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Evidence for Ancient Events - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Evidence for Ancient Events

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  1. Evidence for Ancient Events VISUAL EVIDENCE ART ARCHAEOLOGY WRITTEN EVIDENCE LITERATURE INSCRIPTIONS

  2. RUNNING

  3. RUNNING EVENTS Stade Diaulos Dolichos Hoplitodromos Hippios Lampadedromia but NOT a Marathon

  4. STADE

  5. Ancient Basis for the Modern Nemean Games

  6. When all the runners have taken their positions, and the aphetes (starter, in a white himation) has prepared the hysplex to his satisfaction, the salpinktes will blow his trumpet, and the aphetes will shout out three ancient words which are the rough equivalent of our English "ready! set! GO!" "poda para poda" (foot by foot) "ettime" (ready) "ápite" (GO)

  7. Diaulos (two stades)Hippios (four stades)

  8. Dolichos (7-24 stades the first winner, in 720, was ACANTHUS of Sparta the runners would begin and end their event in the stadium proper, but the race course would wind its way through the Olympic grounds

  9. Hoplitodromos

  10. Lampadedromia

  11. Harvard 1960.344: Side A: scene at centerPhotograph by Maria Daniels, courtesy of Harvard University Art Museums

  12. Marathon The Greek War with Persia (490 B.C.) • The Evidence: • Herodotus (Miller #28): The Athenian Philippides (or Pheidippides) runs from Athens to Sparta. (145 miles) • Plutarch (Miller #29): Hersippos of Erchi or Eukles announces the battle. Eukles says “Nike” and dies. • Lucian (Miller #30): Philippides runs from Marathon to Athens, announces victory and dies. (26 miles and 385 yards). • Pliny (Miller #31): Philippides runs from Athens to Sparta in two days.