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Veterinarians. Significant Points Graduation from an accredited college of veterinary medicine and a license to practice are required. Competition for admission to veterinary school is EXTREMELY high. . Veterinarians. Nature of the Work

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veterinarians
Veterinarians
  • Significant Points
    • Graduation from an accredited college of veterinary medicine and a license to practice are required.
    • Competition for admission to veterinary school is EXTREMELY high.
veterinarians1
Veterinarians
  • Nature of the Work
    • Veterinarians play a major role in the healthcare of pets, livestock, and zoo, sporting, and laboratory animals.
    • Most veterinarians work in private practices.
      • More than one-half treat small animals predominately.
      • A small number work exclusively with large animals, focusing mostly on horses or cows.
veterinarians2
Veterinarians
  • Nature of the Work
    • A number of veterinarians work with physicians and scientists.
      • Research ways to prevent and treat human health problems
      • Determine the effects of drug therapies and surgical techniques.
    • Some veterinarians are involved in food safety.
      • Check animals for transmissible diseases
      • Advise owners on treatment
veterinarians3
Veterinarians
  • Working Conditions
    • Over one-third of veterinarian work 50 or more hours a week.
    • Often work outdoors in all kinds of weather
    • Treat animals or perform surgery under less-than-sanitary conditions.
    • When working with animals that are frightened or in pain, veterinarians risk being bitten, kicked, or scratched.
veterinarians4
Veterinarians
  • Employment
    • Veterinarians currently hold about 59,000 jobs in the U.S.
veterinarians5
Veterinarians
  • Training
    • There are 28 colleges that meet accreditation standards set by the Council on Education of the American Veterinary Medical Association.
veterinarians6
Veterinarians
  • Pre-Veterinary School
    • Bachelor’s degree not required for some schools.
    • All schools require credit hours ranging from 45 to 90 semester hours.
    • Preveterinary courses emphasis the sciences:
      • Organic, inorganic and biochemistry
      • Physics
      • General biology
      • Animal biology, animal nutrition, genetics, etc.
veterinarians7
Veterinarians
  • Training
    • GPA of 3.5 or better is average.
    • Standardized Tests vary from school to school:
      • Graduate Record Examination (GRE)
      • Veterinary College Admission Test (VCAT) (no longer offered)
      • Medical College Admission Test (MCAT).
veterinarians8
Veterinarians
  • Training
    • Veterinary and animal experience is highly desirable.
      • Formal experience, such as work with veterinarians or scientists in clinics, agribusiness, research, or in some area of health science, is particularly advantageous..
    • Number of applicants is currently rising.
    • About 1 in 4 applicants are currently accepted.
veterinarians9
Veterinarians
  • Training
    • First 2 Years
      • Basic sciences.
    • Second 2 Years
      • Clinical procedures.
      • Diagnosing and treating animal diseases and performing surgery.
      • Laboratory work in anatomy, biochemistry, medicine, and other scientific subjects.
    • Veterinary graduates who plan to work with specific types of animals or specialize in a clinical area complete a 1-year internship.
veterinarians10
Veterinarians
  • Earnings
    • Median annual earnings of veterinarians is $68,000.
    • Average starting salaries by type of practice:
      • Small animal, predominant - $42,918
      • Large animal, predominant - $41,439
      • Mixed animal - $40,358
      • Equine - $28,526
      • Federal Government - $35,808.
veterinarians11
Veterinarians
  • Additional Information
    • American Veterinary Medical Association http://www.avma.org
    • Association of American Veterinary Medical Colleges http://www.aavmc.org
pharmacists
Pharmacists
  • Significant Points
    • Pharmacists are becoming more involved in drug therapy decision making and patient counseling.
    • Very good employment opportunities are expected.
    • Earnings are very high, but some pharmacists work long hours, nights, weekends, and holidays.
pharmacists1
Pharmacists
  • Nature of the Work
    • Dispense prescribed drugs.
    • Provide information to patients about medications and their use.
    • They advise physicians and other health practitioners on the selection, dosages, interactions, and side effects of medications.
pharmacists2
Pharmacists
  • Working Conditions
    • Many pharmacists spend most of their workday on their feet.
    • About 1 out of 7 pharmacists work part time.
    • Most full-time salaried pharmacists worked about 40 hours a week.
pharmacists3
Pharmacists
  • Employment
    • Pharmacists currently hold about 217,000 jobs in the U.S.
    • About 6 out of 10 work in community pharmacies.
    • About 21 percent of salaried pharmacists work in hospitals, clinics, mail-order pharmacies, pharmaceutical wholesalers, home healthcare agencies, or the Federal Government.
pharmacists4
Pharmacists
  • Training
    • 84 colleges of pharmacy are accredited to confer degrees by the American Council on Pharmaceutical Education.
    • Pharmacy programs grant the degree of Doctor of Pharmacy (Pharm.D.)
      • The Pharm.D. is a 4-year program that requires at least 2 years of college study prior to admittance.
      • This Pharm.D. has replaced the Bachelor of Science (B.S.) degree, which will cease to be awarded after 2005.
pharmacists5
Pharmacists
  • Prerequisites
    • Colleges of pharmacy require at least 2 years of college-level prepharmacy education.
      • Mathematics
      • Chemistry
      • Biology,
      • Physics
      • Courses in the humanities and social sciences.
    • Some colleges require the applicant to take the Pharmacy College Admissions Test (PCAT) others require the GRE.
pharmacists6
Pharmacists
  • Training
    • Pharmacy school classes include
      • Pharmaceutics and pharmaceutical chemistry
        • Physical and chemical properties of drugs and dosage forms
      • Pharmacology
        • effects of drugs on the body
      • Pharmacy administration.
pharmacists7
Pharmacists
  • Job Outlook
    • Pharmacists in chain drug stores may be promoted to:
      • Pharmacy supervisor or manager at the store level
      • Manager at the district or regional level
      • Executive position within the chain's headquarters.
    • Hospital pharmacists may advance to:
      • supervisory or administrative positions.
    • Pharmacists in the pharmaceutical industry may advance in:
      • marketing, sales, research, quality control, production, packaging, or other areas.
pharmacists8
Pharmacists
  • Job Outlook
    • Very, very good employment opportunities are expected for pharmacists.
    • The growing numbers of middle-aged and elderly people
      • Use more prescription drugs than do younger people.
pharmacists9
Pharmacists
  • Earnings
    • Median annual earnings of pharmacists is $70,950.
    • Median annual earnings in the industries employing the largest numbers of pharmacists:
      • Department stores - $73,730
      • Grocery stores - $72,440
      • Drug stores and proprietary stores - $72,110
      • Hospitals - $68,760
pharmacists10
Pharmacists
  • Additional Information
    • American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy http://www.aacp.org
    • National Association of Boards of Pharmacy http://www.nabp.net
    • National Association of Chain Drug Stores http://www.nacds.org
slide24

