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PRT for a Suburban Shopping Centre The Kungens Kurva Test Site in Huddinge, Sweden EDICT-Cardiff Conference, 25-26 October 2004, by Göran Tegnér, Transek AB; and Ingmar Andréasson, LogistikCentrum Contents Kungens Kurva Shopping centre Public Transport is not attractive enough…

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slide1

PRT for a Suburban Shopping Centre The Kungens Kurva Test Site in Huddinge, SwedenEDICT-Cardiff Conference, 25-26 October 2004, by Göran Tegnér, Transek AB; and Ingmar Andréasson, LogistikCentrum

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

contents
Contents
  • Kungens Kurva Shopping centre
  • Public Transport is not attractive enough…
  • … and cars are congested – PRT is the answer
  • The Swedish EDICT- test site
  • PRT at Kungens Kurva-shopping centre
  • Assessment results: benefits, costs and user acceptance
  • In Conclusion

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

kungens kurva shopping centre
Kungens Kurva Shopping Centre
  • Scandinavia’s largest Commercial Centre
  • 4,500 employed
  • 42,000 daily visitors today
  • 63,500 projected visitors in 2015
  • 23,000 cars per peak day
  • 3,000 cars at peak hour

Kungens Kurva

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

bus and lrt is not attractive
Bus and LRT is not attractive
  • Industry
    • from Mass production to Lean production
  • Public Transport
    • From ”Mass transit” to ”Lean Transit”
  • Maximum door-to-door-speed =>
    • Bus 13 km/hour => Bicycle speed =>
    • LRT 17 km/hour => Bicycle speed =>
  • Corridor transport modes (Bus, LRT)=>
    • Long Walk-, Wait-, Transfer and In-vehicle Times

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

micro simulated peak hour speed for car bus to kungens kurva
Micro-simulated Peak hour Speed for Car & Bus to Kungens Kurva

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

time for a better system prt is an i nnovative t ransport s ystem
Time for a Better System:PRTis anInnovativeTransportSystem
  • Driverless vehicles waiting for you
  • No waiting, direct to destination
  • Travel in privacy and station on side-tracks
  • Investment 30 % of light rail
  • Service level of taxi
  • Operation cheaper than bus

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

slide7

Evaluation andDemonstration of Innovative City Transport – EU-programme ”Cities of Tomorrow”

  • Swedish Test Site at Kungens Kurva, Huddinge, SW of Stockholm
    • PRT network – 4 phases
    • Local Travel Survey
    • Travel Demand Modelling
    • User Acceptance Study
    • Benefit-Cost Analysis
    • 4 PRT Systems assessed & Dissemination

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

edict swedish partners
EDICTSwedish partners…
  • Swedish co-funding: VINNOVA
  • Huddinge Municipality
  • Transek AB
  • LogistikCentrum
  • Sigtuna Municipality is a ”Follower City”

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

a prt net for kungens kurva sk rholmen
A PRT net for Kungens Kurva-Skärholmen
  • Phase 0: 1 loop: 3 km;5 stations; 8 vehicles;
  • Phase 1: 2 loops: 5,5 km; 11 stations: 45 vehicles
  • Phase 2: 3 loops: 8,3 km; 15 stations; 85 vehicles

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

a strong users accetance 1
A Strong Users’ Accetance-1
  • 3 Focus groups – 28 persons, October 2003
    • Difficult to travel to and inside Kungens Kurva
    • With PRT: more visitors and more shopping. 80 % of Public transport and 50 % of car users
    • A great curiosity about PRT among everybody, except from whose with bulky luggage
    • A positive willingness to pay for PRT among public transport users: 39 % of public transport users: 0.5-1.5 € per PRT trip
  • In Cardiff Willingness-to-pay is 80 % higher for ULTra PRT (£1.80) compared to Cardiff Bus trips (£1)

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

ingmar andr asson s presentation in here
Ingmar Andréasson’s presentation in here

