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FERTILITY AND POPULATION GROWTH - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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FERTILITY AND POPULATION GROWTH. A human-centered approach to population. Preferred Customer: NAFIS PICTURE. “It is possible to solve our population problems while at the same time respecting and nurturing human rights…Family planning is being integrated into a broad-based approach to.

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Presentation Transcript
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A human-centered approachto population

Preferred Customer:

NAFIS PICTURE

“It is possible to solve our population problems while at the same time respecting and nurturing human rights…Family planning is being integrated into a broad-based approach to

reproductive heath which takes into account the whole spectrum of the individual’s reproductive needs. This human-centered approach is at the heart of international consensus: that population is not about numbers, but about people.”

- Dr. Nafis Sadik, Executive Director, UNFPA - 1998

Global population reached 6 billion in October of 1999, and isstill rising by 78 million people a year.

fertility rates population growth and population momentum
Fertility rates, population growth, and population momentum

Total fertility rate:number of children a woman gives birth to over a lifetime.

Fertility rates are a key determinant of population growth.

Even when fertility falls to replacement level, population will continue to grow because of population momentum— the impact of large numbers of young people just entering their reproductive years.

the challenge of rapid population growth
The challenge of rapid population growth
  • Rapid populationgrowth challenges a country’s ability to:
    • Ensure economic growth and employment
    • Provide health services, education, and clean water
    • Protect the environment
  • At least 880 million people in developing countries do not have access to modern health services, nearly 1.5 billion do not have clean water, and one-fifth of children do not attend school to grade 5.

fertility and population growth

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global consumption patterns

100

86%

90

Wealthiest 20%

80

Poorest 20 %

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

1.3%

0

% of World Consumption

Global consumption patterns

High consumption in developed countries strains the global environment.

A child born in a developed country will add more to consumption and pollution over his or her lifetime than will 30 children born in a less developed country.

Globally, 20% of the world’s people in the highest-income countries account for 86% of total private consumption — the poorest 20% only 1.3%

how does women s empowerment affect fertility health and quality of life
How does women’s empowerment affect fertility, health, and quality of life?
  • Women are having fewer childrenbecause they havemore choices about:
      • Education
      • Employment
  • Empowering women and providing reproductive health services, including family planning, can:
      • Improve the health and well being of women and families
      • Strengthen women’s economic productivity
      • Reduce the spread of STIs/HIV/AIDS
      • Sustain current declines in fertility

Marriage

Reproduction

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fertility and population growth

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