Podiatric Medicine

  • The Foot
  • Complex structure designed for balance and mobility
  • Highly significant interaction with rest of the body
  • May be first area to reveal signs of systemic medical conditions
slide25

Podiatric Medicine

  • Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
  • Specializes in the prevention, diagnosis and treatment of foot disorders, diseases, and injuries
  • Works closely with other health professionals to treat and control disease
slide26

Podiatric Medicine

  • Doctor of Podiatric Medicine
  • Makes independent decisions
  • Performs surgery
  • Prescribes medications
  • Utilizes radiographic and laboratory tests for diagnostic purposes
  • Orders physical therapy
slide27

Podiatric Medicine

  • Benefits of a Podiatric Medical Career
  • Professional Satisfaction
  • Alleviating human suffering
  • Flexible practice hours
  • Balanced lifestyle
slide28

Podiatric Medicine

  • Need for Podiatric Physicians
  • Baby Boomers
    • More miles on their feet
    • More active lifestyles means more injury-prone
    • Largest segment of population
  • Diabetes
    • Reaching epidemic proportions
slide29

Podiatric Medicine

  • Podiatric Subspecialties
  • Diabetic foot
  • Geriatrics
  • Pediatrics (Podopediatrics)
  • Biomechanics/Orthopedics
  • Sports Medicine
slide30

Podiatric Medicine

11th Highest Paid Profession in U.S.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics 2000

Average Net Income $134,557

  • 0 - 2 years $ 63,088
  • 3 - 5 years $104,909
  • 6 - 9 years $126,717
  • 10 - 14 years $143,141
  • 15 - 24 years $158,509
  • 25+ years $125,000
  • Source: APMA 2002
slide31

Podiatric Medicine

  • First Two Years Basic Sciences
    • Anatomy
    • Biochemistry
    • Physiology
    • Microbiology
    • Pathology
    • Histology
slide32

