Memory IV Memory Systems Amnesia. Are there multiple LTM memory systems?. How do you learn a new skill? How do you learn a new fact? How about learning about an event? Is there one long-term memory (LTM) system for these types of knowledge or are there multiple LTM systems?.
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LONG TERM MEMORY
(skills & habits)
(classical & operant conditioning)
Medial Temporal Lobe
past experiences influence perceptions, thoughts & actions without awareness that any information from past is accessed
conscious access to info from the past
(“I remember that..” )
-> involves conscious recollection
Look at the following words. I will test your memory for these words in various ways.
dissociation suggest different systems for implicit and explicit memory systems
ch _ _ _ _
Graf et al. (1984).
(Butters & Cermak, 1986)
Henry Gustav Molaison
8:31 AM: Now I am really, completely awake9:06 AM: Now I am perfectly, overwhelmingly awake9:34 AM: Now I am superlatively, actually awake
For full video segment see: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wDNDRDJy-vo&feature=&p=1DA172C40AC3B362&index=0&playnext=1
(Schacter, Tulving & Wang, 1981).
Declarative memory (memory for information/knowledge, e.g. episodic & semantic memory)
Procedural memory (e.g., how to ride a bike)
Implicit memories (using past information possibly without being aware of it)