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

strong user s acceptance 2
Strong User’s Acceptance-2

“PRT must always work properly and be fresh-looking, to have a future. If it fails and gets into trouble, it gets a bad reputation and nobody will use it“

  • ”It will be funny to go by PRT ’up-stairs’”. ”The vehicles really look great and smart, just like science fiction. The kids would love it, I believe”
  • ” Visual intrusion is no problem – PRT it is rather a positive adventure”
  • “Security is no problem,Fine with cameras and possi­bilities to chose companions for the ride”

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

prt at kungens kurva
PRT at Kungens Kurva
  • Enhanced Attractiveness
    • 4 times more transit trips than today (PRT full net)
    • 26 % shorter travel time from Stockholm City
    • Market share up from 5 to 20 %
  • Reduced Car Traffic by 9 % =>
    • Valuable land (today used for car-parking )will be relieved for commercial use

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

prt attracts both car and public transport trips and creates new mobility
PRT attracts both Car and Public Transport Trips and creates New Mobility

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

prt a sustainable transport mode
PRT – a Sustainable Transport Mode
  • Increased Traffic Safety with PRT =>
    • 3 fewer accidents annually, 2 fewer personal injuries (-8 %). Net surplus: 0.7 M €/year
  • Reduced car ownership by 13 %
  • Energy conservation by 9 %
  • Reduced CO2-emissions by 8 %
    • -1 615 ton/year. Net surplus 0.2 M€/year

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

benefits to the shopping centre
Benefitsto the Shopping centre
  • PRT enhances the Status & Attractiveness of the area
  • PRT => 17 % more visitors
    • PRT as a Tourist attraction is not included
    • Increased commercial revenues and profitability
  • 2 Parking-houses  transfer betw. car & PRT
    • Frees parking-lots to more valuable commercial activities
    • PRT-stations can be integrated within shopping malls => Enhanced turnover on the second floor

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

costs of an ultra prt at kungens kurva
Costs of an ULTra PRT at Kungens Kurva

PRT Oper.

Cost/trip=>

1/2 of a LRT-

system

PRT capital cost =>

1/3 of a LRT-system

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

prt benefit cost analysis
PRT – Benefit-Cost Analysis

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

in conclusion
In Conclusion
  • Traditional Public Transport is not attractive and Car Traffic get jammed in congestion
  • PRT allows individual trips on a common guideway with non-stop service direct to the destination; all passengers being seated; available 24 hours a day even for disabled persons by wheelchair.
  • PRT brings environmental-friendly, energy saving & safety trips on demand; with privacy at a lower cost and with a higher comfort than other urban modes.

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

slide20

Many Dissemination Activities…

… creates a growing understanding of the beauty of PRT …

.. but still no political decisions so far…

... ”Good ideas can never be killed - only postponed!”

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

background pictures
Background pictures

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

26 lower generalized time by prt

Generalized (weighted) travel time from Stockholm City to

Kungens Kurva without and with PRT in 2002

Weighted travel time in minutes

70

Total travel time reduced

60

from 65 to 48 minutes; -26%

15

50

9

Wait time

40

22

Walk time

13

30

In-vehicle time

20

28

26

10

0

Without PRT

with PRT

26% lower Generalized Time by PRT

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

3 4 times higher mode share with prt
3-4 Times Higher Mode Share with PRT

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

sources of benefits with prt
Sources of Benefits with PRT

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

supply and costs for various prt phases
Supply and costs for various PRT-phases

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

prt costs one third of a lrt system
PRT costs one-third of a LRT-system

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

low prt operating cost saves scarce resources
Low PRT operating cost saves scarce resources

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

network efficiency 1
Network efficiency-1

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

network efficiency 2
Network efficiency-2

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

network efficiency 3
Network efficiency-3

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system

trip pattern 2015
Trip Pattern 2015

Yellow = PRT tripsr

Red = reduced bus trips

Green = increased Publ. Trp. trips

PRT - A cost-effective, sustainable and innovative transport system