History 230 m
Download
1 / 28

History 230-M - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 225 Views
  • Uploaded on

History 230-M. News of the South. Mexican Revolution. The 1 st major social revolution of the century Began because politicians could not agree who should rule when Diaz died. Creelman interview in Pearson’s Magazine Would retire when term ended Welcomed opposition party

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'History 230-M' - Audrey


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Mexican revolution l.jpg
Mexican Revolution

  • The 1st major social revolution of the century

  • Began because politicians could not agree who should rule when Diaz died.

  • Creelman interview in Pearson’s Magazine

    • Would retire when term ended

    • Welcomed opposition party

  • He was old and tired

  • State elections start showing opposition groups


Madero l.jpg
Madero

  • Francisco I. Madero

  • Part of the establishment

  • Father owned cotton plantation

  • Election of 1910

    • Jailed 5000

    • “Plan de San Luis Potosi

      • Called for revolution to begin November 20, 1910

      • Moral enforcements of land laws

      • Declared himself President


Roots of revolution l.jpg
Roots of Revolution

  • Diaz era one of unprecedented economic growth

  • Growth of a middle class out of power

  • Industrialization that promoted growth of working class

  • Land problems festered and go worse


Ricardo flores magon l.jpg
Ricardo Flores Magon

  • Born Oaxaca Sept. 16, 1874

  • Died Fort Leavenworth KS, November 21, 1922

  • Founded with brother Enrique, Regeneración, 1900

  • Influenced by Peter Kropotkin’s The Conquest of Bread


Anarchists l.jpg
Anarchists

  • Praxides Guerrero – 1882 – 1910

    • Member of Partido Liberal Mexicano – 1907

    • Worked with Magon

  • PLM was active prior to Madero and much more radical


Slide8 l.jpg
PLM

  • Founded in St. Louis 1907

  • Land reform – first start hearing “Tierra y Libertad”

  • Rights for the working class

  • Participation of women – Daughters of Cuahtemoc (Flores de Andrade)

  • Never strong politically but radicalizing influence


The anarchists l.jpg

Influential in the burgeoning labor movement

Casa del Obrero Mundial – House of the World Worker

Part of a world movement to gain workers’ rights – IWW in the US

Eliminate 7 day work week

8 hour day

Working Class

Tienda de Raya – company store

25 – 75 centavos/day

Major strikes 1906-1908 brutally crushed

Cananea (Sonora)

Rio Blanco (Vera Cruz)

The Anarchists


Revolution begins l.jpg

Madero

Liberty and political reform

References land reform

Some social change

Quickly lost control

North

Pancho Villa

Tough guy

Bandit?

Meets Madero and confesses to life of crime

South

Emiliano Zapata

“Land and Liberty”

True guerilla warfare

Attracted to Madero’s land reform statements

Revolution Begins


Zapata l.jpg
Zapata

  • Stableman/horse trainer

  • Sought justice for the campesino

  • Restore ejido lands taken under the Ley Lerdo

  • “Land and Liberty”

    • Theme of Flores Magon

    • Anarchists from Casa del Obrero Mundial


The zapatistas l.jpg
The Zapatistas

  • Who were they?

  • Many photos from:

    • http://www.rose-hulman.edu/~delacova/mex-revolution.htm

    • http://personal.redestb.es/fatela/Izquierda.htm


Plan of ayala l.jpg
Plan of Ayala

  • November 1911- Otilio Montaño

  • Breaks with Madero

  • Sets out Zapata’s plan for redistributing the lands taken from the rural people


The revolution 1910 l.jpg
The Revolution 1910

  • Diaz government run by senile old men

  • Fighting breaks out all over Mexico

    • Villa appointed Captain – raises forces

    • Zapata is already redistributing land and writes Madero for permission to revolt in his name

    • Magonistas invade Baja California

  • Most success coming in North

  • Border merchants sold arms to Madero and Villa


The revolution l.jpg
The Revolution

  • The hour had come for Diaz

    • Defeated in 6 months

    • Crucial battle at Ciudad Juarez

      • Pascual Orozco

      • Pancho Villa

    • May 25, 1911 he resigns

    • Limantour brokers the deal

    • Takes Ypiranga (German boat) from Vera Cruz

    • Dies in Paris 4 years later.


Madero16 l.jpg
Madero

  • Little prepared to keep all the bands together.

  • Thought he could move slowly

  • Named Victoriano Huerta military chief of staff to put down Porfirista revolts

  • Huerta murders Madero, his brother, and the Vice-President


Victoriano huerta l.jpg
Victoriano Huerta

  • Assisted by Henry Lane Wilson

  • Huerta was alcoholic

  • Betrayed fellow conspirators

  • Lost US backing with election of Woodrow Wilson

  • Fighting which had hardly stopped broke out in earnest


Venustiano carranza l.jpg
Venustiano Carranza

  • Governor of Coahuila

  • Had supported Diaz and switched

  • Had advantage of a great general in Álvaro Obregón

  • Uneasy alliance with Villa and Zapata


Revolutionary convention l.jpg
Revolutionary Convention

  • With the fall of Huerta the three main factions meet to establish a new government and enact reforms.

  • Constitutional Convention at Aguascalientes

  • Carranza hoped to control to assure his presidency



The revolution continues l.jpg
The Revolution Continues

  • Carranza resumed presidency in 1915

  • Villa retreats to the north and Zapata remains in his base in Morelos

  • Villa provokes the US and Pershing to bring them into the fray

  • Some stability led to a constitutional convention


Constitution of 1917 l.jpg
Constitution of 1917

  • Replaced the Constitution of 1857

  • Beacon to rest of Latin America

    • Property could be reclaimed by the state

    • Ejidos should be restored

    • Right to unionize

    • No debt peonage

    • Church could own nothing

    • Grand social changes




Mexican anarchists l.jpg
Mexican Anarchists

Juan Sarabia

Enrique Magón

Antonio Villareal

Antonio Diaz Soto y Gama