Podiatric Medicine

  • Last Two Years Clinical Training
  • 24 months
  • Hospitals
  • Ambulatory Clinics
  • Long-Term Care Facilities
  • Community Practices
slide33

Podiatric Medicine

  • Class of 2007 Averages
  • Overall GPA – 3.3
  • Science GPA – 3.1
  • MCAT – 20
slide34

Pre-Requisites

  • Biology – 8 Hours*
  • Chemistry – 8 Hours*
  • Organic Chemistry – 8 Hours*
  • Physics – 8 Hours*
  • English – 6 Hours
  • *Lab Required
slide35

Podiatric Medicine

  • Pre-Requisites
  • 90 semester hours
  • Bachelor’s degree recommended
  • MCAT preferred
  • Pre-professional advisory committee evaluation
  • Interview required
slide36

Podiatric Medicine

  • Online application available through AACPM
  • Apply to all 6 member schools with same application
  • Application cycle begins in September for class that starts the following August
slide37

Podiatric Medicine

• Additional Information

• American Podiatric Medical Association http://www.apma.org

• American Association of Colleges of Podiatric Medicine http://www.aacpm.org

chiropractors
Chiropractors
  • Significant Points
    • Employment of chiropractors is expected to increase faster than average.
    • Chiropractic care has become more accepted as a result of recent research and changing attitudes.
    • Earnings are relatively low in the beginning, but increase as the practice grows.
chiropractors1
Chiropractors
  • Nature of the Work
    • Chiropractors diagnose and treat patients whose health problems are associated with the body's muscular, nervous, and skeletal systems, especially the spine.
    • Chiropractors believe interference with these systems impairs normal functions and lowers resistance to disease.
    • The chiropractic approach to healthcare is holistic, stressing the patient's overall health and wellness.
chiropractors2
Chiropractors
  • Nature of the Work
    • Some chiropractors use water, light, massage, ultrasound, electric, and heat therapy.
    • Chiropractors do not prescribe drugs or perform surgery.
    • Many chiropractors are solo or group practitioners who also have the administrative responsibilities of running a practice.
    • The average workweek is about 40 hours.
    • Chiropractors, like other health practitioners, are sometimes on their feet for long periods.
chiropractors3
Chiropractors
  • Employment
    • Chiropractors currently hold about 50,000 jobs in the U.S.
    • Most chiropractors are in solo practice, although some are in group practice or work for other chiropractors.
chiropractors4
Chiropractors
  • Training
    • Most states require at least 2 years of undergraduate education
    • An increasing number of states require a 4-year bachelor's degree.
    • All states require completion of a 4-year chiropractic college course at an accredited program leading to the Doctor of Chiropractic degree.
chiropractors5
Chiropractors
  • Training
    • There are 16 chiropractic programs in the United States accredited by the Council on Chiropractic Education.
    • All required applicants must have at least 90 semester hours:
      • English
      • Social sciences and/or humanities
      • Organic and inorganic chemistry
      • Biology
      • Physics
      • Psychology.
chiropractors6
Chiropractors
  • Training
    • First 2 years of Chiropractic School
      • Classroom and laboratory work in basic sciences.
    • Last 2 years of Chiropractic School
      • Courses in manipulation and spinal adjustments
      • Clinical experience in physical and laboratory diagnosis, neurology, orthopedics, geriatrics, physiotherapy, and nutrition.
chiropractors7
Chiropractors
  • Job Outlook
    • Job prospects are expected to be good for persons who enter the practice of chiropractic with faster than average growth.
    • Chiropractic care is appealing to many health-conscious Americans due to its holistic approach.
    • Demand for chiropractic treatment is also related to the ability of patients to pay, either directly or through health insurance.
chiropractors8
Chiropractors
  • Earnings
    • Median annual earnings of salaried chiropractors is $67,030.
    • Self-employed chiropractors usually earn more than salaried chiropractors.
    • The average income for all chiropractors, including the self-employed, was about $81,500 after expenses.
    • Self-employed chiropractors must provide for their own health insurance and retirement.
chiropractors9
Chiropractors
  • Areas of Expansion
    • Oriental Medicine
    • Naturopathy
chiropractors10
Chiropractors
  • Additional Information
    • American Chiropractic Association http://www.amerchiro.org
    • International Chiropractors Association http://www.chiropractic.org
    • World Chiropractic Alliance http://www.worldchiropracticalliance.org

D.D. Palmer

Founder of Chiropractics