have been banished from any less indulgent household.
“Annals of My Glass House, 1874
With the model ready, Cameron inserted a large, wet glass plate into her wooden camera, which was equipped with a heavy brass lens. Though briefer than daguerreotype exposure times, she exposed her plates to light for three to eight minutes – too long for any model to hold completely still.
Cameron's lens did not cover the large size of her glass plate negatives (about 11x14”), making it impossible to keep the entire image in focus.
Resulting prints were printed directly from the negative. Not enlarged.
Cameron, Julia Jackson, 1867, albumen print
The idea that the blur could be used as a strategy was a conceptual break from the portrait ideal in which a sitter was rendered absolutely still.
“My first successes in my out-of-focus pictures were a fluke.. . When focusing and coming to something which, to my eye, was very beautiful, I stopped there instead of screwing on the lens to the more definite focus.”
The making of “out of focus” photographs was considered an expressive remedy that shifted the artificial, machine-focus of a camera towards a more natural vision.
When I have such men before my camera my whole soul has endeavored to do its duty towards them in recording faithfully the greatness of the inner as well as the features of the outer man. The photograph thus taken has been almost the embodiment of a prayer.
Cameron, Henry Taylor as Rembrandt, 1865, carbon printRembrandt van Rijn, Self-portrait, 1658, oil on canvas. Compare lighting and seriousness of pose
Julia Margaret Cameron, Mariana, "She said I am aweary, aweary, I would that I were dead,” 1875 (last line of every stanza inTennyson’s poem, Mariana)
Compare: William Morris (British,
1834-1896) La Belle Iseult, 1858
Film Still #21, 1978
Cameron, TheEcho, 1867, playacting in
costume for the camera
King Arthur, from Idylls of the King and Other Poems by Alfred, Lord Tennyson, volume I, plate XII, 1874, albumen, 25.7 x 35.3 cm. The model is William Warder, a local porter at the Yarmouth ferry pier
c.1870, albumen print
Compare Sally Mann (American, b. 1951) wet plate process
(Cameron’s parlor maid, Mary Hillier) 1867
Compare: Dante Gabriel Rossetti, Beata Beatrix, c.1864-70, oil on canvas
Cameron, Mary Hillier as Madonna, 2 images in series, c. 1865, albumen silver photographs, 15.6 x 20.0 cmRaphael, Madonna della Seggiolo, c. 1512, oil on canvas, inspiration for madonna series
Detail of Raphael’s
Sistine Madonna, 1512
Hiller’s children as putti
I believe in other than mere conventional topographic photography - map making and skeleton rendering of feature and form without that roundness and fullness of face and feature, that modeling of flesh and limb, which the focus I use only can give.
As to spots they must I think remain. I could have them touched out but ... Artists for this reason amongst others value my photographs.
Julia Margaret Cameron
Lewis Carroll’s Wonderland Alice
Lewis Carroll(b. Charles Dodgson, British,1832-1898),Alice, 1858, collodion Lewis Carroll on J. M Cameron:"In the evening Mrs. Cameron and I had a mutual exhibition of photographs. Hers are all taken purposely out of focus - some are very picturesque - some merely hideous - however, she talks of them as if they were triumphs of art."
Last page of original Alice’s Adventures
In Wonderland manuscript, published 1865
Unknown Photographer, The Ghost of Milton, 3 1/2 x 7 in., Albumen silver stereograph, c. 1860Spirit photography began in the US and spread to Europe
(left) Édouard Isidore Buguet (French, b. 1840), Fluidic Effect, 1875 (right) Theodor Prinz (German, active early 1900s) Ghost, c.1900, Gelatin silver print
Theodor Prinz (German, active in the early 1900s) Ghost, c.1900, Gelatin silver printCompare contemporary work (right) by Anna Gaskel (US, b. 1969) Half Life #95, series commissioned by the Menil Collection, 2002, C-Print
Eugène Thiébault (French b. 1825) Henri Robin and a Specter, 1863Compare contemporary work by Adam Fuss (British b. 1961) From the series My Ghost (Dress), 2001, gelatin silver print photogram, unique piece, 32 x 41 in