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Red Algae. What is Red Algae?. It is the largest phyla of algae Its scientific name is rhodophyta It is made up of eukaryotic cells without flagella and centrioles, unstacked thylakoids, and no chloroplast ER. . Unstacked thylakoids in plastids.

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what is red algae
What is Red Algae?
  • It is the largest phyla of algae
  • Its scientific name is rhodophyta
  • It is made up of eukaryotic cells without flagella and centrioles, unstacked thylakoids, and no chloroplast ER.
  • Unstacked thylakoids in plastids
pigment
Some red algae have very little phycoerythrin, and may appear green or bluish.Pigment
  • Red algae is red because of the presence of red phycoerythrin. It is often the dominant pigment.
  • It reflects red light and absorbs blue light.
depth
Depth
  • Because blue light penetrates water to a greater depth than light of longer wavelengths, these pigments allow red algae to photosynthesize and live at greater depths than most other algae.
slide5
Food
  • In Asia, red algae is an important source of food.
  • It has a high vitamin and protein content.
  • It is easy to cultivate, which began in Japan more than 300 years ago.
  • Red algae can be dried up to make nori
products
Products
  • One type of red algae, coralline, secretes a calcium carbonate skeleton in the same way that corals do. They have contributed to reef structure even more so than corals.
  • A closer look at coralline algae: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ITW023ZU7Zo&feature=related
review questions
Review Questions
  • Why is red algae red?
  • What is the significance of coralline red algae?
  • What does coralline red algae secrete?
  • Red algae reflects what and absorbs what?
  • Why is red algae able to grow at greater depths than other algae?
  • What about red algae makes it a valuable food source?
  • Answers on next slide...
review question answers
Review Question Answers
  • Because of the presence of red phycoerythrin
  • It contributes a lot to reef structure
  • Calcium carbonate
  • Red algae reflects red light and absorbs blue light.
  • Because blue light penetrates water to a greater depth than light of longer wavelengths
  • It has a high vitamin and protein content and also easy to cultivate