Developing and Implementinga Vision for Chronic Disease Prevention and Management in South Australia Iolanda Principe Director, Primary Health Care Branch
Outline • South Australia Strategic Plan • SA chronic disease framework • An example of NSIF use in SA • Systems of Care issues • Models of Care
Headlines • Approximately 80% of the total burden of disease in Australia arises from long term conditions such as CVD, diabetes, asthma, arthritis, cancers, and mental illness. • 51% of Australian adults in 2001 had one or more chronic diseases, which may have resulted in disability or death. • Heart disease, stroke, cancers and lung diseases are the underlying cause of more than 75% of all deaths in Australia. • 40% of South Australian adults (>447,000) have at least one of the following chronic conditions: arthritis, current asthma, CVD, current COPD, diabetes or osteoarthritis.
SouthAustralia’sStrategic Plan South Australia’s Strategic Plan (March 2004) clearly articulates key objectives for this State over the next decade. The plan makes specific commitment to implement recommendations of the Generational Health Review including: • provide health services closer to home • give greater priority to prevention, early intervention and health promotion • strengthen primary health care services • improve health services for the most vulnerable people in the community • develop a health system that focuses on the needs ofthe population rather than those of health institutions.
SouthAustralia’sStrategic Plan Objectives • Growing Prosperity • Improving Wellbeing • Attaining Sustainability • Fostering Creativity • Building Communities • Expanding Opportunity Objectives 2 and 6 provide specific targets for the health system.
SouthAustralia’sStrategic Plan Objective 2 – Improving Wellbeing • Increase healthy life expectancy of South Australians to lead the nation within 10 years. • Reduce the percentage of young cigarette smokers by 10% within 10 years. • Reduce the percentage of South Australians who are overweight or obese by 10% within 10 years. • Exceed the Australian average for participation in sport and physical activity within 10 years.
SouthAustralia’sStrategic Plan Objective 6 – Expanding Opportunity • Reduce the gap between the outcomes for South Australia’s Aboriginal population and those of the rest of South Australia’s population, particularly in relation to health, life expectancy, employment, school retention rates and imprisonment.
KeyDirectionsfor SA Overarching Strategy Adopt a clustered approach to chronic disease prevention and management Action Strategies 1. Increase system coordination and integration 2. Increase the availability of a system for self- management 3. Increase primary health care capacity for prevention, early detection, early intervention, and chronic disease management
Are theNSIF’s useful?CancerNSIF into action • NSIF Cancer is being used to inform the development of the Statewide Cancer Control Plan (SCCP) • Principles in the National Framework have been embedded into the principles in the SCCP. • The NSIF Cancer has a focus on the patient journey across the continuum of care. • To be relevant as a framework for SA, the SCCP goes beyond this to also encompass infrastructure, workforce and also sets a cancer research agenda for SA.
StatewideCancer Control Plan:CancerNSIF into Action • NSIF Cancer is a high level framework for consumers, clinicians, planners and designers, policy makers, funders, professionals and managers on achieving person focused, equitable, timely and effective cancer care for all Australians. • SA Department of Health in collaboration with The Cancer Council SA is developing a Statewide Cancer Control Plan as a strategic planning tool to inform development and improve cancer control in SA
StatewideCancer Control Plan:CancerNSIF into action • In developing the SCCP, real congruency with the directions in the NSIF has been achievable: • a reflection of the level of consultation with the stakeholders during the development phase of the NSIF • also a reflection of the integrity of the consultation process in informing the final NSIF -Cancer. • SCCP Discussion Paper prepared by end April 2005. • Discussion Paper will form the basis of a consultation process being undertaken in May • SA SCCP completed by June 2005.
Systems ofCare: ApplyingEvidence We know what is required to improve our systems of care and patient health but we don’t apply what we already know.
Health carefor chronic conditions:What do we know? • Disease burden has changed towards chronic conditions world wide. Health systems have not. • Highly effective interventions exist for most chronic conditions, yet patients do not receive them. • Current health systems are designed to provide episodic, acute health care and fail to address self management, prevention and follow-up. • Chronic conditions require a different kind of healthcare (mismatch).
TYPICALCARE - The RadarSyndrome The Radar Syndrome • Patient appears • Patient is treated “find it and fix it” • Patient is discharged • … then disappears from radar screen
Radar logic= inappropriate care forchronicconditions • System oriented to acute illness • Patient’s role not emphasized • Follow-up sporadic • Prevention overlooked
Missedopportunitiesfor clinicalprevention:Whatis the impact? • Tobacco smokers have 18% higher medical charges than non-smokers • A one-unit increase in BMI raises medical charges by 1.9% • Each additional day of physical activity per week reduces medical charges by 4.7% Study conclusions: “Health plans that do not systematically support members’ efforts to improve health related behaviours may be incurring significant short-term health care charges that may be at least partly preventable.” JAMA. 1999; 282: 2235-9
Chronic conditionsrequire an evolutionof health care… …….from typical (radar care) to achievable Innovative Care • No longer is each risk factor and chronic illness being considered in isolation. • Awareness is increasing that similar strategies can be equally effective in treating many different conditions. • Organised systems of care, not simply individual health care workers, are essential in producing positive outcomes.
ConceptualFrameworks forChronicDisease • A range of conceptual frameworks have been developed for the prevention and management of chronic disease • A “whole of system” approach is required to be effective • For successful implementation, an active change management process is required
Wagner Chronic Care Model 1997 Community Health System Resources and Policies Health Care Organizations DeliverySystem Design ClinicalInformationSystems Self-Management Support Decision Support Prepared, Proactive Practice Team Informed, Activated Patient Productive Interactions Improved Outcomes
Wagner Chronic CareModel Elements • Self-management support: Empower and prepare patients to manage their health and health care. • Delivery system design: Assure the delivery of effective, efficient clinical care and self-management support. • Decision support: Promote clinical care that is consistent with scientific evidence and patient preferences. • Clinical information system: Organize patient and population data to facilitate efficient and effective care. • Health care organization: Create a culture, organization and mechanisms that promote safe, high quality care. • Community: Mobilize community resources to meet needs of patients.
Positive Policy Environment Community Resources & Services Prevention Patient and Family / Carer Centred Care Health Care Organisation Self-Management Work Force Clinical Care InformationSystems Improved health outcomes For people with chronic disease NSWChronicCare Model 2004 Reference: Modified from World Health Organisation and Wagner and Colleagues
Issues to be given further consideration today…. • How can a systematic quality improvement process be incorporated into current chronic disease developments in SA? • How can a systematic process to develop service standards for the prevention and management of chronic disease be created? • How can a systematic process to develop/adopt evidence based guidelines for the prevention and management of key chronic diseases be created?