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Evidence for Ancient Events - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Evidence for Ancient Events VISUAL EVIDENCE ART ARCHAEOLOGY WRITTEN EVIDENCE LITERATURE INSCRIPTIONS RUNNING RUNNING EVENTS Stade Diaulos Dolichos Hoplitodromos Hippios Lampadedromia but NOT a Marathon STADE Ancient Basis for the Modern Nemean Games

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slide1

Evidence for Ancient Events

VISUAL EVIDENCE

ART

ARCHAEOLOGY

WRITTEN EVIDENCE

LITERATURE

INSCRIPTIONS

slide3

RUNNING EVENTS

Stade

Diaulos

Dolichos

Hoplitodromos

Hippios

Lampadedromia

but NOT a Marathon

slide19

When all the runners have taken their positions, and the aphetes (starter, in a white himation) has prepared the hysplex to his satisfaction, the salpinktes will blow his trumpet, and the aphetes will shout out three ancient words which are the rough equivalent of our English "ready! set! GO!"

"poda para poda" (foot by foot)

"ettime" (ready)

"ápite" (GO)

slide33

Dolichos (7-24 stades

the first winner, in 720, was ACANTHUS of Sparta

the runners would begin and end their event in the stadium proper, but the race course would wind its way through the Olympic grounds

slide44

Harvard 1960.344: Side A: scene at centerPhotograph by Maria Daniels, courtesy of Harvard University Art Museums

slide46

Marathon

The Greek War with Persia (490 B.C.)

  • The Evidence:
  • Herodotus (Miller #28): The Athenian Philippides (or Pheidippides) runs from Athens to Sparta. (145 miles)
  • Plutarch (Miller #29): Hersippos of Erchi or Eukles announces the battle. Eukles says “Nike” and dies.
  • Lucian (Miller #30): Philippides runs from Marathon to Athens, announces victory and dies. (26 miles and 385 yards).
  • Pliny (Miller #31): Philippides runs from Athens to Sparta in two days.
slide54

Some Important Terms

Do you remember what they mean?

STADE

DIAULOS

HIPPIOS

DOLICHOS

HOPLITODROMOS

LAMPADEDROMIA

BALBIS

KAMPTER

APHETES

HYSPLEX

Relief of running hoplite soldier found in Athens 500 BC